This Day in 1901 Archives: November 1901

All stories from the Buffalo Evening News, unless otherwise noted

November 1:  Story 1 Between now and May 1 next there will be considerable work for carpenters and builders. It will consist principally of restoring apartment and other houses to the condition they were in before the Pan-American. The restoration of the buildings will throw a large number of desirable flats and houses on the market for rent and the prediction is made that rents will take a tumble this month.

Of course, no real estate dealer is admitting this at present. All will claim, as usual. that the conditions in Buffalo are not changed, and that the people who went out of the city during the fair will return and require all the available room.

Story 2 Those desirous of securing bargains in Pan-American souvenirs will have a chance to secure rare bargains on next Monday. The National Brass and Bronze Company, in connection with the Vienna Importing Company, will close out at public auction its exhibits in the Manufactures and Bazaar buildings. The sale will take place in the latter building beginning at 11 o'clock in the morning. The Exposition will be opened at half price.

The things sold will include imported French bronzes, busts, figures, vases, mirrors, onyx tables, terra cotta, figures and busts, clocks, cut glass salad bowls and trays, Vienna bronze, royal tepiltz, china ware, royal Loetz glass from Bohemia, Kaiserzinn and a long list of other articles of vertu.

The goods were especially imported for the Pan-American Exposition and are of the highest artistic merit.

Story 3  The H.A. Meldrum Company announce that they will be closed on the afternoon of Farewell Day, from 1 o'clock, so that all employees may have a last look at the Exposition. To commemorate the day otherwise, the firm will distribute 5000 souvenir medals to Saturday morning customers. These medals are about the size of five-dollar gold pieces. On one side appear the Electric Tower, on the other the Beck design. Aside from their intrinsic worth, the medals are of historic interest. They were struck off by the first coinage machine ever used by the United States mint.

Story 4 Three special trains on the Wabash road will leave Buffalo for the West Sunday, each bearing a load of Midwayites, homeward bound. One train will take 110 Filipinos to San Francisco, where they will board ship for their native country. Another will carry a load of Hawaiians and Japanese to the Golden Gate. The third will convey the Indians of the Indian Congress to Rushville, Ind.

Story 5 The grand exodus from the Pan-American Exposition has begun. The contracts between the Pan-American Exposition Company and the exhibitors in the various buildings expired last night - October 31 - and, notwithstanding that the Exposition is to remain open until Saturday night, many of the smaller exhibitors took advantage of the lapse of the agreement to pack up. All of the larger and more interesting exhibits remain intact, however, and will remain so until Saturday night.

In the Agriculture Building Illinois, Missouri, Alabama and Oregon on the first floor began the work of packing, and the Canada canned goods exhibit in the balcony is also being put into boxes and crates. The “Old Overholt” exhibit is deserted, save for the facade and shelves.

In the Manufactures and Liberal Arts building all of the big exhibits and most of the small ones remain just as they have been for the last six months. Many of the managers of exhibits, however, are packing up their superfluous goods.

In the Transportation building several of the automobiles have been removed. Over 90 percent of the exhibits remain in place in the Electricity building. In that number is included the big ones such as that of the General Electric Company and the Westinghouse Company.

There will be very little packing of exhibits tomorrow. The crowds will be so large as to preclude any possibility of working to advantage.

November 2: Story 1 When the sun rises on the Rainbow City tomorrow the Pan-American will be among the things of the past, a memory strong and new, but still a memory. Soon the wrecking will begin to destroy the handsome buildings. but they are not gone yet. The Exposition is not over yet... Every feature of the Exposition today and tonight will be favorable to the fun loving element and he who goes to the grounds and does not have a happy time may blame only himself, for the fun is not in him.

The Midway tonight will in some ways surpass anything seen here before. The theaters will run later than usual, everything will be wide open. Several concessionaires have announced their intentions of  “cutting loose,” which means, in effect, that there will be no limit set to the high jinks cut by the happy public, as long as the “h.p.” is able to foot the bill.

Souvenir dealers will be giving away their wares today. People who desire some remembrance of the fair would better get it from the grounds. They can get their souvenirs at more reasonable prices and then they will also help swell the number of admissions. Every one counts.

The programme is the best so far offered. Beginning at 10 o'clock this morning the 65th Regiment band played for two and one-half hours in the East Esplanade stand. From 11 a.m. till 6 p.m., Mrs. Taylor, who went over Niagara Falls, will hold a reception in the West Esplanade Band Stand.

The Indians will parade through the Midway and around the Court of Fountains at 1 o'clock. They will go to the Stadium. An Admission fee of 25 cents will be charged to the Stadium, but the entertainment will be well worth it.

At 1:50 o'clock the balloon ascension will take place, followed 10 minutes later by a hurling game between the Columbias and the Hibernians. At 3 o'clock the sham battle between Fort Porter troops and the Indians, the event of the season, will begin. Custer's charge, an attack on an Indian village and other warfare scenes will be among the features of the sham battle.

From 2 o'clock till 4 o'clock in the afternoon and from 8 till 10 o'clock in the evening, Victor Herbert's orchestra will play in the Temple of Music. The 65th Regiment band will play at the East Esplanade band stand from 3 till 5:30 o'clock in the afternoon and the 74th Regiment Band will play in the same stand from 6 to 7 o'clock in the evening.

The fireworks will begin at 7:30 o'clock, lasting until midnight. At 11 o'clock the closing exercises will begin in the Temple of Music. At midnight 10 buglers in the (Electric) Tower will sound taps. At the last note, President Milburn will turn out the lights on the exhibit buildings and Tower forever. I will be the end. But between the beginning and the end is the Midway. And the best of them all is the Midway. Don't miss it.

