All stories from the Buffalo Evening News, unless otherwise noted
When the sun rose yesterday the asphalt pavement for the entire Midway was covered with the tracks of feet about 24 inches long. They were painted in white and were legended “Going to Bostock's”. To make the legend good, all were pointed toward the animal show. They were from 6 to 10 feet apart, as if some giant, the grandfather of all men of Anak, had stepped into a bucket of painted and them gambolled for Bostock's by leaps and bounds.
“A printsly style of advertising,” observed F. De Peyster Townsend, the Lord of the Midway, when he saw the tracks. The other concessionaires looked with envy upon the foot prints. Then they got an idea, a scrubbing brush and some black paint and a brush. The result appeared this morning when the tracks bore the legends, “Not Going to Bostock's, Going to the Couchee Couchee, Going to Get a Shine, Going to the Hula-Hula Dancers”, and so forth. But the tracks still pointed for Bostock's and that contents the Lord of the Lions.
August 2: Visitors who frequent the rose garden, the Wooded Island and the borders of the Lagoons and Mirror Lakes find one of the most attractive features of the Exposition in the many varieties of flowers now in full bloom. To those gifted with an appreciation of the charms of Nature, these constitute the most beautiful part of the show in the Rumsey acres.
The rose gardens are now bearing their fourth crop of flowers. The early tulip and crocuses and their sisterhood of spring flowers, the tea roses and the irises have been succeeded by the later summer train, in which cannas are the most prominent. Every foot of ground about the Women's Building that is not reserved for velvety lawns and graveled paths is crowded with the choicest products of the floral kingdoms.
Here are agaves, or American aloes, 25 feet tall, ready to burst into blossom. Yonder is a bed of Mexican cacti, a veritable museum of floral freaks. Between are the flowers that make gardening the poetic art in the North through the summer months. All these are due to the skill of William Scott, superintendent of Horticulture.
August 3: An 84-inch flywheel burst at noon today in the inner court of the Machinery Building, sending its fragments flying in a hundred directions. No one was seriously hurt, although thousands were around the court almost in line of the flying fragments.
The wheel was a drive pulley of a Struthers, Wells & Co. engine. A wooden pulley 72 inches in diameter broke first, tangling up a big leather belt, and this brought such pressure on the wheel as to cause it to break. One of the pieces flew out through the skylight and, passing through the main part of the building over the soda water booth, struck one of the columns which form the doorway fronting on the Mall. The piece passed close to the heads of hundreds of people who were looking at the Transportation exhibits in that part of the building. The crash of breaking glass and staff was like the sound of thunder - everybody was in a panic.
Engineer Rustin hastened to the scene and began an investigation within a few minutes. Nothing was left of the wheels but the hub of the iron pulley with the butt ends of the enormous spokes. The belt was wound and twisted about the shaft and the entire engine was buried under fragments of glass and plaster. The force of the explosion was terrific. One piece of the broken fly-wheel, weighing perhaps 10 pounds, flew some 25 feet into the air in a northerly direction. It crashed through the wall between the inner court and the main north aisle of the Machinery Hall, sailed across the top of the booths in this section and passed safely over the head of hundreds of almost panic-stricken people. It struck the north wall of the interior of the building, bored its way through, flew across the toilet room, gouged a hole in the outer wall of the building and fell into the Mall, where it struck and knocked senseless a young woman from out of town. She was taken to the Emergency Hospital. Two other people, both men, were slightly injured by falling pieces of iron and wood, and one was struck in the forearm and bruised, the other in the eye.
Engineer Rustin reported the details of the accident to the director of works in substance as follows. The engine is a gas engine of 320 horsepower, used to drive a pump. It is fitted with a friction clutch by which an idle pulley is brought into action. When the clutch was turned on at noon it began to slip. The head of the water in the main was acting at this time backward on the pump, as the pump had not begun to work, so the pump became a motor turning the wooden pulley in the direction from which it sought to go. One of the pulleys, the iron one on the engine, was thus pulling in one direction 180 revolutions a minute, and the wooden pulley on the pump was pulling in the other 120 revolutions a minute. The wooden pulley gave way. This brought unusual pressure on the iron pulley, which also went to pieces. One piece cut an 8 x 8 wooden beam in two as if it had been a toothpick. The engine was built by Struthers, Wells & Co. of Warren, Pa., and any damage done by it must be made good by that firm.
August 4: Midway Day! Sis-s-s-s-s! Bang! Bang! Bang! Hoopla! Whoop! Hoo-ray!
The Lane of Laughter fairly throbbed yesterday with preparations for Midway Day. Attendants rushed feverishly about making the last arrangements for the gorgeous spectacles of the most thrilling occasion of the year. They dragged out the camels and annointed with fat their galled sides. They led forth the elephants and and swabbed their pachydermatous coats until they looked like old rubber boot tops. They currycombed the horses, they greased up the hubs of the floats, they put the finishing touches upon the gaudy chariots, and lastly they adorned the natives in their respective national raiments, making the Midway resemble from end to end a vast dressing room of some colossal international spectacular show.
Paint and feathers, copper earrings and bracelets, claws, horns and teeth, the equipment of a large part of the animal kingdom were levied upon for decorations. The array was fantastic, grotesque, and barbarous. Never did morning unfold itself more auspiciously for so great an occasion. The clouds that enveloped the earth at daybreak were dissipated by the rays of the mounting sun. At 8 o'clock they were broken up like a spring ice pack in Niagara river, and at 10 o'clock sunshine and shadow played tag across the splendid courts of the Exposition.
A fresh breeze blew across the grounds, breaking out the flags in splendor from all the buildings. The air was cool. All things meteorological seemed arranged for the comfort of visitors. The wind held from the northeast perfuming the grounds with odors of the fields and woods out in the smiling country...
