July 1: Canada celebrates her conquest of Buffalo by denominating this first day of July and the first of the reign of His Brittanic Majesty King Edward VII as Dominion Day at the Exposition. The conquest was a peaceful one. In general outline it was patterned after the Gen. Miles campaign in Porto Rico, lacking only the tropical gush of the Porto Ricans. The 48th Highlanders did it. When they struck town yesterday Buffalo surrendered. Those intimidating busbies, those bonnie red jackets, the irresistible kilties, those stall-fed calves, the far-gleaming knees, those husky shoulders - there was no use in opposing such an aggregation of manly attractions and Buffalo surrendered gracefully. In triumph then, while the merry musicians nodded their plumes and played "God Save the King" and "Blue Bonnets Over the Border," the gallant Highlanders marched to the camp near Lincoln Parkway with a cadence that shook the earth.
There was a lilting swagger to their tread that was particularly edifying to behold. When the band was not playing, the soldiers swung along as if keeping time to the refrain..
Today the British flag floats from the flagstaff in the West Esplanade, and its splendors gleam afar, also, from the flagstaff near the Electric Tower. The weather is as fine as if it had been made to order for the Canadian visitors. The sun is hot, but a cool breeze tempers the heat.
The 48th Regiment Highlanders, one of two kilted regiments in Canada, left Toronto 10 o'clock over the Grand Trunk road yesterday and reached the railroad gate of the Pan-American Exposition at 1:30 o'clock. The regiment left Toronto 507 strong - officers and men - and traveled in a special train of 13 cars - 10 passenger coaches, one parlor car for the officers, a baggage car and a Palace horse coach for the officers' horses.
The Highlanders presented a brave appearance when they left the train at the Pan-American. Their uniform consists of red coat, plaid kilt of the Davidson Tartan, black and red stockings, white canvas half-leggings, and black ostrich feather bonnets. The troops were in heavy marching order with full armament and equipment. Maj. Wolf met them at the railroad gate and a squad of Exposition guards were present to escort them to the camp. The Sunday crowds, which seemed smaller than usual, gave the Canadian soldiers a hearty welcome and played "The Invincible Eagle" as they marched across the Esplanade. The famous 48th Highlander Band responded with a composite piece, containing prettily blended strains of "God Save Our King" and "Yankee Doodle Dandy".
July 2: Five persons were overcome by the heat at the Exposition grounds yesterday, but in each case the patient recovered soon after being taken to the Exposition hospital on the grounds. The prostration occurred in the following order: Russell J. Thomas, 11 years old, of Akron, O.; Edward E. Locke, 34 years old, of Chicago; Helen Loveland, 3 years old, of Peru, Ind., with her parents visiting at 148 Anderson Place; Mrs. Edward Bentz, 48 years old, of Plymouth, Mass.; and Dorothy Northrope, 19 years old, of 627 Ellicott Street.
The maximum temperature registered at the hospital was 91.2 degrees. The Exposition officials are planning to sprinkle the walks oftener.
Joseph Hotchkiss, a painter of 236 Bird Avenue, was overcome by heat while working on the New York Central trestle near Scajaquada Creek. Somebody telephoned for the Homeopathic Hospital ambulance, but Hotchkiss was revived before the ambulance arrived, and he refused to go to the hospital. This was the only case of heat prostration reported in the city outside the Exposition grounds.
July 3: New York's stately marble palace overlooking the North Bay of the Park Lake will be finished today. The painters are laying on the last leaflets of gold upon the frieze of the grand hallway, and charwomen are scrubbing the tiles floors. Other brisk workers are removing the wrappings from articles of furniture which will be installed in their respective places before sunset. Every arrangement is calculated with the view of having the building complete in every detail when the sun rises on the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence tomorrow.
The first public function in the building will take place on Friday night, when Hon. C.R. Skinner, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, will give a reception there to the members of the New York State Teachers' Association.
Charles E. Glynn of Oswego, the registry clerk of the building, opened the registration book yesterday. 252 persons registered the first day. The first name registered was that of Mrs. M.A. Sprague of New York.
Ground was broken for the handsome edifice early in the spring of 1900, and the first work upon the building was begun on the 26th of June.
The landscape surrounding the New York State building is an ideal one. A steep bank of fresh green sod leads from the driveway in front of the building down to where the ripples of North Bay break upon the strand. This bluff runs eastward, turning gradually toward the south to embrace the Gala Water, and being fringed with noble trees. Near the building are three pieces of sculpture, "Aspiration," "Intelligence," and "Progress." "Aspiration" stands on the north side. It is by Mrs. Harry Payne Whitney of New York and shows a male figure standing with eyes lifted toward the heavens and with upturned palms expressive of human longing after divine ideals. "Intelligence" is by Edwin F. Elwell of New York and stands on the south side. A female figure sits upon a throne, holding a ball in the left hand representing the divine and perfect law from which crude man came. An open book in the lap represents natural intelligence among men. The feet of the goddess "Intelligence" rest upon a stool with swine's feet representing the lowest forms of intelligence. "Progress", by Hendrick Christian Anderson of Newport, R.I., is a colossal group showing a naked youth bestriding a powerful horse typefying man's mastery and use of Nature.
All the lawns are studded with flower beds and the spacious porticos on the north and south contain glossy green bay trees in tubs.