Story 2 To inquiry by the NEWS of Director of Works Carlton for the facts, he answered today, “The exhibit buildings will be closed at 8 o'clock tonight. The reasons are that the exhibitors request it and that it is not regarded as safe to permit the crowd to be in the buildings any later. if the exhibitors desired it we should let the doors remain open and let the chances be taken. In fact, the buildings have been practically closed at 8:30 all the time of late, except for the few stragglers who kept open until about 10 o'clock. There is a mad rush for souvenirs of any sort, and I do not purpose to take any chances when 5000 guards could not begin to protect the property if the crowd should get ugly.

“The experience of other expositions leads to this order because great losses have followed from neglect to close up before the last minute the vandal cut loose. The reasons for our course ought to be plain without an explanation. Nothing might happen but I do not want to take any chances.”

Story 3 There's something said, even pathetic, this going about these last days of the great Pan-American Exposition, and realizing that it's all over, that tonight the lights will go out forever, the crowds of men, women and children will vanish, that silence will reign in the Midway and the spieler return to the ordinary walks of life.

Yesterday everybody was making up for lost time - that is, everybody who had heretofore been lukewarm or negligent.

Those who hadn't made the acquaintance of Esau (chimpanzee) took occasion to do so and to congratulate the beast on so admirably performing the duties of a typewriting girl. Esau, however, took his praise coolly. He knows Mr. Bostock has had as much patronage as anyone, much more than most of the Midway fraternity, but he hasn't had the crowds capable of making Esau hilarious. Those who hadn't visited the Land of the Midnight Sun proceeded to make the tour and to take the Trip to the Moon, but the men who conducted the tourist are pretty well tuckered out, their voices sound run down, even as do those tremendous voices of the spielers, just as if somebody had forgotten to wind them up and the end was nigh.
Even the goose knows the thing is over and yesterday it made not the least effort to be entertaining, but hovered near the engine to keep warm, giving an occasional squawk when the golden chariot came to a standstill, especially when a woman who loves to have things end up as they began, looked the delinquent up, and cast upon it the reproving eye of cold displeasure.

The muscle dancers still dance with a good deal of vigorous liberality, but their tinsel is so worn and their gewgaws so frayed and broken that they are not even indecently attractive.

Everywhere are bargain hunters running about from booth to booth - and amulets and necklaces, antique jewelry, corals galore and golden embroideries are being brought away that will be handed down as heirlooms, as mementoes of the great Pan-American Exposition two generations hence...

November 3:  Story 1  The Pan-American Exposition is ended.

At midnight President Milburn touched an electric button, connected by wires with the rheostat and causing the 160,000 incandescent light in the grounds to darken forever.

The ceremonies were simple but solemn in the extreme. The president stood upon the Triumphal Bridge with Director of Works Newcomb Carlton, Henry Rustin, chief of electrical and mechanical construction, members of the board and casual spectators.

At 11:55 buglers from the 65th and 74th Regiments sounded Taps from the observatory of the Tower. Throughout the remotest parts of the grounds penetrated the sublimely thrilling strains that lull soldiers to their nightly and everlasting sleep.

As the notes died away, President Milburn touched a button upon a small box. The 11,000 lights upon the Tower showed the sickening symptoms of the final eclipse. Gradually the lights paled, not only on the Tower, but all within the grounds. The death of the Exposition was apparently painless. From brilliant gold the colors changed to cerise then to a faint pink flush and gradually to the pale glow of the pilades. The glow became reduced to little ruby points. For a moment these flickered with a blaze that went out as suddenly as if they were stars fallen into a sea of ink, and the Exposition was over.

A burst of luminous bombs was seen above the Stadium and was followed by a discharge of brilliant fireworks, but there was no applause. The spectators melted away with the solemnity befitting those who realized they had seen a great enterprise.

Before this scene took place, President Milburn delivered the funeral oration upon the Exposition in the Temple of Music. There were gathered before him representatives of the Central and South American states, the Commissioners from the sister states of the Union, and the men who were mainly instrumental in organizing the Exposition. It was 11:30 o'clock and the atmosphere in the Temple of Music was chilly. President Milburn received a fervid ovation, however, when he appeared upon the platform, the audience rising to its feet and applauding for several minutes. When quiet was restored, President Milburn said, in part,

“Ladies and Gentlemen, I have appeared on this platform on many impressive occasions, and tonight I appear for the last time in behalf of the Exposition, to bid you good-night and good-bye.

“It is almost impossible to realize that this is the last night of its life, and that when in a few minutes the lights that have illuminated this Exposition so grandly go down, they will go down and go out forever.

“It strikes too deeply into the souls of all of us to contemplate this event that is so near to us.

“When I remember the plans, when I remember the toil and talent that have gone into this superb and magnificent work, when I think of the emotions it has excited in the hearts of millions of visitors and when I recall the scenes of gayety that have abounded here, I can scarcely express my feelings.

“The may come a time when it may be reviewed and its merits justly weighed, but tonight are only a few things to be mentioned.”

President Milburn stated that the purpose in building the Exposition was to have it utilitarian as well as aesthetic, and he believed the universal verdict will be that it ranks among the greatest and most beautiful Expositions ever created. He also stated it was designed to bring together the nations of American and had resulted in the greatest solidarity the Western Hemisphere ever knew.

He thanked the representatives of the Central, South American and other foreign states, together with the commissioners of the various states of the Union for their cooperation in making the Exposition a success. Then he paid a splendid tribute to the faithfulness of the staff and men who built the Exposition and, in conclusion, stated that even though the Exposition was not a financial success, it had redounded to the advancement of the glory of the city and citizens of Buffalo.

Story 2 According to the reports of the keepers, none of the insane patients in the State Hospital escaped to the Pan-American Exposition on Saturday night, but judging by the wanton vandalism that ran riot there, it would be hard to explain it on any other score than that a hundred or more maniacs had been busy in the neighborhood.