Amid scenes of beauty never paralleled in the scenes of the far-famed Field of the Cloth of Gold, nor in any other historical pageantry, the parade of all nations moved off at 10:30 o'clock. Over the Triumphal Bridge whose lordly towers were crowned with Bitter's superb “Mounted Standard Bearers,” the head of the procession flushed into the sun from the Rose Gardens. It moved between a serpentine lane hedged with walls of humanity.
At the head was a platoon of Pan-American patrolmen in full dress uniform of white trousers, blue coats and buff helmets. Next followed the red coats, Carlisle Indian Band. All of the savage life of the plains seemed most vividly portrayed in the Indian parade that came in single file, from the great, the romantic Indian Congress. There were 100 horses and 500 Indians in the line. The rear guard was made up of a troupe of ostriches drawing carriages.
Chiquita in her diminutive brougham, followed by a bugler in red breeches came next, but her glory was well nigh eclipsed when the only animal king, Frank Bostock, came down the line in a tricycle propelled by Birsing Monn. He carried a huge tawny lion in his arms that constantly tried to dash from the embrace of his captor. The crowd didn't wish him luck. After Bostock came his animal trainers, men wont to look into the eyes of wild brutes as fearlessly as one looks into the eyes of any stranger. A cage containing four lion cubs and little Vera Bostock was the next wonder, eliciting constant applause. Then came elephants, camels, quaggas, and other specimens from Bostock's menagerie.
The ambulance tore through the line at this point to the rescue of a lady who had been squeezed in the crush. Then Venice in America came with its Fire Brigade Band of Venice. Gorgeous and splendid was the parade of Fair Japan. Its line flaunted gay banners and its members, beautifully robed in the picturesque robes of the Japan of yore, presented the finest picture yet seen.
The Ideal Palace, with its beauties, the Zancigs, who are the magicians of the Midway, all in carriages, gypsies, the Fife and Drum Corps of Missionary Ridge introduced the Philippine Village with a grand display of our new possessions in the Far East. The babies from the Infant Incubator in the arms of their nurses, drawn by Shetland ponies, were applauded deservedly. So were the Hawaiians from the Hawaiian Volcano and the Hawaiian Village, all resplendent in their yellow colors.
Gaston Akoun led the tribes of the strange, ancient East, as represented in the Streets of Cairo and Beautiful Orient. All the sword dancers, girl dancers and other attractions of the place were out, making a fantastic medley. The Wild Water Sports formed a most picturesque assemblage of hunting dogs, elks, and huntsmen in scarlet. After these came the Old Plantation represented by a huge slice of watermelon on a float, the Esquimaux Village with its Eskimos, sledges and dogs. Darkest Africa with its assegai throwers, Zulus and African cannibals, a savage lot. The national glass works with a display of woven glass cloth, the airship Luna from the Trip to the Moon, the beautiful Streets of Mexico, with its bull-fighters, dancing girls, acrobats, vaqueros, and peons, Darkness and Dawn, the House Upside Down and the Aero-Cycle. This gorgeous procession dragged its interminable length around the courts of the Midway, and then disbanded at the various concessions.
August 5: “No man who hex wonce riden phast ever kares to ride slo agen,” said the philosopher Josh Billings. The truth of this maxim is felt in all its intensity at the Exposition this morning. After hitting up the warm pace of last Saturday with its delirium of gayety, its noise and its crowds of 106,315, the Exposition officials don't care to settle back into the routine pace with only its drills, its recitals, its educational exhibitions and its edifying spectacles that draw the daily attendance of never more than 40,000. Saturday's record has satisfied them that what the crowd wants is sensation.
The truth of this is being realized, and while nothing brutal or immoral will ever be permitted to be given in the way of a spectacle at the Exposition, it is believed that from now on there will be sensational programmes provided for special days at the Pan-American, and that these occasions will be of frequent occurrence.
Today the Exposition of like a society bud awakening. The sky is clear, the sun shines brightly, a cool breeze sweeps over the grounds, everything speaks of joy and beauty, but here is something missing. The missing element is the excitement of Midway Day. The attendance shows the difference. While there were 50,000 within the gates on Saturday at 10 o'clock, there were not more than about 5000 visitors at the same hour this morning.
“A week's carnival could be put on that would draw people to the Exposition from the Pacific Coast, “ said Frederic Thompson yesterday. “Call it the Pan-American Carnival. Arrange a programme fashioned after the Mardi Gras festival, with new and novel features. Then advertise it everywhere.”
Mr. Thompson was chairman of the committee that had Midway Day in charge, and the echo of revelry in Laughter Lane had scarcely died away before he and his associates were discussing means of reaping a whirlwind from Saturday's success. The concessionaires discussed the carnival with enthusiasm. Having made good upon their promise for Midway Day and vindicated the circus idea of advertising, they say it is now up to the Exposition management to say whether the rest of the Exposition season shall be a corresponding success. it is only a question of features and advertising, the concessionaires declare.
“The Pan-American is a beautiful setting,” Mr. Thompson told a NEWS reporter. “It is like the handsomely decorated stage of a theater. Day after day the curtain has gone up on the inspiring illumination, the beautiful fountains, the vari-colored flowers, the rainbow buildings. But there has been no action. The crowds admire the settings. But they want the performance, too. A man with a theater does not depend upon the magnificence of his stage setting alone. He needs his actors and his programme to get the people. So it is with the Exposition. Thirty and forty thousand will be attracted by the settings. Sixty and seventy thousand more will be drawn by the programme.”
August 6: Col. Skiff of Pain's Fireworks Company has arranged a magnificent initial display for Saturday. Regular pyrotechnical displays will occur three times a week hereafter on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. The title to be used in advertising them (and this title is descriptive of the display) is “Pain's Midsummer Nights' Aquatic Carnival of Fire.”