July 4: Program
for the Exposition July 4 Celebration
2:30 p.m. - Athletic games and lacrosse championship contest in the Stadium
7:30 p.m. Combined evening parade on the Esplanade of the United States Coast Artillery, Marine Corps and Hospital Corps, led by the combined 65th and 74th Regimental Bands, under the leadership of Drum Major August Schneider of the 74th Regiment.
8 p.m. - Band concert on the Esplanade with the Havana Municipal Police Band in the East Esplanade band stand.
8:30 p.m. Sousa's Band in the Stadium. During the concert the American flag will be displayed under searchlight. Sousa's Band will play "The Star-Spangled Banner" and the audience will sing as the banner is lighted up by searchlights.
9 p.m. Fairy illumination of the lake front and islands with Japanese lanterns, electric fountain and electric lights.
July 5: Two sheets of rare United States postage stamps, valued at $3000, were stolen sometime Wednesday night from the Postoffice exhibit in the Government Building at the Exposition. As soon as the theft was discovered, it was reported to the Pan-American detective force, and to Supt. Bull. A special agent of the secret service department has also been summoned from Washington to follow up the case.
Two guards are constantly on duty in the Government Building at night, and as the theft was of such character that it could not have been accomplished within much less than a half hour, the fact that the work was done so quietly as not to be discovered by the guards, appears rather surprising.
Philatelists are naturally greatly interested in the collection of United States postage stamps exhibited by the Postoffice Department for it was the only complete collection of United States stamps in existence. This exhibit was shown in frames which swing on a pivot, a case similar to that used by the police for rogues' galleries. The case which was robbed stands in the extreme rear of the postal exhibit. It was no light undertaking, the theft of the stamps. Each of the nine frames, 19x24, which held the collection, were hinged to an iron pillar. The stolen frames had been wrenched from the post and the stamps taken by opening the frames from the back, the same means by which they had been inserted.
The theft was discovered yesterday morning by one of the attendants. Search was at once instituted and one of the stamp frames was found behind the old stage coach. The other frame was found on the lawn on the south side of the Government building.
The stolen stamps comprised part of the most valuable exhibit in the Postal Department. They belong to private stamp collectors and were loaned for exhibition at the Pan-American Exposition by the owners.
A list of the stolen stamps will be sent out today to all the stamp collectors and dealers in the United States and Canada so they may be on the lookout if any of the stolen stamps are offered for sale.
July 6: It is being arranged to establish a creche for infants in arms at the Exposition. The necessity of the arrangement was demonstrated long ago, but the Exposition was embarrassed by the difficulty of finding anybody to take hold of it. It was suggested at first to make it an adjunct to the Women's building and have it become part of the duties of the Board of Women Managers to show how babies should be looked after. The Board of Women Managers, however, met the proposition with a frost. "No, thank you - we have troubles enough of our own," was their reply to the invitation to become creche managers.
The proposition now is to have the care of the babies become a part of the hospital management. Two large tents will be pitched, the one near the hospital and the other near the Women's Building. Miss Adella Walters, superintendent of the hospital, will have general oversight of the creche.
Dr. Roswell Park denounces as unwarranted and malicious the statement in a morning paper that when persons have called at the hospital to inquire for missing friends they have been met with a refusal on the part of the hospital management to tell whether the missing ones are in the hospital or not.
"The statement was inspired out of revenge because we have refused to give to the press the names of persons who have been brought to the hospital when the patients expressed a wish that their names not be published," said Dr.Park. "Many of the patients don't want friends to be worried by exaggerated reports as to their condition. If the patients are willing we give their names, not otherwise. It is the same as in any hospital.
July 7: Detroit. Because there is an Exposition in Buffalo this year there is a servant girl famine in Detroit. There is the same famine in cities nearer the Exposition than this, and why the boom times in household work should affect Detroit, so far away, isn't easy to see, but good servants, or in fact any servants at all, are nearly as scarce as hen's teeth, and the housewives who are doing their own work say that it is all due to the Pan-American fair.
Two months ago there were lots of servants here, and competent ones were content to earn $3 a week. Now all that has changed. It became known that there were plenty of places in Buffalo in which a servant could earn $5 and $6 a week, have plenty of nights out, and see the Exposition and all the gay sights in the bargain.
That settled it. The servants announced with unanimity that they were going to spend the summer in Buffalo with their aunt, and now many housekeepers have closed their homes for the summer owing to the scarcity of trained help, the employment bureaus are sending up distress signals, and lots of women who never expected to do their own work are doing it as cheerfully as may be now, and making the best of it.
All that the sufferers have to suggest is that this is a golden opportunity for girls from the country to secure easy jobs at good wages. Summer is a hard time for girl-helpers on a farm, and an easy time for servants in town. There are a score of cities near Buffalo in the same difficulties that Detroit is in, and in consequence hundreds of good places open to such girls if they want to take them. With a little training they can fit themselves for top places in a labor market where the supply of experts is never equal to the demand, and the reward is large in proportion.
July 8: With one-third of the Pan-American Exposition gone, the views of the concessionaires concerning its success or failure up to date and prospective are now appropriate and timely. The concessionaire is your real Exposition expert. As the astrologer reads the past, present and future in the stars, and as the haruspex divines them in the livers of slain animals, so the concessionaire reads them in quality and bulk of the business done at the turnstiles.