The flowers, trees and shrubs were the worst sufferers. On the morning following Farewell Day these landscape features that were the especial creation of landscape architect Otto Ulrich looked as if a drove of wild hogs had been rioting among them. In the sunken gardens in the East and West Esplanade small trees were pulled up by the roots and dropped where they were pulled.

In the sunken gardens in the mall every palm was stripped of its leaves. The firs, cedar and yews were also ravaged of their branches, but not as completely as the palms. The palms in the Terraces of Hermes were also destroyed. So were those in the Court of Lilies and the Court of Cypresses. Some were torn by hands and some pruned by knives. The object seemed in every case the getting of twigs to be used thereafter in slapping unprotected women in the face. The reason why palms especially were plundered appeared to be that many varieties had leave equipped with saw-like teeth which made the humor go deeper when they were drawn across a woman's face.

Perhaps the merriest of the many parties on the Midway Saturday night was assembled in Alt Nurnberg. Nearly all the well known members of the Buffalo social clubs were there and music and merriment held full sway. Members of the Saturn Club in a body made things lively by frequent songs and an occasional march around the village in lock step. Men who previously had enjoyed a reputation for dignity lost all that and danced two steps and waltzed around the crowded tables. The 65th Regiment band under the leadership of Mr.Powell played the familiar airs in which the great crowd joined with utmost enthusiasm. The merry throng went wild when the national airs were played and Dixie fairly brought them to their feet. Charles F. Bingham took the place of leader Powell for several selections and he was cheered to the echo while many men danced about him, throwing confetti and shouting him with the greatest enthusiasm.

Later in the evening the same merry party congregated in the Beautiful Orient and had fun with the camels, donkeys and elephants. Every time a mouth was opened for a hearty laugh, it was quickly filled with a handful of confetti from some vigilant bystander whose merriment was overwhelming as he saw his victim sputter and gag in an attempt to remove the bits of paper.

Nine-tenths of the great throng of more than 100,000 people on the Midway were out for fun and fun only. The other tenth was composed of the rough element who wrecked and looted and rioted wherever the occasion offered.

The attack on Pabst's place was the fiercest and most determined of any of the many scrimmages. The mob set upon the place, smashed glasses and windows, broke up tables and wrecked chairs until the place looked as if a herd of huge elephants had stampeded through it. When Capt. Krueger turned the hose on the crowd, it quickly dispersed, and the place closed. There is talk of a suit against the city for failure to provide protection for the place.

Another mob attempted to get into the entrance of the concession called Cleopatra. A colored man sought to stem the incoming tide but was entirely unsuccessful. He grabbed the nozzle of the fire hose near by and turned on the water, but somebody grabbed the end of the nozzle and pointed it in the air so that a torrent of water fell upon those in the middle of the Midway. This brought a shower of missiles from that direction and considerable damage was done to the entrance of the place, the valuable painting in the lobby being badly slit and torn.

November 4:  Story 1 Much of interest transpired at the Exposition yesterday and those who went to the grounds to have still another last look saw plenty of hurry and bustle.

Some of the Midway shows will continue business for a few days. Most have already closed, however. The Filipinos, the Japs, the Indians, the Africans are gone. Some of the smaller concessions also are already on the move. The Streets of Cairo people, however, will remain several days and so will Bostock. Bostock and some of the other shows may continue to do business and charge admissions as long as they remain in town.

The Midway yesterday looked as though the Johnstown Flood had broken loose and wrecked the place. Outside Pabst's the street was muddy, still showing the effects of the hose assault upon the mob on Saturday night. Inside, however, the mess had been cleared away and the waiters were attending to business as usual. Near the House-Upside-Down there was another section of flooded street. Outside the Venetian theater on the South Midway the street was covered with pieces of furniture, bricks and other missiles.

The city police, both in the grounds and outside the fence, did much effective work early Sunday morning, and doubtless prevented much destruction of property.

Story 2 Councilman Simon Fleishmann told a NEWS reporter today that it will be several weeks before the big Temple of Music organ given to the city by Mr. J.N.Adam can be housed.

“Convention Hall must be prepared for it, “ said Mr. Fleischmann, “and that requires an order of the Common Council. Application for leave to make the change and for the money to make it with will go in to the next meeting of the Council, which will be next week at the earliest. The organ is to stand at the left of the Virginia street entrance for there is not room enough for it at the other, or stage end, without spoiling the sight of the platform and giving up too much room for it.

“The organ is 34 feet by 18 and 32 feet high, an immense structure in itself. When the hall is reconstructed for a real music hall and has an inclined floor, with other modern improvements, the organ can be put in front of the audience where it properly belongs, but that is a matter for future consideration.”

The gift of the organ to the city was well kept as a secret until Mr. Fleischmann walked out in front of the great audience in the Temple of Music on Saturday night. Until that hour few had got an inkling of Mr. Adams' generous purpose. Mr. Fleischmann spoke as follows, in substance,

“I have an important announcement to make. A public-spirited citizen has told me and authorized me to tell you that he has been thinking about the suggestion of the Buffalo EVENING NEWS that the city buy the splendid organ that stands in this building and must now be removed, and had concluded that he would buy it himself and give it to the city, only making the condition that the city give it suitable shelter. This grand citizen is Mr. J.N. Adam. Mr. Adam has never had an organ in Buffalo that voiced his sentiments on municipal ownership, so he concluded to purchase one that would do it and give it to the city. It is also, in his opinion, a fit memento for Buffalo to keep by way of remembrance of the Exposition and the most suitable illustration of the beauty of the great fair.”