Director of Works Carlton made a survey of the south margin of the lake today with Manager Skiff of the Pain Company and located the houses which it will be necessary to erect to carry out the display. They will be placed so as not to interfere with the landscape effects. In these houses the materials and machinery needed for the displays will be stored and the workmen necessary will be housed while doing the work.
The hour set for the display Saturday night is 8:10. The whole lake surface and south margin with all the craft afloat will be the base of the carnival. All the barges, launches and gondolas on the lake will be outlined with Pain's prismatic fairy lamps and festooned with Japanese and Chinese lanterns. The whole surface of the water will be illuminated with colored fires and floating beacons. In the midst of this superb illumination, the like of which has never been seen in Buffalo, will be given a grand entertainment. The main feature will be a grand ballet of water nymphs, which will take place on the illuminated floating stage.
In addition to the ballet there will be several special features. Among these are acrobatic acts on the floating stages by American and European artists of the highest rank, The Weitzmans, Jan and Marle, forming an aerial elephant crossing the lake on a high wire illuminated and there performing many wonderful feats, the march of the fiery demon clad in a helmet of fire and with fiery whirlwinds at each end of his balancing pole, crossing a whirlpool of fire at the middle of the wire, aquatic pantomime of humorous and laughable acts.
Following this spectacle will come the pyrotechics, including aquatic and aerial marvels, and culminating in representation of a battle, called the bombardment of the Taku forts. The forts with the warships will be outline in fire.
7 Letter to the Editor: Must we bolster up our Exposition by
a week of carnival? Is not its glorious beauty sufficient to attract crowds
with eyes and ears to appreciate its sights and sounds? Must we endure
the desecration of refined pleasure by discordant yells and deafening tom-toms,
blatant spielers and all the rest of it? The Midway is well enough in its
place and on occasion, but what a pity to let it dominate the situation!
I suggest to the St. Louis commissioners that they have only midways in
their Louisiana Purchase celebration in 1903.
August 8 Letter to the Editor: I have to say a word in behalf of city people who have relatives in the country around Buffalo. The country people come to see the Pan-Am. and whether their city cousins are taking roomers or not makes not difference to them, they have a place to sleep and perhaps two meals each day, and when they go home they say, “Now be sure to come down to see us. I thank you for all the trouble I have made.”
Possibly they have bought some little souvenir and given it to the one who has been entertaining them, but more probably not even that. I wish to say to these people that it's money we need more than thanks, etc., this summer, and some of us haven't the nerve to ask our cousins for it. You in the country do not realize what it is to hand out cash for everything you have to put on the table and you will find that you will be much more welcome the next time you visit Buffalo if you will pay (or at least offer) your cousins while you are visiting the Pan-Am this summer.
August 9: Mrs. Mattie Dorsett, the original “Calamity Jame” of Wild West fame and who has been with the Indian Congress at the Exposition during the last month, spent last night behind prison bars. Patrolman Charles P. Gore of the Austin Street Station found the old woman on Amherst street, near the Exposition gate, last night. She was reeling from side to side and did not appear to know where she was. The woman had been drinking and Gore placed her under arrest.
She spent the night in the matron's custody at the Pearl Street Station, was taken before Judge Rochford this morning and released on suspended sentence. Mrs. Dorsett said it was the first time she had ever been arrested.
August 10: The President of the United States will be in Buffalo to visit the Pan-American Exposition on the 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th days of September. Such was the arrangement made with him in Canton yesterday by a committee representing the city and the Exposition. Mayor Diehl, President Milburn, Director-General Buchanan and Chairman Scatcherd of the Executive Committee called on Mr. McKinley in his home and the visit was planned in a short time and with every expression of pleasure on the part of the President.
The Chief Magistrate will arrive in the city on the evening of Sept. 4th, and go at once to the residence of President J.G. Milburn, which has been placed at the disposal of the President and Mrs. McKinley, who will 7accompany her husband on his visit. Mr. and Mrs. Milburn will step out of their house and leave it with the servants, wholly at the command of the distinguished guests from Canton. It is said that Mr. and Mrs. McKinley were deeply touched when informed of the beautiful courtesy planned for them in this particular.
“President McKinley is one of the finest men I ever met,” said Mayor Diehl to a NEWS reporter this morning. “He is as simple in manner, as unaffected and as cordial in his bearing as any man I know of. No reception could have been more agreeable and gratifying than ours at Canton yesterday... We reached Canton from Cleveland about 1 o'clock and were soon afterwards in the private office of the President. We told him of our mission and asked his convenience about coming to Buffalo as the guest of the city and the management of the Exposition. The first thing he said was
I am proud of the magnificent enterprise and want to do all I can to make it a glorious success. Just let me know how I can most further the interests of the Exposition and I shall be only too glad to do what I can to that end.
It is needless to say that we were delighted beyond words. The President passed cigars and we all lit up and settled down to talk over plans. You can imagine how informal it was and how many good things the President and the other gentlemen said as the conversation rolled along..."
August 11: While certain newspapers throughout the country are throwing mud and sarcasm at the Pan-American, kindly allow me as a newsgatherer by trade, and a modest traveler and observer by recreation, to say one just and appreciative word of the “Pan” of Buffalo and its people.
The wide-spread report that Buffalo in 1901 is a nest of robbers and crooks is wholly untrue. I have drifted as a careless person might through the thoroughfares and byways of Buffalo at night and by day, and I have yet to find either a disorderly or suspicious character. In all my visits to American metropolitan centers during an Exposition season and otherwise, I have never seen a city more generous in its hospitality. It is a positive fact that clean, comfortable rooms can be had in Buffalo during these summer months for 50 cents, and for a dollar accommodations can be had that are suited to any sensible being. Good meals range from 25 cents to $1.00. Even on the grounds of the Exposition eating is at least half as cheap as at Chicago in 1893, and fully as good.