In an interview with two of these this morning the NEWS reporter obtained the following estimate. The interviewed were Fritz Mueller of "Pabst-in-the-Midway" and Frederick Thompson of "The Trip to the Moon".
"I'm not kicking, mind,"> began Fritz Mueller, "but the Pan-American is not going to have the attendance we were led to expect. I have done better than most of my neighbors on the Midway, but I haven't done what I had reason to expect I would do.
"Take the Fourth, for instance. I took in $400 more at Omaha on that day than I did here. I fully expected to take in $1000 more here than I did at Omaha. That is the difference between expectation and realization.
"Between you and me the crowds are not going to roll in here as they were expected to. See how it was Saengerfest week. There ought to have been at least 100,000 here every day. With all the strangers in town and the attractions here the Exposition ought to have boomed. Well, it didn't. As I said before, I have no kick coming because I am doing better than the majority, but things are not coming as swift as I looked to see them. What is the reason of it? Don't ask me. I wouldn't give $5 on the hundred for any stock in the Exposition."
Mr. Thompson of "The Trip to the Moon" said, "I look to see the attendance improve from now on. Things are coming about as I expected them. I didn't look for any crowds before July and am not disappointed. The Trip to the Moon is doing all I expected. The average days here are doing better than the best days at Omaha.
"I shall make good on my investment with the average days and have the best days for my profit. I think every concession will pull out with some profit except some of those deluded ones that should not have started up at all.
July 9: The Martha P. Thomas Pan-American Club of Peru, Ind., which arrived here last night, can claim the distinction of being the first organization of the kind to visit the Exposition. Similar clubs will doubtless make their appearance here before the Pan-American is over, but the Peru club is the first on the spot.
There are 126 members of the club, young ladies and children. They arrived last evening in three special cars, and after reporting to their boarding places, which had been engaged in advance, they congregated at the Buffalo Library and visited the Exposition grounds in a body, entering through the Lincoln Parkway gate and arriving in the Esplanade just in time to witness the illuminations.
"The club was formed just a year ago," said Miss Thomas, who organized the club. "We have 64 charter members, and when the aims of the organization became known the membership rapidly increased. Each member was required to deposit with the treasurer $1 each week, that amount to be credited to the depositor. This gave us $52 from each of the members. During the winter we gave several entertainments and instituted a lecture course. By the time the Exposition opened we were all prepared, financially, to visit the big show. A large number of our members are shop girls and not a few of them clerks. There are nine men in the party, and we are also acting as chaperones to several children whose parents are unable to come to the Exposition, but who desired that their children see the show."
July 10: Directors of the Exposition met yesterday afternoon in the Service building, following a meeting of the executive committee of the Pan-American and discussed the railroad situation. It was decided that something should be done at once to bring the subject of railroad rates, as they affected the Exposition, to the attention of the railroads at once. They appointed a committee to attend to this, with full power to act. The committee consists of J.N. Scatcherd, chairman; W. Caryl Ely, Henry J. Pierce, Edmund Hayes, Frank H. Goodyear, and George Urban, Jr.
The committee was empowered to go to the meeting of the railroad traffic managers and present the situation collectively. Later the committee met and organized and decided to meet again today at the Service building. It is probable that a division of the work will be made, part of the committee to go to New York and part to the meeting of the traffic managers.
July 11: The banking committee has approved the proposition to reduce the Sunday admission to 25 cents, and the new rate will go into effect next Sunday. This was the decision of the committee at a meeting held yesterday afternoon at the Service building.
It was decided to try the effect of the reduction, and if the results are what is anticipated it will be permanent. If not, the old rate of 50 cents will be restored after the first of August.
There are three more Sundays in July. This will be time enough to try the low rate. A new ticket will be used. It is a pink ticket and will be sold to all at the one price of 25 cents, adults and children. There will be no reduction of this rate for children.
In explaining their action the directors state that they desire to extend the patronage of the Exposition to the workingmen of Buffalo, to whom the priced of 50 cents was a barrier. On Sunday all the buildings will be open except the Government building. All the Midway attractions will be closed, but the Art Gallery and the band concerts and the organ recital, al of which are of the highest standard, are good features of interest. The Midway restaurants will be open also, and Alt Nurnberg, which was closed last Sunday, will be open during the afternoon and evening, and the Royal Bavarian Band will give a popular concert beginning at 5 o'clock.
July 12: Miss Lena Hall, a school teacher 23 years of age, of Antwerp, N.Y., who is here visiting the Pan-American Exposition, had an exciting experience with a burglar in a tent in the rear of 76 North Norwood avenue early this morning. She shouted for assistance, but no one heard her, and the burglar succeeded in making his escape, taking with him $100 worth of jewelry belonging to Miss Hall.
Miss Hall came to Buffalo a few days ago and went to stay at the place mentioned. All the rooms in the house were taken and Miss Hall was told that the only space left was a tent in the back yard. Not wanting to waste time looking for better quarters, she rented the tent for a week.
She spent all yesterday at the fair grounds and did not return until late last night. In the tent is a bed, dresser and wash stand. When Miss Hall retired she removed her jewelry and placed it in the dresser drawer. Shortly after 4 o'clock this morning she was awakened by the noise of a man prying open the dresser drawer. She looked and was horrified to see a burglar. She made an outcry and he threatened to kill her if she did not keep still. In fear of her life she then remained quiet.