Mayor Diehl also spoke the thanks of the city for Mr. Adam's magnificent gift. There were cheers for Mr. Adam and such a demand for him that he rose in his place and said that he felt glad of the pleasure given his fellow citizens as expressed by the speakers and the applause of the gathering to whom the announcement had just been made. Buffalo has done so much for me, and I am so proud of it as a city to live in and do business in that I have felt it only right that I should show my gratitude in a substantial way.”

November 5:  Story 1  The different States represented at the Exposition do not seem to have much trouble disposing of their buildings. The Michigan State building has been sold to James Hurd for $500. H.B. Dickinson, the cloak manufacturer, has bought the Wisconsin building and proposes to remove it to his summer home at Fort Erie, and the Dominican building brought $200 when sold.

Story 2  This afternoon a large dray drew up in front of the Municipal building and immediately there was a rush of small boys to unload it. The dray contained some of the exhibits from the Pan-American which have been given to the schools of the city.

The exhibits included grasses, cotton, the products of cotton seed and cereals. Some of them were in glass cases and others were neatly packed. They were contributed by the commissioners from Nebraska and Arkansas. The exhibits will be distributed among the schools of the city.

Story 3  It is likely that the New York State Commission to the Pan-American will have a surplus to return to the State when it makes its report. It has done unusually good work, has built a $180,000 permanent building, advertised and paid all the expenses of New York State Day, and made the best showing of any commission at the Fair, all on a $300,000 appropriation. Hon. Daniel N. Lockwood is president of the commission.

Secretary Byron R. Newton is preparing the report, which will be submitted to the State Legislature next January. “I think we will have some money left to return to the State Treasury,” said Mr. Newton yesterday.

November 6:  Story 1  It is proposed by the Exposition company to abolish the Exposition guard entirely and to have the Pan-American grounds watched over by the regular city police. November 15 is set as the date for the change in guards. Definite action has not been taken yet, but several days ago the Police Commissioners were waited upon by Exposition officials. The commissioners said they were ready to guard the grounds at any time.

the object in doing away with the Exposition police is to lessen the expenses of the company. The present force of guards, about 100 in number, costs $1500 or more a week in salaries.

Story 2 Alt Nurnberg, the popular German village at the Exposition, will continue for one year longer. The management has changed hands, A.L. Steinert being manager. He was connected with the village during the fair when Mr. Luchow was manager.

The village will be well heated and lighted. The meals will be served a la carte and at popular prices. During the winter the summer garden will be used as a skating rink. The meals will be served in the enclosed dining room on the south. Good music will be furnished all year.

November 7:  Story 1 Sparks from an oil stove set fire to the roof of the Alaska building at the Exposition grounds last night about 7:30 o'clock. The fire spread rapidly and the roof of the building and much of the contents were destroyed. The walls, built of heavy logs, were not badly damaged. The loss is estimated at $5000, mostly to the contents of the building.

Commissioner Jackson of the Alaska exhibit was in the building. He says a spark from an oil stove ignited some rags. Then the roof caught fire. Mr. Jackson and others ran for a telephone. While they were looking for the phone somebody else sent an alarm from a nearby box.

Two little black bears and a number of Esquimaux dogs were rescued fromthe fire. Patrolman Walsh of the Pan-American police forced sustained a sprained arm while aiding the firemen. Luckily many of the exhibits had been packed and removed, otherwise the damage done by the fire would have been much greater. The insurance policies on the building and contents ran out some time ago.

Story 2 Letter to the Editor:

Will the NEWS or some of its readers explain why the bondholders of the Exposition are favored?  One would suppose the labor and material should be paid for first and if there was any money left then the bondholders and stockholders, etc., should come next. According to every precedent the material and work are first paid for before dividends are paid to bondholders or stockholders. Anyone who will explain will confer a favor.

November 8: Story 1 The United States Government exhibits are being packed up preparatory to being shipped to the Charleston Exposition.  Few visitors are allowed to enter the buildings as the Board of Managers have the view that the Exposition is over and that the public must be excluded from the buildings. This view is embodied in a strict rule which excludes all except those who have business and the guards at the door enforce it to the letter.

The Colonial exhibits from Puerto Rico and the Philippines are nearly ready for shipment. So are the exhibits in the various departments of the Interior, Post Office, Navy, Treasury, etc.

The ability of the employees of the Government exhibit to hustle things is illustrated pointedly by the Fisheries Department. On Saturday the tautogs, swell fish, pin fish, croakers, trout, mud puppies and other finny clans were swimming in their respective aquariums. On Sunday at noon they were speeding away on the Fish Commission Car No. 5 for Washington. There they will be overhauled, the feeblest taken out, and with new additions, will be sent on to Charleston. The trout and other fresh fish will go on practically intact but the salt water fish exhibit will be recruited by means of new catches along the Atlantic coast.

The aquarium's salt water pumping machines and the machine for pumping fresh oxygen into the aquariums are on the cars. R.J. Conway, who has charge of the exhibit, says he expects that the train containing the entire apparatus of the fisheries' exhibit will start next Wednesday.

The artillery section of the War Department exhibit is the most backward about getting in readiness for being moved out. The smaller arms and guns, together with the West Point exhibit, are packed but the big guns lie where they were installed. This is owing to the absence of definite instructions as to the destination of the exhibits. It is expected that the most of the smaller guns will go to the Charleston Exposition, but orders to that effect have not been received. It is also expected that Lieut. Kelton and 40 men of the 73rd Coast Artillery will be detailed to remain here to dismount the big guns and to load them upon the cars, to be shipped to the Watertown and Watervliet arsenals, but orders to this effect also have not been received.

