From the Official "Pan -American Art Hand-Book"
Floriculture, with the development of the grounds, has assumed a very important and beautiful part of the Exposition. About fifteen acres were graded just north of the Buffalo Park and south of the Canal, and extending from the South Midway to the bridge leading to the Forecourt. This entire plot has been devoted to floriculture, including ornamental trees and shrubs. With very little solicitation the leading nurserymen and florists of the country realized the importance and advantage of a display of their specialties at the Pan-American. There are about 200 beds, ranging from an area of 10,000 square feet to small beds of less than 100 square feet. Fifty different firms are represented. The work that has been done on this beautiful garden will be the better appreciated by knowing that within ten months of the opening of the Exposition this entire territory was a bank of the most forbidding clay from the excavation of the canals and Mirror Lakes.
The first exhibit received was two thousand hardy roses from Ellwanger & Barry of Rochester. From that time on,hardy trees, shrubs, hardy perennials and bulbs, including tulips, hyacinths, narcissuses, irises, crocuses, and others, came in until winter stopped outside operations. The exhibits have been arranged with a view to having the most brilliant colors near the Elmwood entrance and in the center of the garden. The evergreens and shrubs and herbaceous plants are nearer the margins of the boundaries, where they harmonize with the shrubbery of the Park and the plantations of the Landscape Department. Being all exhibits, and as the management may not dictate what kinds or colors should be sent, there may be something lacking in the harmony of the whole. The splendid condition of the grass and the many trees that have been planted add much to the charm of the flower beds. The hybrid perpetual roses will make a beautiful show up to the middle of July, and then be succeeded by dahlias, of which there will be exhibits by the leading growers of New Jersey and New England.
The bulbs which have made such a brilliant display this spring have been the exhibit of F. R. Pierson of Tarrytown-on-the-Hudson. They occupy six beds, and have been pronounced by experts as the finest display of tulips ever seen in this country. They will be succeeded by cannas, musas, geraniums, and a variety of foliage plants. Henry A. Dreer of Philadelphia has fifteen smaller beds of tulips, hyacinths, and narcissuses. To succeed them they will exhibit cannas, salvias, phlox, gaillardias, verbenas, petunias, begonias, and many other summer-blooming plants, besides their large exhibit of hardy perennials.
James Vick's Sons of Rochester have beds of hyacinths and tulips, and will replenish with a variety of summer annuals. Henry Eicholtz of Waynesboro, Pa., will exhibit two new varieties of cannas. Conard & Jones, of West Grove, Pa., have four beds of the latest new cannas. Jackson & Perkins of Newark, N. Y., have an exhibit of hardy climbing roses. Nathan Smith & Co. of Adrian, Mich., exhibit two new cannas. Nelson Bogue of Batavia, N. Y., has nine large beds of the choicest hardy roses, which will be followed by dahlias. C. W. Ward of Queens, N. Y., occupies four large beds with cannas and new geraniums.
W. G. Eisele of West End, N. J., has three beds of cannas. E. C. Smith of Geneva, N. Y., exhibits a large plantation of rudbeckia. Peter Henderson & Co. of New York City occupy the large plot between the Canal and the Horticulture Building. On it they have five very large beds and many feet of border which will be filled with a great variety of popular and many new foliage plants besides bowers of climbing plants, rustic summer-houses, and every device for the maintenance of flower gardens.
Matthew D. Mann, M.D., of Buffalo has an exhibit of the new hybrid delphinium, one of the handsomest of our hardy garden plants. The Whitney Eckstein Company of Buffalo have a fine exhibit of lawn grass from their celebrated seed. W. Atlee Burpee of Philadelphia has five beds of summer roses, begonias, and coleus. Lothrop & Higgins of East Bridgewater, Mass., will plant three thousand of the choicest dahlias, of which they are specialists. William Scott of Buffalo has a bed of the new French altha'as. C. D. Zimmermann has a large oval bed which has been brilliant with spring flowers and will be followed with tropical plants. Ellwanger & Barry, in addition to their fine display of hardy roses, have planted a large group, covering a quarter of an acre, of all our most desirable hardy trees and shrubs.
Thomas Meehan & Son of Germantown, Pa., occupy a fine position near the South Midway with seventy-five specimens of our bestknown evergreens. Rea Bros. of Norwood, Mass., have a large exhibit of their specialty, hardy phlox. The American Ginseng Company of Rose Hill, N. Y., have a bed of their interesting plant, the ginseng, now largely used in China. This is an American plant, found in our shady woods, and is considered by the Chinese a cure-all. Bobbink & Atkins of Rutherford, N. J., have a large, irregular bed filled with American shrubs and evergreens. F. R. Pierson, in addition to his flowering plants, has an exhibit of one hundred hardy azaleas, three hundred and fifty rhododendrons, some magnificent sweetbays, and two hundred of the choicest and uncommon evergreens.
James Vick's Sons have six beds filled with our popular summer-flowering plants. F. B. Mills of Rose Hill, N. Y., has filled six beds with his leading specialties, summer-blooming roses, geraniums, and salvias. Christian Eisele of Philadelphia has three beds of pansies, which will be succeeded later by summerblooming roses. Clucas & Boddington occupy eight flower-beds with Spanish iris. These will be very gay early in June, and will be followed by summer-blooming plants by other exhibitors.
The Park Floral Company of Denver, Col., have a group of five hundred aquilegia cerulia, the Rocky Mountain columbine. This beautiful plant, which resembles an orchid, is very little known here. The Wm. H. Moon Company of Morrisville, Pa., have a large exhibit of choice evergreens. These occupy a bed near the Women's Building. Parsons & Son of Flushing, N. Y., have a collection of Japanese maples and another bed filled with ilex crenata, a new and desirable broad-leaved evergreen.
John Cook of Baltimore, Md., is exhibiting fifty plants of his new rose, Admiral Schley. Denys Zirngiebel of Needham, Mass., has a large oval bed of pansies, to be followed by dahlias. The Mexican exhibit will be highly interesting, as it consists almost entirely of bulbous plants peculiar to Mexico, and several large beds of cacti.
Any account of this beautiful garden
with its varied exhibits would not be complete were we to omit the aquatics,
which are exclusively the exhibit of the Henry A. Dreer firm. Mr. Tricker, the
well-known specialist, chose varieties most suitable for the location. Large
ponds were made on the margins of the east and west Mirror Lakes and the several
inlets of the lagoons, and these were planted during June and July of last summer.
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