The burglar carried away her gold watch, coin purse with small amount of money, a diamond ring and two gold rings set with pearls. The police of the Delevan Avenue Station were notified this morning and all the detectives in the city were working on the case.
July 13: Tomorrow evening will see the Exposition invaded by a host of Rochester wheelmen. The third annual century run, under the auspices of the Sidepaths of the Flower City, will have the Rainbow City as its objective point.
The party, which will probably consist of 100 members, will leave Rochester early tomorrow morning, and under competent pacemakers will take a roundabout ride to Buffalo, reaching here about 5 o'clock in the afternoon, after covering an even 100 miles. Free sleeping accommodations will be provided the wheelmen at Camp Comfort for the night and they will return to Rochester by wheel or train on Monday morning.
A handsome souvenir medal, lettered, "Sidepath Pan-American Run", will be furnished those who finish the ride within the time limit. After dinner tomorrow evening the wheelmen will visit the Pan-American Exposition in a body and view the illumination.
July 14 Letter to the editor: 'It is truly too bad that a charming little village like Kenmore should be so abused by many of Buffalo's citizens. I understand that this place has been struggling for various aids from Buffalo which might be granted by the turning of a hand, but which have been denied over and over again. Kenmore is certainly a most deserving suburb and will make a most creditable annexation to Buffalo some day. It would be humane for Buffalo to grant Kenmore the privileges of water, say nothing of other ways she might help her struggling sister. I say human because Kenmore has no access to good water. Could good wells be had the story might be a different one but they cannot be had.
Aside from this the thing that is trying the patience of the good people of Kenmore more than anything else is the action of many of the police officers and street car conductors in directing people who want to come out here for rooms during their visit to the big show. There are cases on record where police officers on important corners on Main street, on being asked how to get to Kenmore, have replied that Kenmore is away outside the city 10 or 12 miles away, and one even went so far as to say that one might as well go to Niagara Falls as to Kenmore for rooms.
Then many private individuals have said all kinds of wrong things about Kenmore trying to persuade visitors that they would not be satisfied here and in many cases succeeded in sidetracking people who had their rooms already spoken for at Kenmore. As a visitor and one who has been at Kenmore for two weeks I think these erroneous ideas and misleading statements should be corrected and so I trust your "Everybody's Column" may be open to a few words from one who does not live in Buffalo, but who in his home town reads with interest your valuable paper.
Kenmore, as I have seen it after two weeks' stay, is a most charming suburb of Buffalo. It is in full view of all the main buildings of the Exposition and the electrical display and fireworks are superb from here. The East Amherst gate is reached in 9 minutes and the West Amherst in about 15.
The air is fine and bracing, even on extremely hot days. It is quiet and a most charming place to sleep aftre a day's tramp at the Fair. Anyone who says Kenmore is an out-of-the-way place or unhandy to reach from the Exposition or the city knows nothing of the facts of the case. The Buffalo officials certainly ought to be informed concerning how to reach here at least and the street car conductors above all others should know, as one of the street car lines of the city passes right through the heart of the suburb.
July 15: All the spielers of the Midway and Free Midway and a thousand more people besides attended the picnic of the Talkers and Lecturers' Association at Eagle Park, Grand Island, yesterday. It is estimated that the attendance was not less than 2000. Not a person was killed and only one man was injured.
All the distinguished members of the profession were there, including King Tobin, wearing a luxurious Panama, "Mayor" George Hamilton and Professah Alexander Hamilton. There was nothing doing until the first 15 barrels of beer had been consumed. Then somebody started something. In a jiffy the barkers had shaken off their lethargy and everybody took a punch or two. In the main the beer bottles and beer glasses missed fire. One or two scalp wounds indicated the exceptions.
These were the only incidents, however, without which the affair would have been considered tame and in consideration of which the picnic was voted a success.
July 16: Charles Lee, general passenger agent of the Lehigh Valley railroad, was at the Iroquois this morning. Mr. Lee derides the complaint of the Buffalo people that the railroads are responsible for the lack of patronage of the Exposition.
"Railroad rates are low enough," said Mr. Lee. "Buffalo people are foolish in their impatience because the attendance is not larger. Rates are just as favorable for the Pan-American as they have been for any exposition ever held in this country. The railroads are doing practically all the business they can handle. As a matter of fact all the patronage is coming from the outside. Buffalo people are the ones not attending the Exposition. Anybody who has looked into the matter will tell you that this is true. I have spent most of my time for the last two months traveling over our lines and from what I have observed the Exposition is suffering a black eye, in the first place from the weather and in the second place because the Exposition was not finished on time. People say, and I have heard them say, O, the Exposition is not finished. I am not going until later in the season. This Exposition will be a great success. The people are coming, but it is too early. Just at present the farmers are all busy and the vacation period has hardly commenced."
Speaking of the prevailing rates, Mr. Lee says it is not true that the rates are high, either for long or short points. He cited that the rate made by the Lehigh for New York, which is 900 miles for round trip, is only $9, or virtually a cent a mile. For parties of a hundred or more, there is a rebate of a dollar, making the rate less a cent a mile. This rate of a cent a mile, he said, could be taken as a fair average of rates generally and he declared that he did not believe that the rates would be any lower.