Story 2   “The Pan-American Exposition Company cannot go out of business for at least two years,” said Oscar T. Taylor today to a NEWS reporter. Mr. Taylor is the secretary of the law committee and fully conversant with its legal affairs. He said further, “The contract with the Rumseys gives us until July 1903 to restore the grounds to the condition in which they were when we took them, but it is a gradual agreement, so to speak, at that. We are to have the buildings razed by July 1, 1902. Then we are to have the roadways cleared of all pavement stuff and the hollows filled, or the hillocks leveled, by Jan.1, 1903. We still have six months after that to fulfill any part of the agreement that may have been overlooked.

The contract with the city for the use of the Park is easier of fulfillment than the Rumsey contract, because we have only about 100 acres of city land and twice that of private acreage, while the latter has on it about all the buildings and walks and roadways. The company cannot apply to the courts for its dissolution until it has fulfilled all its obligations to the extent of its ability. As long as any contract remains to be carried out the corporation must continue and, in view of the deficiency of assets to liabilities, it is impossible to forecast the period of the conclusion of the company. Even if it should go into bankruptcy it might not be able to get itself out of legal existence speedily after that. It is easy to see that there is little use in guessing over the last days of the corporation. They are not in sight now.

There is but one mechanic's lien on record that I know of against the property of the company, and that is of about $29,000 in favor of Thomas Brown, the Buffalo contractor, for excavation work. It is not easy to see how this lien can be of avail toward the collection of the debt due Mr. Brown, since the Exposition Company does not own the land and since the owners are not involved in any way. I do not know of any provision of the law that involves the Rumsey owners in the operation of the company as far as the public or any contractor is concerned. Neither am I aware of any litigation begun that might prolong the existence of the company beyond the time necessary to elapse for the winding up of its affairs. Of its receipts and expenses I do not care to speak, for that is not a branch of our department. I should have said that Mr. Brown's claim includes several others than his own original one.”

Story 3 It is possible the Park Board may be able to make a trade with the Pan-American Exposition Company whereby the company will give to the Park Department various valuable plants and shrubs.

In return the Park Department will restore the park grounds that were used for Exposition purposes to their original condition. A report on the subject is to be made to the Park Board next Thursday afternoon by Commissioners Guenther, Reinecke and Wolff.

Story 4 That runaway marriage between Alice Espiridiona, otherwise known as Chiquita, the doll lady, and Anthony C. Woeckener, Chiquita's boy husband, is to be the subject of litigation in Special Term this afternoon, according to the papers in a habeas corpus proceeding that were served by Deputy Sheriff Hugh Sloan last evening in the Iroquois Hotel.

As stated in the NEWS at the time, as soon as Chiquita returned from being married to Woeckener at the home of Morning Justice Thomas Rochford, the little woman was found by one of Frank C. Bostock's friends and returned to Mr. Bostock's family. Shortly after the story that she had been abducted was raised and Woeckener was not permitted to see his wife.

Since then Woeckener has engaged legal counsel and yesterday he secured an order from Justice Kenefick in chambers which requires Frank C. Bostock to produce the doll lady in court. Chiquita was under contract with Bostock and the papers charge that Chiquita cannot see her husband because Bostock refuses to let her go.

The order is returnable in Special term at 2 o'clock this afternoon. Bostock will engage the best legal talent in Buffalo to keep Chiquita from Woeckener, it is said, and this proceeding may be but the beginning of an action to secure the annulment of the marriage.

Bartlett & Baker are counsel for young Woeckener and they will make a hot fight in his behalf. Woeckener's father and brother are here from Erie, Pa.

November 9: Story 1  After listening to brief arguments yesterday afternoon Justice Childs in Special Term dismissed the habeas corpus proceedings instituted by Anthony C. Woeckener against Frank C. Bostock to get possession of his wife, Chiquita, the doll lady. William J. Creamer represented Bostock and Eugene M. Bartlett appeared for Chiquita's boy husband.

As soon as the writ was dismissed, and before Mr. Bostock could leave the court house, papers were served on him in a suit for $20,000 damages brought by Woeckener for Bostock's action in separating him from his wife. At the same time an order of arrest for Mr. Bostock, as an incident to this civil action, was prepared for the purpose of insuring his presence at the trial. This order of arrest was served by Deputy Sheriff Bates and later Mr. Bostock furnished bail in the sum of $1000 and was released.

“The statement that I am keeping Chiquita from her husband is not true,” said Mr. Bostock. “The fact is Chiquita is fickle-minded and she wants nothing more to do with Woeckener. She has bestowed her affections temporarily in similar ways before.”

Mr. Bostock claims the entire affair is simply a scheme to get Chiquita away from him for show purposes. He said the entire trouble had been settled and young Woeckener was ready to travel with Chiquita when Woeckener's father who, he says, came here at the solicitation of the people who are trying to get Chiquita, interfered.

Story 2 This morning Mayor Diehl received the following letter from Ald.-elect J.N. Adam:

“Buffalo Nov. 9, 1901.
“Conrad Diehl, Esq.:

“My Dear Sir - I desire, and I hereby do, present to the city the organ in the Temple of Music. If accepted it will be taken down and set up ready for use in any other place agreeable to the authorities.

“Yours very truly,
“J.N. Adam “

Mayor Diehl was very much pleased when he read the letter and on Monday he will send a communication to the Common Council in which he will call attention to the generous gift of Mr. Adam and suggest that arrangements be made for accepting the gift and placing it in the City Convention Hall. The Common Council, it is presumed, will arranged suitable ceremonies for the event.

November 10: Story 1  The old adage that there are two things that are easy to raise and hard to put down, to with, the devil and prices, is verified in the case of the prices of necessities of life in this city.

At the opening of the Pan-American Exposition the prices of all staples of living were advanced so promptly that the public thought it was in the nature of cause and effect. Supposing that the Exposition was responsible for the increased price of groceries and meats as well as of shaves and rents, people expected that the end of the Exposition would see a corresponding fall in these things.