Strangers to a city are greatly confused over the street cars and transfer system. Repeatedly I have seen conductors going into elaborate and tiresome explanations as to the details of urban travel, and always with that courtesy that makes an American gentleman. In the Public Library I found the superintendent of one of the departments allowing a stranger to take a book out of the library on her own card, the stranger having explained that he needed the book urgently for literary work. This extension of courtesy and trust could, I am positive, never have been matched in the New York City Public Library.
However one may choose to estimate the Pan-American Exposition, and however much people may persist in comparing it with the World's Columbian Exposition and the Paris Fair of 1900, the fact still remains too stubborn to be denied, the Pan-American Exposition is a triumph politically and educationally, not to add spectacularly. It unites the countries of two continents in immediate and friendly intercourse. It is worth crossing continents to see, and Buffalo should receive he commendation of every true and loyal American for steering so great a commercial undertaking into such a superlative success. While the rest of the country is suffering with a season of unnatural heat, the meteorological conditions of Niagara's vicinity remain perpetually cool and comfortable. To the American who wants to go somewhere during the summer I earnestly advise him to come to Buffalo. Even at this crowded time he stands less a chance of being robbed here than he would at Saratoga. Buffalo is all right, and the United States should pat her on the back.
August 12: For one hour last night Pain, the potentate of pyrotechnics, delighted an audience to the verge of ecstasy with his gorgeous summer night carnival of fire at the Pan-American Exposition. The spectators were numbered by about five times ten thousand. They crowded into the reserved seats, gladly giving up a quarter for the privilege of getting any old place. They camped down upon the grassy slopes of the Park Lake, they crowded upon the Park bridge, and floated in illuminated launches and gondolas upon the murky gloom of the lake. Never was a fireworks display seen by a larger audience at the Exposition grounds, or by a more appreciative one. For that matter, an audience had never had greater occasion for appreciation.
The scene was one of surpassing beauty. In the foreground was the lake, ebony black as to its surface save where the colored lights on the farther shore made wavy, tremulous paths across the ripples. Beyond was a raft anchored near the south shore and filled with the living actors in the spectacular performance. Beyond, embowered in trees, could be discerned the luminous outlines of a pagoda upon a bridge formed of hundreds of lanterns. A double row of Japanese lanterns helped to add brilliancy to the scene. Here and there on the dark waters shot the launches and gondolas trimmed with rows of electric lights. Over all stretched the deep sky spangled with cool stars.
At 8:10 the program began with horseplay between a policeman and [illegible] upon the platform, and then acrobats and tumblers, who in turn gave way to dancers. A ballet gave everything from a minuet to a cakewalk. Then Bostock's polar bear appeared upon a raft. A bomb announced his arrival. He was urged into the water where he swam around for a time, restrained by a rope.
Then a launch went over the course dropping fiery balls in to the water, where they blazed more fiercely for a time. Afterwards they threw over geysers that blazed on the water and nigger-chasers that ran hither and thither frantically until they burned out their fuses.
These were only a prelude to the performance. Thereafter there were meteors, exploding meteoric balloons going up, silver wheels, polychromatic canopies, aerial wonders, glittering spangles, prismatic whirlwinds, electric sunbursts, aerial sleighbells, magical illuminations and similar pyrotechnic prodigies.
There was not a moment when there was not some sensation to be seen. At one moment the wood was lighted like a forest in autumn. a rose cluster bloomed in tints of living fire. The Carey poster, the “Spirit of Niagara”, was produced in brilliant colors. Gov. Odell's features were shown in a set piece. Fountains of fire shot from the surface of the lake.
The piece du resistance was the bombardment of the Taku forts taken from a sketch during the Chinese-Japanese war. Four battleships were traced in fire, two on either hand. The fort was also illuminated. For 10 minutes shells of fire burst in the fort or hurtled harmlessly in the air. They crossed each other in the clear sky, leaving trails of fire behind them.
Those who saw the spectacle pronounced it the most brilliant one of the kind they ever saw. Hereafter displays will be given each Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evening at the Exposition.
August 13: L.A.W. (League of American Wheelmen) headquarters at 7 West Seneca street is a busy place these days, members from all sections of the country arriving continually and the local committee urges all wheelmen in the city who have not as yet registered to do so at once. Thus far St. Louis has the largest representation with Philadelphia not far behind. Boston also has a large delegation on hand.
The Pan-American Exposition management has a representative of the information department at headquarters constantly, and visitors are being taken care of in a satisfactory manner.
This morning an informal gathering of wheelmen was held at headquarters and in the afternoon the bicycle races at the Stadium will be the feature. Tonight will occur the first bicycle run and all Buffalo wheelmen are urged to assemble at headquarters at 8 o'clock and act as escort to the visitors, who will take a trip about Buffalo by way of the Front, view the Pan-American illumination and later on attend a reception at the Parkside Wheeling Club in Main street near Utica street.
August 14: Twenty charming Southern girls are “doing” the Exposition today as guests of the Atlanta Journal. This progressive and widely known Southern Journal recently offered to pay the expenses from Atlanta to Buffalo and Niagara Falls and return of the three most popular young women school teachers in Fulton county, Georgia, of the three most popular young women school teachers outside Fulton county, of the five most popular young women in Fulton county excepting school teachers, and of the 10 most popular young women in the State outside of Fulton county with the same exception.
popularity of the winners was determined by the usual method of coupon
voting, and never did a contest of the kind prove more interesting. More
than 2,000,000 votes were cast. Miss Eddie Hardwick, one of the successful
contestants, received more than 95,000 votes.