July 17: Every seat in the Temple of Music was occupied and the aisles and lobbies in the rear and in the galleries were packed for the Chautauqua Day exercises. The crowd listened attentively during the hour of music under the direction of Dr. H.R. Palmer, of the Chautauqua School of Music and at the end, owing to the heat, left the Temple almost deserted for the second and third parts of the programme. The presence of Dr. Sherwood at the piano was evidently the main attraction and the audience listened to his number with rapt attention.
After the musical programme Director-General Buchanan, in a brief and witty speech, welcomed the Chautauquans to the Pan-American Exposition. He said that every man who had reached the age of maturity and who stood for anything knew what Chautauqua meant to the youth of this country. He declared he would do all that he could for the comfort and convenience of the Chautauquans except to try to control the Weather Bureau.
Prof. Clarke of the Chautauqua School of Expression followed with a short address on the Chautauqua atmosphere. He described the idea that was behind the Chautauqua movement as one intended to supply instruction, cultivation, inspiration and recreation under ideal conditions. It was a sort of camp meeting, some people thought. It was a camp meeting, if by a camp meeting was meant that which would take the mind if the individual away from the strenuous life to higher and better things. It is an institution marked for spirituality without cant, protection without fraternalism, liberty without license, freedom in association between men and women without the conventional restrictions of modern life.
What is its atmosphere, he asked, what are the components which represent its ozone and its oxygen and its hydrogen? What they are can be answered by those who have been there. No one can be in Chautauqua a day without getting the Chautauqua fever. It is a vast clearninghouse for educational ideas. It is a place where a teacher can't stop teaching. It is a vast consultation green where all who have, long to give. Teaching at Chautauqua does not stop at the lecture room - it is continued at the boarding house. It is not all the teaching of subject matter - the teacher imparts part of his personality to his pupils. It is essentially the communal life. It was founded for the purpose of giving comradeship, good fellowship. People are never introduced at Chautauqua, they simply meet and say, “Howdy”.
Following Prof. Clarke, Editor
Bray of the Chautauquan explained by the aid of an enormous map, which
covered up two spaces in the Temple of Music Gallery, the plan and scope
of a Chautauqua education. The third part of the programme was devoted
to the athletic exhibition, illustrative of the methods of instruction
in the Chautauqua physical class.
July 18: The Midway will be kept closed on Sundays. This is the announcement made by Director-General Buchanan, to whom has been committed the enforcement of Exposition regulations, to a NEWS reporter today. Director-General Buchanan reached his office in the Service Building this afternoon after a conference with a number of the directors this morning. The Midway matter was not mentioned at that meeting, he said.
“As to all this talk about opening next Sunday, it is written, ‘Why do the heathen rage and the people imagine a vain thing’?” said the Director-General. “The matter has not been brought before me officially, but I have not received any instructions, and the old ones read that an amusement concession cannot be opened on Sunday. If an attempt is made next Sunday or any Sunday thereafter to open any of them, the attempt will be baffled.
How about the threat to arrest the president and directors of the Exposition if the Midway is not allowed to be opened.
“I have not read about that interesting proposition, but I should judge it would be calculated to add zest to the life of the Exposition officials. So far as I have heard none of them has resigned yet in anticipation of that threat being carried out.”
This morning one of the Exposition officials went down the line, conciliating the Midwayites into a better frame of mind.
Robert L. Freyer, of the Board of Directors of the Exposition was asked this morning by a NEWS reporter what had been done by the board with regard to opening the Midway on Sunday. Mr. Freyer said, “The matter has no been mentioned in board meeting and when the board does meet again I think it will not be mentioned. The subject has not been considered at all and I do not think it will be touched. I do not care to say anything more, and in fact there is no more to say."
July 19: A family of triplets arrived at the Infant Incubators this morning from New York City. They are good healthy girls, and they weigh altogether nine pounds. They came in a special compartment in the Lackawanna express, which arrives at Buffalo at 7:45 o'clock, attended by their mother and three trained nurses. The babies are seven months' children. They are 12 days old, and from appearances they have good chances of living if treated in the ordinary way, but the mother feared for them and, having heard of the incubators, she posted off to Buffalo as soon as she was able, and here they are.
The little mites of girls are Roumanians. They have black hair and a good deal of it for babies of their dimensions. They all look alike even to their mother who had them marked for identification so that there would be no mix up in the sleeping cars. Dr. Coney was on duty at the Incubators when they arrived. He was overjoyed at the coming of his guests and he immediately prepared the central three incubators for their reception. Never before has the incubator had a guest from so great a distance. All the nurses were delighted to do the babies honor in the way of getting out soft wrappings and safety devices for their comfort.
At 10 o'clock the three girls were sleeping soundly in their berths. They are duly numbered and recorded in the books of the institution, but in order to be known by their mother who will be a constant attendant on them as she looks through the glass at her babies, Dr. Coney fixed a black bow on the dress of Rebecca, a red one for Rose and a white one for Sophia.
July 20: On Monday the first concession in Exposition railroad rates goes into effect, the New York Central and the Lackawanna having taken the initiative. This action is said to be the result of an important meeting of the general passenger agents of the large Eastern roads in New York Thursday.
Yesterday Harry Parry, general agent for the New York Central, announced that beginning next Monday tickets will be sold for daily excursions from all points between Syracuse and Canandaigua on the Auburn division and Syracuse and Fairport on the main line, and the time will be extended on all tickets east of Fairport one day over the two-day limit. Tickets will be sold every day of the week instead of only three days a week as heretofore.