Now they learn that they were mistaken, both as to their supposition and conclusion. They are informed by Charles Lamy, president of the Retail Grocer's Association, that the Exposition was not responsible for the raising of prices, and that the end of the Exposition will not bring any relief to the buyer. Canned goods will continue to be high because somebody charges the grocer more for them, potatoes will be high because there was a drought somewhere in the West, and the same cause will operate to keep meats up in the attic.

Story 2 Acting Director-General Newcomb Carlton of the Pan-American Exposition Company opened bids yesterday noon on the four propositions to wreck the Exposition buildings. These propositions are:

A - To buy all materials and remove it.

B - To restore grounds to original grade.

C - Buy materials, remove them and restore grounds.

D - Same as C, excepting the Stadium.

Thomas Brown of Buffalo bid under A to take the stuff for it. Under B, $75,758, under C $ 7500, and under D $75,758.

Hitner & Sons of Philadelphia bid: A, $50,135, B, $114,500, C, $8750, and D, $39,100.

Chicago House Wrecking Company bid: A, $50,135, B, $100,000, C, $7500, and D, $40,000

November 11: Pan-American creditors are invited to meet the executive committee of the Exposition Company at the Iroquois Hotel Thursday at 2 p.m. One of the leading businessmen of Buffalo, one who stands so close to the management of the Exposition that his views may be considered almost official, explained the situation to a NEWS reporter today. He said, “This creditors' meeting is called primarily to prevent the appointment of a receiver of the Pan-American Company. Some men are ugly and more are inconsiderate and it is to have a heart-to-heart talk that this meeting is called.

“A receiver could be appointed as a matter of right, no doubt, as the law stands. But it would be sorry business to force such a method of closing up the affairs of the company. The receiver will cost a great deal of money in fees, counsel and numerous expenses, whereas now only two or three very modest salaries will be necessary for the transaction of the business remaining to be done. Meanwhile the interests of the creditors are in the hands of some of the ablest businessmen of Buffalo, men whose services, if paid for at their worth, would cost many thousands a year. Now they are unpaid.

“The idea, then, is to show the creditors, and this does not mean the stockholders, that the affairs of the company are in the best way to realize something for their benefit while a receivership would spoil every prospect of ultimate relief. The argument for this course is perfectly plain. The figures of what is on hand will be laid before the creditors and an appeal made to their pride in Buffalo, and their public spirit, and their business sagacity, too. Harper's Weekly discusses the situation in its current issue and concludes by saying that the Federal government ought to help Buffalo for the magnificent national work that the Exposition accomplished.

“The idea is at the root of this proceeding here on Thursday. We have the sympathy of the President and of Congressmen without limit as far as is known, and doubtless of the Senate also. It is the common feeling that the Exposition is entitled to be assisted in proportion to the amount actually spent by Buffalo measured in some degree by the gift to St. Louis. But suppose that Buffalo goes to Congress with the company in the hands of a receiver. The city might as well go to London for aid as to Washington when Congressmen will hardly dare to vote an appropriation for what their constituents will call a bankrupt concern.

“I am sure that the point is clear enough. but suppose that no steps are taken to embarrass the Exposition Company and Buffalo is able to go to Washington with a brave front, all her citizens standing together, creditors and all. Then the men who control the purse strings will be moved to admiration and will say that the men of Buffalo are stanch as thoroughbreds.

“One way lies discomfiture and rejection. The other way may lead to something of the greatest value. It is for the creditors of the Pan-American to decide whether they will stand by the city and protect her good name or will pull down their flag at the very last when they may show their civic pride and splendid devotion to Buffalo as never before.

November 12:  Rochester, N.Y. - Another story of the undoing of an unsuspecting farmer came to light in Police Court today during the trial of Frank J. Bennett, a middle-aged man, on the charge of vagrancy. Without a cent of money Bennett, whose home is in Manchester, N.H., is in the hands of the local poor authorities. Two weeks ago Officer Bowers found Bennett wandering about on South avenue in a bewildered sort of manner.

“Where do you live?” asked the officer.

“On Second street,”replied Bennett.
“Where is Second street?” queried the officer.

Bennett replied that it was just around the corner. When asked where he thought he was, replied, “In Manchester, of course.” He was arrested on a vagrancy charge. The police investigated and found that Bennett has a wife and seven children living in Manchester.

In Police Court today Bennett stated that last summer he left home to go West on business. When ready to return he purchased a ticket from a scalper. He supposed the ticket was good for a passage from Detroit to Manchester but when he boarded a train he was informed by the conductor that the ticket had been forged and was worthless. Bennett had only enough money to pay his fare to Buffalo and when he arrived in that city he was compelled to hunt for a position. During the summer he worked at the Pan-American Exposition, but he says it cost him as much to live as he earned. When the Exposition was closed he came to Rochester on a freight train.

After hearing the hard luck story Judge Ernst ordered that Bennett be taken to Overseer of the Poor Lodge. It is probable that he will be furnished with transportation to his home.

November 13:  Story 1 There was a long discussion at the meeting of the Park Board yesterday over a request of the Pan-American Exposition Company for permission to continue the use of the park lands pending a settlement of the Exposition Company's business. There was opposition to granting the request from Commissioners Langdon, Kasting, Close and Wyckoff, but seven other Commissioners voted against these four and Mr. Langdon's motion was lost. A motion to refer the request to the executive committee was carried.