The Journal representatives and their guests are traveling in palatial style. They left Atlanta on Saturday morning, spent Sunday at Mammoth Cave, and arrived in Buffalo yesterday. They registered at Statler's Hotel and spent most of the day on the Exposition grounds. They will visit Niagara Falls tomorrow and will depart for home on Friday.
August 15: West Point's tented field in the upland near the Lincoln Parkway gate was the center of attraction for Exposition visitors this morning. Very different was the scene this morning from that which greeted the arrival of cadets in the twilight of yesterday's dawning. Reveille at 5:30 o'clock brought out the cadets to see a moving world as beautiful in its way as that which environs Camp Stolztenburg amidst the majestic scenery of the West Point plateau among the highlands of the Hudson. The sunshine filtered down through the trees, percolating among the green leaves to rest upon the green sward and the yellow brown walls of the tents. It was a brilliant picture as the cadets tumbled out at assembly.
The apotheosis of militarism was displayed to a larger, more general and more appreciative gathering at 10 o'clock when the cadets gave their first troop parade in the Esplanade. The tents had in the meantime been placed in order. The cots had been folded up and were covered with blankets and other bedding, also folded. The extra shoes were aligned in the back of the tent. The extra clothing was neatly stowed upon a board suspended from the ridge pole.
The haversack, canteen, brushes and smaller impediments were neatly piled in one corner. The guns, carefully cleaned so that a white glove passed over them would receive no smirch, were suspended by the cords that loop up the tent walls. The grounds around each tent were thoroughly policed. Match ends were picked up, cigarette stubs were buried, and straws picked up before they had a chance to show which way the wind blew. The cadets were arrayed in their full dress uniforms of gray with white web cross belts and full dress hats of the War of 1812 style, to which the Academy reverted in 1898. The officer head gear was adorned with a precise, rigid black plume and those of the privates with perky little pom-poms. Buckles and brasses were burnished until they dazzled the beholder.
Troop parade is much like dress parade, except that the companies do not pass in review before the reviewing officers. The five companies were marched from the company streets and stood at attention to on the parade ground, facing the Casino. Then the cadets marched to the Esplanade in three battalions. The ranks were then opened and presented to Capt. Sluden. The cadet officers marched to the front and were dismissed to their posts. Then the manual of arms was executed under command of Capt. Sluden. With the sunshine flashing back from the burnished arms and brasses, and with the cool gray of the uniform set off by the cool shade of the green leaves, the spectacle was one long to be remembered.
Sick calls at 9 o'clock brought no additional cases to the attention of the surgeon. Several of the cadets were on the sick list when they left Camp Stotzenburg, and are excused from military duties. The cadets and officers find the weather much cooler in Buffalo than at West Point, but find it acts as a tonic upon their vigorous constitution.
This is the first time the cadets have pitched their camp for any length of time away from West Point since they visited the Chicago World's Fair in 1893. They participated in the dedication of the Grant monument, in the Dewey parade in September 1898, and in the McKinley inaugural on the 4th day of March.
August 16 Letter to the Editor: Kindly allow a reader of your valuable paper to say a few words about the Exposition and the false idea people conceive of the city to visit the same. A small party of friends from out of town came to see us and visit the Pan-American. Many more would have come with them, but Buffalo and the Pan-American had been so badly represented to them that they dare not venture it. People told them that Buffalo is full of robbers and pickpockets, that they dare not even look at anything without paying dearly for it, that they could get nothing to eat here lest they pay from $2 to $3 for a poor meal, and that the least little trinket costs not less than $5 or $6, that every place they would go to would cost them at least 50 cents, and that unless they were lined with money, it was impossible to see anything. This Exposition is only for millionaires.
I took my friends around and went two days to the Pan-American. We saw everything on the grounds gratis, our meals at 50 cents and even 35 cents were good, and refreshments are there about like everywhere else. We were agreeably occupied the whole time. The Midway alone is the place where people can spend much money. Every one of us spent about $1.50 there, and we had more pleasure out of it than if we have spent $5 on theatrical shows. My friends left very much satisfied with the whole.
signed, Albany and Binghamton
August 17: The attention of all flower lovers is called to the extraordinarily fine exhibit of the Gladiolus now being held in the Horticulture building and the North Conservatory at the Pan-American. There are several extensive exhibits, one from the Michigan Seed Company of Grand Rapids, Mich., a larger one from the Cushman Gladiolus Company, Slyvania, Ohio, and others from Peter Henderson & Co., of New York and James Vick's Sons of Rochester. But by far the largest exhibit is by H.H. Groff of Simcoe, Ontario.
Mr. Groff is a banker and for the past 20 years has been making the Gladiolus his specialty. He has by crossing several types produced varieties that now surpass anything known in this country or Europe. He planted out especially for the Pan-American 100,000 bulbs and there is a daily exhibit of 10,000 stalks by this gentleman alone. It is within bounds to say that in quantity and quality it is the finest display of Gladiolus ever seen in this country and it excels in quality anything previously shown in the world.
Mr. Groff cultivates 16 acres in Simcoe, Ontario, and his associate, Mr. Arthur Cowee of Berlin, N.Y., also grows for him 26 acres.
August 18: Valdemar Christensen, of Buenos Aries, Argentine Republic, arrived in Buffalo on the 11th after traveling, so he says, 39,000 miles to see the Pan-American Exposition. Mr. Christensen set out from Buenos Aries June 3, 1900, with the intention of working his way to Buffalo, and started with no funds. He reached Portland, Ore, on May 6th of this year, and since then has been working his way eastward, sometimes walking long distances and occasionally stopping long enough to pay his passage to a point nearer his goal.
Christensen has credentials from Bolivian officials and hopes to get some work as an interpreter at the Pan-Am. He says that he is going to write a book on his travels when they are done, which will be when he reaches New York.