F.P. Fox, division passenger agent for the Lackawanna, has likewise received notice of important changes. Taking effect July 22, tickets will be sold from all stations east of Washington, N.J., Tuesdays and Thursdays of each week instead of Tuesdays only, as heretofore. The transportation will be valid three days instead of two. The five-day coach excursions, Washington and Boston inclusive, will be sold on Tuesdays and Saturdays instead of Tuesdays as at present. On the Syracuse division five-day coach excursion tickets from all stations, between Binghamton and Hornell to Buffalo will be in effect daily instead of only twice a week, as has been the rule since the Inauguration of the Exposition rates. Similar changes have been made concerning other territory covered by the Lackawanna system.
Other big trunk lines entering Buffalo are expected to announce similar arrangements within a day or two.
July 21: Advice
for Pan-Americans and Others –
1. Let moderation be the watchword.
2. Eat but two meals a day, leaving out the hearty breakfast or midday meal. Make best meal in the evening.
3. Abstain from alcohol stimulants during the day - if feeling the necessity of stimulation take cup of warm tea or small amount of whiskey.
4. Refrain from indulgence in ice cold drinks. Drinks just cooled by ice are preferable.
5. Eat flesh meat but once per day.
6. Partake of plenty of fresh vegetables and fruit.
7. Bathe twice a day - morning and evening. Use sponge bath with tepid water and with soap once to keep skin clean and active.
8. Keep out of the sun as much as possible.
9. Take care that the bowels are kept normally active.
10. So long as you perspire freely there is no danger of prostration.
11. The enervation brought about during the hot term is often followed by sickness toward the end of summer or in the fall. Endeavor to keep the bodily functions normally active.
12. Don't hurry! Don’t worry!
July 22: Clean and bright as the world upon the eighth day of creation was the Pan-American Exposition this morning after last night's showers. When the storm rolled up, the lights upon the Electric Tower, which are often left burning far into the night watches, were turned off, and everything was reefed and close-hauled in expectation of an onslaught of lightning upon the electric wires. The Fire and Police departments held themselves in readiness to dash out in case lightning arrestors failed to perform their functions and so cause a fire in any of the combustible structures. However, although the flashes of lightening were incessant and the thunder growled ominously, the storm rolled over without inflicting any damage, and was succeeded by quieter showers toward daybreak.
The effect upon the Exposition landscape, and even upon the buildings, was noticeable this morning. The red-tiled roofs looked newly washed, and lost the grimy appearance which they have been wearing lately from the smoky atmosphere. The flowers and grass, however, showed the benefits of the visitation most. Places where the lawns that have been changing from the wonted fresh green to a sickly yellow of late, fresh verdant once more at sunrise. The flowers in the rose gardens looked revived, and those in the margins of the lagoons, lakes and in the wooded isles looked as vigorous as ever adorned a northern wonderland.
Yesterday's experience at the Exposition was a revelation to many in that it disclosed how cool the Exposition is when compared with the rest of the country. There were 29,000 visitors in the grounds, but no one would have guessed there were so many present. The reason was, they forsook the heated Midway and the torrid stretches of the Esplanade and the Courts, and scattered themselves among the cooler haunts. The shady slopes around the North Bay and Gala Water sheltered thousands. They sat upon the benches or stretched themselves upon the green sward and listened to the music of the distant bands and watched the Electric Fountain and the gondolas and launches glide over the water.
Others sought the wooded isle, rich with the perennial flowers of the North, where breezes wandered beneath the shady trees. The pergolas had their contingent, and the canals and lake had their boating parties. It was the coolest-looking crowd, taken all in all, that could be found anywhere else in the country South of Labrador, and on every hand were heard praises of the Exposition as a summer resort.
July 23: Director-General Buchanan will not become the head of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis. To set at rest all uncertainty as to whether he will or will not accept the position, the Director-General has authorized the publication of the following statement, which was made in response to a question on the subject.
“Under no circumstances and upon no conditions would I consent to become officially connected with the St. Louis Exposition. I have seen it stated that a sufficient offer of salary would induce me to continue the work in which I have been engaged during the past summer. That is entirely erroneous. Salary is not a matter of consideration. The duties of a director-general of a big exposition are more trying than can be realized by anyone who has never undertaken them, and I am in need of a rest, and shall insist upon having one.
“The question becomes one of physical possibilities, and a man must judge his own capacity for continuous effort and strain. I have reached the limit, and you may say without reservation, as I have said before, that I am not considering the position. I shall not do so. Such a proposition may just as well be taken entirely from the slate. I expect to go to South America late this year, and while there it is possible that I may be able to serve the St. Louis Exposition unofficially..."
July 24: O.E. Skiff, agent for Pain's Manhattan Beach Fireworks Company, today stated to a reporter the he would positively guarantee that the human bomb feature advertised for Midway Day at the Pan-American would be seen. A man will ascend in a bomb four feet in diameter to a height of 2000 feet, where the bomb will explode, releasing the man, who will descend to the earth with the aid of a parachute, in a pyrotechnic shower. No mortar and powder will be used to project the bomb, although powder will be used to burst the bomb and release the man. The bomb, with the contents, weighs about 200 pounds. It is made of wicker work and has an inner shell, which contains the man and serves to protect him from the explosion which bursts the bomb. The powder to burst the bomb is between the two shells. A parachute breaks the man's fall.