Story 2  From the Want Ads:

Park Hotel, Delaware ave., near Amherst st., Main st. car, transfer commencing Tuesday, Nov. 12, and continuing each day until closed out, large and best furniture sale of all descriptions offered since the history of the Pan-American Exposition, consisting of 1500 rooms. Among this lot are all the rare and beautiful plants and palms, silverware, linen, some 50 thousand sheets, fifteen thousand pillow cases, ten thousand towels and counterpanes. The beds are iron and have springs (the best), all iron, no wood about them, seven tons china and hemp mattings, four thousand chairs of all descriptions, two car loads dishes, crockery and glassware, the kitchen being the best equipped in all appointments, consisting of 3 coffee and hot water urns, 3 larger broilers, copper pudding steamer, 2 dish heaters, cup heater, 20-foot range, large steam table, saucepan rack, butter cutter, copper basin, ham broiler, large ice chests, oyster and lobster broiler, dish washer (steam power), Reid portable bake oven, automatic heating apparatus, 200 gallons, two roll-top desks, standing desk, book cases, bell boy benches, four beautiful National cash registers, about one ton cutlery, two expensive hotel cigar cases, hotel buffet and ice box in oak, the barber shop complete, all in beautiful mahogany. The outfit of this hotel consists about thirty carloads, out-of-town furniture dealers and hotel men attend this unlimited and no reserve sale. Dinner at 12 o'clock every day, free to everybody. The hotel buildings also at auction, builders and contractors attend. Cummings Bros., auctioneers.

Auction sale - all Japanese trees, plants and shrubs exhibited at Fair Japan will be sold without reserve at J. H. Rebstock's greenhouse, 493-499 Elmwood Avenue on Thursday, Nov. 14th, at ten o'clock and two o'clock.
November 14  Story 1  Editorial

Ever since the Pan-American was started fears have been expressed that when it departed it would leave the city in doldrums - that depression would be felt in all lines of trade and the city would droop from over-exertion and put on a dullness that it has not experienced since the dinner pail was filled and the good times brought on by protection made labor remunerative. But the city, instead, has put on its usual busy appearance and trade flourishes as of yore.

There is no reason for the apprehension that has been felt, and there is no reason for Pan-American prices of provisions to remain at the high rate prevailing when the city was filled with strangers and when the demand was greater than the local supply or at what might be considered the normal point. The millions of money left by visitors have been distributed into various channels and all have felt some benefit by disbursements for necessaries and luxuries.

The real business of the city has advanced in a wonderful ratio during the past year. Manufactories have increased. Workingmen are fully employed. In fact, unlike Chicago at the close of the World's Fair, there are certain lines of industrial work in Buffalo where workers are scarce. The retail trade is fully up to the corresponding time of last year and preparations are being made by prominent dealers for a largely extended trade over the holidays of past years.

Buffalo holds her own magnificently. There have been large real estate deals during the past few months, additional manufacturing plants have come in to enjoy the grand facilities of location and transportation, and the natural growth of the city flows on in an even way. As the hard times of Chicago after the World's Fair was mostly imaginary, so it is with Buffalo and her Exposition. Nothing has occurred here to indicate a falling off from normal conditions before the fair. In fact, the building business is giving work to a larger force of mechanics than ever before at this season, there is no complaint from the manufactories, and the winter months will bring no more than the usual curtailment of general work, while society is preparing to make new social conquests. The borrowed fears, therefore, should be dispelled and the cheerfulness and hopefulness usual to Buffalo should be allowed to flow on in their usual way.

Story 2  The cafe of the Iroquois Hotel was crowded this afternoon with the bondholders, stockholders and various creditors of the Pan-American Company. Before the meeting was called to order by President Milburn the sentiment of the creditors was ascertained and found to be almost unanimously against the proposition to throw the concern into the hands of a receiver.

The statements prepared by Mr. W. Paxton Little, auditor, and read by Mr. George L. Williams, treasurer, approximately correct. The full statement, correct in every detail, will be completed as early as possible.

The statements show the income from all sources and the expenditures for all purposes to Nov. 3, the liabilities, exclusive of capital stock and the assets available to meet such liabilities at the close of business Nov. 2.

The statements summarize as follows:
Total income, all sources   $8,869,757
Total expenditures   $9,447,703
Total assets   $146,454
Total liabilities   $1,329,634.
November 15: Story 1  Editorial

The interesting question which has been more or less in view since it became evident that the Pan-American Exposition would not take in enough money to pay its cost is at last before the creditors. What will they do with what is left of the Pan-American?

The “construction and operating creditors,” composed of contractors and others whose bills are unpaid, have voted not to throw the company into receivership. The bondholders are yet to be heard from.

The figures are presented in the statement of the company submitted at yesterday's meeting and printed in the NEWS. They need not be reviewed here. It is plain that no class of the Exposition's creditors, which include the construction contractors, bondholders and stockholders, will be paid in full, unless money is secured somewhere else than in the treasury of the Exposition. The chance of getting money elsewhere may be a factor in the solution of the question now before the creditors.

At present the choice is between bankruptcy proceedings and such a settlement as the Pan-American Company may be able to make. It is a good deal like deciding between an assignee and a receiver. If the creditors and the debtor work together, as in the case of an assignment, it is evident that a settlement may be reached more economically than through the appointment of a receiver whose percentages must come out of the assets. This is the main argument of the company to persuade the creditors to allow matters to take their course without court proceedings.

In case of an appeal to the courts and the appointment of a receiver to wind up the affairs of the company the Exposition people and their creditors would be divided at a time when it might be very much to their joint interest to keep together. This argument has not been pressed by the Exposition directors for the excellent reason that it would be unwise for them to hint, at present, at what it implies. In many of the important newspapers of the country the suggestion is being made that the Pan-American Exposition should receive aid from the national government, in proportion to what might naturally have been expected from Congress, and might have been received from Congress but for the exigencies of adjournment last spring. An article in last week's Harper's plainly bore in that direction, backing up the suggestion of the Brooklyn Eagle and other leading newspapers of the country, which urged point blank that Congress should help - seeing that a national calamity, the killing of a President, had done more than anything else to wreck the finances of the Exposition...If the company goes to Congress it must go in the name of its creditors, men who have put work or money into the enterprise and lost it through the fault of no one in the Exposition.