August 19: The only petrified human body in existence is on exhibition in the Chile building in the Pan-American Exposition. It is one of the marvels of science that out of all the caves in which man has dwelt since he came down the tree and took to the burrow for a home not one has preserved the figure of a remote or near member of our race.
Copper mines were worked in Chile before the discovery of America. In one of those mines a human body was found two years ago in a perfect state of petrificaction. It had been buried in a cave in the mine and turned to stone by the action of the earth and minerals by which it was surrounded. Attached to the body were the tools of the miner of that day, showing conclusively that the accident of the miner's death occurred before the advent of Columbus.
The body is that of a woman, with the back dislocated. It is covered with a green stain from the sulphate and chlorate of copper in the mine and pieces of the Llama skin garment are also stained with the same color. The parts of the body are in a good state of preservation, lacking a finger and one toe, with the skin well extended and the flesh not shriveled. Beside the body were found remains of baskets, stone sledge hammer, several stone shovels and hammers, sharpened pieces of wood and a torn bag made of hide.
The Spanish introduced metal tools for mining as soon as they conquered Chile, and it is therefore concluded that this woman was at work prior to that time. Being the only case of the kind that is of absolute authenticity, the specimen has excited great scientific interest. It will be submitted to the inspection of the public within a few days and remain in the Chile building to the end of the Exposition.
August 20: Warlike conditions in Central American between Columbia and Venezuela are brought home to people here by the shipment yesterday of a great gun from one of the ordnance buildings at the Exposition to a Columbian war party. Yesterday morning the men who are in charge of the exhibit of the Driggs & Seabury Gun and Ammunition Company of Derby, Conn., received orders to secure all necessary help to dismantle, pack and ship with the greatest possible dispatch a big 15-pound breech-loading rifle which has occupied a prominent place in the exhibit. It was apparent that the order had been placed conditional on the quickest possible delivery, and in order not to lose the sale the makers had been obliged to take the exhibit rifle.
At 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon half a dozen heavy hemlock crates surrounded Driggs and Seabury's space ready for carting. Three men, who had been working all day on the heavy piece, had finished their work with the exception of crating the last piece, the cannon proper, which had just been carefully greased with vaseline and rigged with necessary tackle to place it in the box. The freshly marked boxes bore the following address:
Cartegena, Colombia, S.A.
Care Atlas Line, Pier 55
North River, N.Y.
absence of any specific address in Colombia indicates several missing details,
which are undoubtedly in safe keeping. The engine of war will be on its
way to New York this morning.
August 21: Arrangements for the reception of President McKinley and his party and the proper observation of President's day at the Pan-American Exposition are getting into shape for publication at an early day. Chairman Edward E. Rice of the committee on ceremonies, which has the business in hand, today gave an outline of the programme.
President McKinley, accompanied by Mrs. McKinley and Dr. and Mrs. Rixey with other members of his household, will arrive in Buffalo on the evening of Sept. 4. They will be met at the station by a proper escort and conducted in carriages to Mr. Milburn's house, where they will remain during their stay in the city. President Milburn of the Exposition company will give up his home to the use of the presidential party, which will consist of 11 persons. The President will be free from ceremony during the day of his arrival.
On the morning of President's Day, Sept. 5, at 11 o'clock the President will be escorted by a body of mounted troops to the Lincoln Parkway gate. There they will be met by the entire military contingent of the Government on the grounds, by two Buffalo regiments of the National Guard and the Marine Band of Washington. The parade will then form and march through the Triumphal Bridge to the West Esplanade band stand, where the formal address of the day will be delivered by President McKinley. President Milburn will have the honor of introducing the President on this occasion. From there the procession will go on after the address to the Stadium where the President will review the military. Then he will go on to the New York State building for luncheon, given in his honor by the New York State commissioners.
Following the luncheon, the President and his party will inspect the exhibits of the Government. The doors of the Government building will be locked after 3 o'clock to clear the way for this inspection. After the inspection the President will be free until 7:30 o'clock. He will return to the Milburn house for a brief rest and family dinner. At 7:30 he will be met again at the Lincoln Parkway gat, whither he will come under escort to view the illumination.
During the afternoon, while the President is in the Government building, the Government board will give a reception in his honor.
August 22: If the exhibitors could have their way most of the selling concessions would be driven out of the exhibit buildings at the Exposition. The objections of the exhibitors are of a general nature. They don't want booths for the sale of trinkets and gew-gaws next door to their own exhibits. Besides, they argue, it cheapens the Exposition.
“I have seen dealers get outside their booths and mingle with the crowd to cap their game,” said one of the exhibitors to a NEWS reporter. “I have actually seen them buy their own merchandise from their own clerks in order to start the crowd toward buying. Besides, most of these concessionaires are Orientals, and the Exposition should not charter them to work their patrons with cheap, flashy goods.”
The other side of the story is presented by one of the Exposition officials who does not want his name published. He said, “These exhibitors are too fussy and finical. Because they paid for space to show their own exhibits for their own advantage, it is no reason that they should control all the rest of the space in the building. There are thousands of feet of space outside the exhibits, from which the Exposition Company derives a great deal of revenue, by letting it to dealers in small articles. The Exposition Company makes only one rule, that the wares be sold on the same basis as they would in any reputable department store. We do not license any one to prey on our patrons. All of the methods at all of the stands are conducted along reputable business lines. If a dealer is convicted of sharp practice his contract is thereby cancelled. If any exhibitor is dissatisfied let him turn in his space. We can sell it for twice what he gave for it.
August 23: A decided cut will be made in the salary list of the Pan-American on Sept.1. At the last meeting of the board of directors it was decided to abolish the department of publicity, including the press bureau, after Sept. 1. All employees of the department will be cut off the salary list or be transferred to other departments. All the employees who handle cash in the department of admissions and collections have been transferred to the treasurer's department.