A balloon is used to carry the bomb to its height. A time fuse cuts the rope and released the bomb. An instant later the fuse sets fire to the inner bomb and the explosion takes place. There is a burst of flame, sparks innumerable and noises never before heard in the pyrotechnic world. Suddenly the form of a man appears descending from the sky. The drop is swift and sudden. Then the parachute opens slowly, the pace slackens and the daring aeronaut descends to earth.
Leo Stevens, Pain's balloonist, has made repeated experimental ascents, but never in public. It will be done for the first time at the Pan-American on Midway Day.
Mr. Skiff is negotiating with the executive committee for the production at the Pan-American of the aeroplane flight around the Electric Tower. This feat was performed in Paris around the Eiffel Tower, but it has never been done in public in America. Pain has an aeroplane which he claims can be manipulated successfully. Leo Stevens is the engineer."
July 25: At the opening of the Pan-American Exposition at Buffalo, John Bohne, 17 years old, of 373 Hamburg Avenue, Brooklyn, made up his mind that he would see the fair. He requested his parents for money enough to carry him there, but could not induce them to part with it. Several weeks ago, however, John was reported missing from his home. His mother later discovered that $20 had been stolen from her trunk. She notified the police and a warrant was issued for the boy's arrest.
Yesterday, John returned home and was immediately arrested and locked up in the Hamburg Avenue Station. This morning he was arraigned before Justice O'Reilly in the Manhattan Avenue Court and charged with petit larceny. John pleaded guilty. He admitted taking the money and said that he had visited the Exposition at Buffalo and was greatly pleased with his trip. "
July 26: Jumbo II, the big elephant that will hereafter be king of the herd at Bostock's Animal Show, arrived in Buffalo at an early hour this morning and about noon was transported through the streets to the Exposition grounds. Twenty-nine heavy truck horses drew the wagon on which Jumbo II was carried. Curious crowds lined the streets from the depot at Carroll and Chicago streets to the grounds.
The elephant was penned up in an immense plank box and only his ears protruded. Nevertheless from the size of the box and from the evident way in which it cramped the beast it was easy for even the casual observer to note that he is a worthy successor to the name Jumbo. Bostock claims that he is as big as the original elephant of that name.
While in New York Tuesday, it is said, Jumbo killed a horse, breaking from his pen while intoxicated with a native spirit distilled from the sap of a cocoanut palm which had been given to him by his keepers.
July 27: Yumeto Kushibiki, the general manager of “Fair Japan”, the Japanese Village at the Exposition, fell under an Elmwood Avenue trolley car this morning and the wheels passed over his left leg, crushing it so badly that the surgeons at the Sisters' Hospital where he was taken, declared amputation necessary. The leg will be amputated just below the knee.
The accident occurred about 11:15 o'clock this morning in front of the Tifft House. Mr. Kushibiki ran into the street to catch an Elmwood Avenue car bound for the Exposition grounds. The car was moving rapidly and as he tried to jump on the steps he slipped and fell under the wheels of the trailer.
The cars were immediately brought to a stop and after Mr. Kushibiki had been removed to a nearby store the Emergency ambulance was sent for. He was taken in an ambulance to the Sisters' Hospital, where it was at once announced that the leg could not be saved. If Mr. Kushibiki survives the shock of the amputation, he stands a good chance of recover as the surgeons say he is not injured internally.
The car which ran over Mr. Kushibiki was trailer 167. It was in charge of Theodore Gander of 12 Rees Street, conductor. The motorman on the front car was James Nesbit.
It is supposed that Mr. Kushibiki was on his way to the Exposition grounds. He was unable to give an explanation of the accident. The story of the conductors and information obtained by the police are to the effect that Mr. Kushibiki lost his balance when his hand was just on the rail of the foremost car and that his momentum caused him to fall directly in the path of the trailer.
The injured man is one of the best known among the Pan-American concessionaires. He is a Japanese, 35 years old and lives in bachelor apartments. He returned only yesterday from a trip to New York where he went to secure a number of Geisha girls for “Fair Japan”
July 28: Mr. J.J. Wright, manager of the Toronto Electric Light Company, when shown the Buffalo dispatch stating that arrangements were being made to communicate with Toronto from the Electric Tower at the Pan-American Exposition grounds, said that while no application had been made to his company for the purpose, he believed it quite feasible to communicate with Buffalo in that way from the hills north of Toronto with an ordinary 2600 candlepower arc light, and the proper reflection to concentrate the rays. It would be more successful on a cloudy night. The Morse code, he said, could be very conveniently used for conveying a message. Mr. Wright added that when half way across the lake on a recent evening he quite distinctly saw the flashes of a search light working from Toronto. The light in question was on a steamer in the harbor.
July 29: Forebodings of failure for the Exposition have been common since July 1. A large proportion of the public who have nothing to base judgment on except external evidence, which in some cases is not always the best evidence, have taken to speculate adversely upon the attendance. A croaker is the vulture of the business world and this Exposition has not escaped him. Accordingly, people with the best intentions in the world have taken to questioning the success of the Exposition and a feeling of possible financial failure has developed.