The executive committee is still considering the elimination of the auditing department. It is probable that the department will be abolished in a few days. This action will probably involve the position of Col. Weber, who has been auditor since the department was created.
Several departments, which were important during the construction period and early days of the fair, will be consolidated with other departments, dispensing with a number of stenographers and other clerical help. Almost every department in the Exposition will feel the effects of the weeding out process. Two head of departments are involved. Supt. Wheeler of the manufacturers' department will go to Charleston and Supt. Thomas H. Moore of the machinery and transportation department, it is stated, will lose his place.
G. Edward Fuller, who has served as assistant superintendent of food products, has been transferred to the staff of the Director General and his work in that department is practically done. He will be on duty for the present in the West in connection with the work of the Director General's office. Mrs. Charles Stowe of the Director General's staff resigned a short time ago.
August 24: Mrs. Carrie Nation, saloon smasher, came to Buffalo yesterday afternoon and remained until 7:28 this morning, when she took a Central train for Syracuse. Near that town she is to speak today, unless she concludes to stop off and smash wicked Rochester. The famous, or notorious, woman left Buffalo without special imprecation on her lips, but rather with words of compliment and praise for what she had seen. Mrs. Nation came on from Cleveland and stopped at the Cheltenham.he has a manager and an advance agent and all the paraphernalia of the professional lecturer who is prosperous enough to need such luxuries...In speaking of her visit here to a NEWS reporter, she said:
“I have just stopped off here to see what the town looks like in Exposition rig. I went out to the show last night and had a very good time. Most of the time, I admit, was spent on the Midway, but it was because the exhibits are not easy to see at night and also because I had heard of the awful wickedness alleged of some of the concessions and was curious to see what it was that could shock Gen. Miles, and cause him to warn the good little West Point boys to shun the Midway. All I have to say now is that the General must be what is sometimes called a beautiful soul if he really thinks there is anything improper on the Midway. It is all a matter of taste, of course, but when men talk of being shocked over trifles and pass the enormities of liquor selling by unnoticed, I have not much concern about their sentiments with respect to demi-toilet shows.
“It is true that I go into all sorts of places to see what is going on and I speak plainly to those who are engaged in selling liquor and tobacco. I know that there are other vices to be fought but I have suffered most from the liquor fiend and I am fighting that as my specialty. You can't spread yourself all over the cussedness of society and do anything. I can't, anyway, and I am doing what I can do most effectively. I carry a hatchet as my symbol, my banner so to speak, and I think the only way to get anything done in this world is for some one to smash the way to the end desired. There is no sense in paltering with the evils around us. I am willing to go to jail half the time if I can arrest attention and persuade the people that I am in dead earnest in my work.
I had what you newspaper men call an ovation last night. The Midway concessionaires escorted me about with a band playing ragtime and it probably drew many in our train. I didn't care for that if it pleased the promoters of the reception. I do not mind the crowds that often follow me about, for it is a help in my regular work to be well-known and I took to the hatchet as my inspiration. It saved me years of effort to get acquainted so as to get a hearing since no one amounts to anything in the modern world who is not advertised.”
Mrs. Nation attached many in her rounds but contented herself with taking cigarettes out of their mouths and with exhorting them to reform.
August 25: “Say, it'd be worth while to keep a fellow stationed in the hall here and capture the bridal couples that come to get married,” an attache of the City Clerk's office remarked jokingly several days ago as he watched four couples going to Mayor Diehl's office to get married. Whether this suggestion was taken up seriously could not be learned, but this morning Mayor Diehl's poor box contains $2 less than it would if a bridal couple had been permitted to go to his office, where he was all morning, instead of the City Clerk's office.
“And I got $1 out of it,” said one of the clerks as he laughed and distributed the cigars which had been secured with the money. The ceremony was performed by Ald. Busch of the Twenty-fifth ward. Of course, there was romance in the wedding. The bride was a widow.
In reply to the formal questions she said her maiden name was Ella Stevens and her late husband's name was Hunter. She confessed to 34 years and looked as happy and joyous as a school girl when she clasped the hand of her husband, John C. Wanner of Bridgewater, Pa., 42 years old. Wanner is a glassworker by occupation, and he and his sweetheart came here to see the Fair. Her home was in Marion, Ind., but she now will live in her husband's Pennsylvania home.
When the marriage certificate book, which had been borrowed from the Mayor for the occasion, was returned, nothing was said about the $2 fee that had been collected. But, of course, that was unnecessary inasmuch as the Mayor would not levy tribute on the money even for his poor box so long as he had not done any of the work to earn it.
August 26: Miss Maud Coleman Woods, daughter of Capt. Michajah Woods of Charlottsville, Va., and known as the typical beauty of North America [on the Pan-American logo], died last night [of typhoid fever] in the country residence of the Morris family in Hanover county.
Miss Woods was 23 years old, and was educated at the Virginia Female Institution. Her disposition as retiring and it is no secret among her friends that she shrank from the publicity caused by her selection by the committee of the Pan-American Exposition as the typical beauty of North America.
August 27: After an estrangement that continued for 14 years, and which was the result of a lovers' quarrel, G.P. Norris of Bellefont, Pa., and Miss Delia Moughmer were married yesterday afternoon in Mayor Diehl's private office by His Honor. Mis Moughmer's home was in Holdiaysburg, Pa. She had not seen her lover since they quarreled, many years ago, until last Sunday evening when she was visiting the Pan-American and met him by accident on the Plaza in front of the Electric Tower. They made up on the spot, and today are on a wedding trip to the lakes. The bridegroom is 42 years old and the bride 34.
I am tired of wasting leather on these hard sidewalks of Main,
An' the many-minded Midway wakes the fever in my brain;
For I'm learnin' here in Buff'lo what the ten-day looker tells,
When you've heard the Midway callin' w'y, you won't heed nothin' else.
No, you won't heed nothin' else, but them bally-hooling yells
An' the grafters an' the camels an' the dizz-dazzly swells;
On the road to Midway town, where you plank your money down
Just to see a koochy dancer in an Oriental gown.
me somewhere east of Amherst where the best is the called the worst,
An' you'd break the Ten Commandments just to quench that fever-thirst;
For I've heard the Midway callin' an' it's there that I would be
On the mazy streets of Cairo for a jolly jubilee;
On the road to Midway town, where the good forget to frown,
An' your pulses beatin' faster when you come to Midway town;
On the road to Midway, O, it's any good ol' day
You can hear its din like thunder, and see its queer display.
August 29: About 4000 people from Medina and vicinity are at the Pan-American today, celebrating Medina Day in a way that pleases them most. Although no special programme has been prepared, yet the number of people who have deserted the village is greater than on any day in her history. The first train at 6:50 o'clock this morning was filled to overflowing, while the next which left at 7 o'clock could not carry another person.
The third followed in ten minutes, which was also followed up by a fourth as quick as the third was out of sight. Both were jammed, but the train service was good, and great credit is reflected upon the railroad people for the excellent manner in which they handled the crowd. The fifth train carried the last bunch at the depot as the sixth was filled with special parties. Many, however, remained over to take the 9:30 train in order to avoid crowding. Mayor Downs and all the Alderman have gone, in fact there are but a few stragglers left in the town, and they would have gone had it been possible. Badges were distributed until the supply was exhausted. They will be conspicuous among the visitors at the Exposition.
The special will leave the Exposition grounds on the return trip at 10:30 tonight.
August 30: Notwithstanding Director-General Buchanan's assurances to the contrary, there are no signs on any of the Exposition buildings whereby a visitor may distinguish one from another.
On Tuesday a NEWS reporter laid before the Director General a number of complaints from Exposition visitors from every part of the United States and Canada concerning the difficulty they encountered in making their way through the grounds and finding whatever exhibits they might be particularly interested in. The advisability was suggested of signs begin placed upon or near the various buildings to designate their nature or that of their contents. Mr. Buchanan said, “That is already being attended to. Signs have been placed upon some of the buildings and others are being painted for the rest.”
This morning in a tour of the grounds not a sign was to be found upon any of the buildings, save the State buildings, Midway shows and buildings from which the Exposition expects to make a direct profit by visitors entering them. Wherever there is anything to be sold in which the Exposition Company is a silent partner with the concessionaire, signs rise up and fairly hit the visitor in the eye, but upon the main exhibit buildings there are none.
There are signs upon the restaurants. The Exposition company gets 25 per cent of their gross receipts. There are signs upon the toilet buildings. The Exposition has a charge of 5 cents for two-thirds of the accommodations therein.
There are signs directing visitors to the life saving drill, to the fireworks, to the lake. In all these the Exposition has sources of profit. If the visitor wants to find the fisheries exhibit, the automobiles, the locomotives, the big diamonds, the swords of Schley and Dewey, or the buildings in which they are located, he may “go ask”.
And, in asking, he has his trouble for his pains when he goes to a Pan-American patrolman for information. Col. Byrnes might with profit to patrolmen and public alike put the former through a daily drill in the location of the buildings and exhibits. How they could be here for three months and remain so densely ignorant of the whereabouts of the most noted buildings and exhibits, an ignorance which they betray thousands of times daily when strangers apply to them for information, would seem unbelievable if it were not exhibited day in and day out. At any hour of the day and in any part of the grounds these dialogues may be heard.
- Will you please tell me where the Machinery building is?
Patrolman - I dunno where it is.
Visitor - Can you inform me where the Manufactures building is?
Patrolman - It's over there (pointing in the wrong direction).
The only imaginable reason for the exhibit buildings not being lettered in the first place is the advisory board of architects, the director of color and others decided that signs might jar the ensemble, and produce a discord in the color scheme. However, the Exposition Company has seen fit to stick up other gaudy signs wherever they would help the financial end of the Exposition.
August 31: President McKinley's Day, Sept.5, will see the most dazzling display of fireworks at the Pan-American Exposition that has ever been attempted here or elsewhere.
Pain, the official Exposition pyrotechnical prestigitator, has been laboring for weeks on a mighty scheme to dazzle the multitudes assembled on that day. The programme which he has evolved contemplates fireworks for both the afternoon and evening.
In the afternoon a Presidential salute of 21 guns will be fired in the Esplanade. This will be followed by the Pan-American salute of 500 shells charged with gun cotton.
The evening's programme is one calculated to leave the occasion carved in letters of fire upon the memory of everyone present. The special features arranged are :
A mammoth portrait of President McKinley traced in fire, with the American flag festooned and draped about the picture, all in gorgeous colors of red, white and blue.
A gigantic representation in fire of the Falls of Niagara, 1200 feet long, extending clear across Park Lake, with the Cary poster, “The Spirit of Niagara,” in the center.
A monster device, occupying a 1000-foot front out in the lake, representing the power of the American Navy. It will show the fiery outlines of 22 of the most famous of the modern United States war vessels, giving salutes and navel gun practice. This is one of the largest pyrotechnical devices ever created, and will be given on this occasion for the first time.
At intervals the surface of the lake will be convulsed and rent apart by submarine explosions, which will throw tons of water hundreds of feet into the air. As the drops descend they will be played upon by colored searchlights, transforming them into cloudbursts of diamonds, sapphires, rubies and emeralds.
Flights of shells will also be constantly sent up, with 5, 10, 20 and even 50 shells in a flight, bursting aloft with cloud-rending detonations.
will be special illuminations of the Lake and its environments, the whole
constituting the climax of Pan-American fireworks.
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