Officials of the Exposition have been aware of this unfavorable atmosphere for some time, but knowing the inside facts it has appeared too ridiculous for serious attention. However, for the purpose of reassuring once and for all the people who are interested in the success of the enterprise, President Milburn today makes public the following written statement, which ought to satisfy the most pessimistic person that fears of the failure of the Exposition are entirely groundless:
“The Exposition has been much more than paying its expenses since the beginning of June, and has already accumulated a considerable surplus, applicable to the payment of its bonds. That surplus is increasing daily.
The Exposition is having the same experience that every other exposition has had, particularly the World's Fair. The masses outside of the city where an exposition is held do not attend during May, June and July. Their attendance begins in August and increases during September and October. It is during those months that the excursion business is done.
All indications show that that is to be the experience of this Exposition. The reports from railroad men, hotel men and travelers are all to that effect. The attendance up to the present time has come up to the expectations of reasonable people, and it has been gradually increasing. During August the increase will be more marked. An attendance during August, September and October equal to the attendance at Chicago during October alone will pay all the obligations of the Exposition, including its bonded indebtedness and will leave a large surplus for the stockholders.
There are the soundest reasons for expecting such attendance and more. The visitors are returning to their homes highly pleased and are spreading abroad the beauty, magnitude and interest of the Exposition. Railroad rates are to be satisfactory and at a figure which will draw the masses. There is in Buffalo a great abundance of accommodations, very desirable in every way and at a low figure.
The floating indebtedness of the company for construction is a comparatively small one. Its payment is now under consideration between the Exposition officials and a committee representing the bondholders, and there is no doubt but a satisfactory arrangement of it will be made. The daily operating expenses are not one-third of the daily revenues and therefore they are amply provided for.
July 30: One hundred Pan-American Exposition carpenters this morning began the work of erecting in the Stadium what is designed to be the fastest quarter-mile board track for bicycle racing in the country. Designed by Sperry & Loller, a firm of Eastern engineers and contractors, it will be constructed on scientific principles, having a banking of 12 feet, four inches at the circles. This will allow the fastest motor cycle ever built to go around the curves at full speed. The track will be similar to the famous banked track at Madison Square Garden, New York, and is the counterpart of several tracks which are now being built in the East, under the supervision of the same firm. Mr. Sperry, the senior member of the concern, is on the ground personally overseeing the work.
The surface of the track will be as perfect as that of any parlor floor. It will be constructed of specially cured inch boards, laid on joists, 22 inches apart. The track is 20 feet wide, directly over the cinder track, and it is feared that the latter will suffer some. The track will be finished by next Saturday in ample time for the two weeks' National amateur and professional bicycle racing, which begins next Monday morning.
There will be no athletic events in the Stadium this week, and the first events after the bicycle races will be on Aug. 22 and 23, when the firemen's tournament will be held, and on Aug. 24, when the A.A.U. gymnastics will be held. It will require a great deal of hustling to get the board track cleared away and the cinder track ready for these games.
July 31: Henry T. Jaeger, chairman of the Local Railway Passenger Agents' Association, John E. Murphy, chairman of the local hotel men's organization, Edward H. Butler, president of the Publisher's Association, John N. Scatcherd, chairman of the Pan-American railway committee, and W.D. Thayer of the Pan-American rooming bureau, were selected as a committee to draft a statement for broadcast circulation setting forth the facts with reference to existing Pan-American railroad and hotel rates, thus correcting the universal impression that the railroads are charging excessively high prices and that local hotel man are fleecing their guests.
This committee was appointed at a meeting held yesterday afternoon at 1058 Ellicott Square, at which the publishers of the local newspapers, the Buffalo hotel men, the local passenger agents and the Pan-American railway committee were present.
“This gathering is called,” said Mr. Scatcherd, who presided at the meeting, “for the purpose of discussing conditions with reference to the Pan-American Exposition, and to see what may be done in the way of remedying certain troubles which seem to be interfering with the attendance at the Exposition. It is generally felt that the railroad rates are too high, but the railroad men don't agree that they are. It is understood outside of Buffalo that our hotel men are charging excessive rates for accommodations; the hotel men say that is not the case. Complaint has been made that our newspapers have not given sufficient publicity to the fact that the Exposition is finished, but the newspaper men seem to think they have done their duty as far as that is concerned. Let us get together and ascertain, if possible, just what the trouble is.” Running discussions followed, during which George H. Woolley of the Iroquois, Mr. Duchscherer of the Lenox and other hotel men made known the prices at their respective hostelries. Then Mr. Conners joined in the debate with excellent ideas, vigorously expressed.
“It is time to stop dilly-dallying,” said he. “Each fellow here says he's all right. We all are all right. Only, those outside think we are not all right. Some fellows have their rates so high that they have no one in their house. Now, let them come down off their perch. Some new hotels are crowded, some old hotels are empty. Everyone raised rates but the papers. The daily papers did more for this fair and get less out of it than the others. If you are going to do something in the right way, do it and you'll find we will send it out to every corner of the country.”
Mr. Underwood declared the Pan-American railroad rates are lower than rates have ever been for any previous exposition. Mr. Pierce spoke of the necessity of letting the people of the country understand that the railroads are doing reasonably well and that good accommodations are obtained here at prices to suit everybody. Mr. Mack said it was high time for Buffalo to stop “knocking” the Exposition.
Mr. Sawyer delivered a speech
replete with sound, hard sense, and the meeting was adjourned after the
appointment of the committee referred to above.
To the Table of Contents
To "Doing the Pan" Home