Story 2 Nothing better shows the quality of the public spirit of Buffalo than the common sentiment expressed yesterday by the creditors and directors of the Exposition that the idea of a memorial to the late President McKinley must not be abandoned. It is seriously proposed to buy a portion of the Rumsey lands, including the site of the Temple of Music, and there form a park to commemorate the life of the lamented chief magistrate.

Public sentiment is steadily crystallizing in favor of doing something in the line suggested and now that the situation of the Exposition on its financial side has been disclosed and it has been found to be four times more hopeful than had been stated, that is, that is has a deficiency of only a quarter of the size freely predicted, the spirit of enterprise has already revived and there is every prospect of a renewed determination to honor the great statesman here in Buffalo in a permanent way.

Official action in the premises will be delayed  but a short time and the city will show that a little thing like a small deficit cannot daunt it in the least.
November 16:  Story 1 A heavy wind struck the Exposition grounds last night. Statues were knocked over, pillars tumbled down and plaster of paris and staff flew in all directions. The cold snap of the last few days took quick effect on the staff covering of the buildings and pillars. Many cracks were apparent yesterday. When the wind came up last night it ripped the staff covering off the buildings right and left and this morning the grounds look ten times as bad as they did when the Farewell Day crowd got through with its destructive work.

Capt. Notter of the Black Rock Station made a trip through the grounds last night while the wind was at its height.

“I didn't go any nearer to the buildings and statues than I had to,” said he. “Many statues were knocked down. I saw about a dozen on the ground. Near the Bailey Catering Company's big restaurant the ground was covered with wreckage. I couldn't make out what it had been before it fell, but it must have been large from the amount of the debris on the ground.”

The police say that some roofs are likely to fall after the cold weather gets in a little more of its devastating work, if another wind storm strikes the buildings with all its force. The place is a hazardous post for patrolmen when chunks of staff and wood are falling as they were last night.

Story 2  Miss Oliver, the Spanish skirt dancer who was at the Pan-American Exposition during the entire season, has been secured to head the large bill of vaudeville at the annual entertainment of Company C, 74th Regiment, Dec. 2. Dancing will follow the entertainment, with music furnished by Kuhns orchestra.

November 17:  Letter to Editor

Editor Sunday NEWS:

During the early stages of the exposition, while looking down from the tower towards the bridge with several of my architect friends, the thought occurred to us how easy it would be to preserve the main features of the Pan-American at a relatively small cost, if the land could only be secured.

You know how strongly I fell on the point of the lack of permanency of at least the layout or fundamental idea of our exposition and how strongly I have urged, whenever the occasion presented itself, the policy of designing future expositions as a means of obtaining a grand scheme which when the buildings, which must necessarily be temporary in their character are removed the ground work or foundation would remain for the future development of the locality.

Now that the Pan-American has about out-lived its usefulness, this thought occurs to me again, and with added force, because of the general interest which now must exist on this spot on account of President McKinley's connection with it.

The work has cost the citizens of Buffalo several millions of dollars. Must all of this be thrown away? Must the canals be filled and the trees uprooted when with a relatively small sum of money all this could be preserved and, perhaps, gradually made permanent.

The buildings are necessarily not adapted to any practical use, but if all the landscape work and its features within the canals, and including the canals, could be preserved in their present state, with the Triumphal Bridge and the approach at one end and the Electric Tower at the opposite end, and the intervening buildings removed, and the spaces filled with heavy planting of big trees, so as to form a wall of green wherever there is an avenue and a background of green wherever there is a vista such as one sees at Versailles and Fontainebleau enclosing the vista from the Palace, in 10 years from now the effect would be complete.

As to the Triumphal Bridge and the Tower, as time rolls on you may get tired of them and you want to remove them. If not, the same process of preservation could be applied here and, perhaps, something might happen which will permit you to make them permanent or, perhaps, put something else permanent in their place. If this scheme were carried out it would also be most interesting to preserve the Plaza with the Stadium which would have a practical use, and the income from which would contribute to a fund for its preservation and, perhaps, for the gradual development of the rest. The spaces now occupied by the buildings could, of course, not be filled solidly with green, but they can be bordered heavily with trees, leaving in the center room enough for magnificent building sites which could be sold in time and again contribute a means to develop this scheme and, with such a scheme, all the adjoining land would come into the market at fancy prices and perhaps you might see your way clear to control enough of it to save the entire scheme.

I have mentioned my scheme in a way which I think is most feasible. I believe that, with the Park immediately adjacent, the landscape part can be preserved, and perhaps made permanent to best advantage and at less cost than the other features. Electric Tower, Bridge, etc., would follow in whatever order circumstances might determine. This thought, which occurred to me at the very beginning of the Exposition, has grown upon me and I hope that it may interest you and my other friends of the Pan-American. Even if none of it should ever be made permanent, why not keep it as long as you can and enjoy it and trust to the future for the rest. You might, perhaps, look upon it from the selfish point of view as I firmly believe that a feature like this in your city will attract, year in and year out, a large number of visitors as well as hold over those that are passing through, so that even from a municipal point of view, it would seem to me to be a wise investment. In Europe art is their great card and their best investment, and we are gradually learning to appreciate that fact in our own country.

Whatever happens to the Pan-American I shall always remember gratefully the opportunity which I have had working with you all. Yours sincerely,

John H. Carrere
New York

November 18:  Story 1  Sightseers will henceforth be excluded from the Pan-American Exposition. The order to this effect was issued by Acting Director General Newcomb Carlton on Saturday and is being rigidly enforced. No more tickets will be sold, and those who have business on the grounds will be admitted by the warden at the Wagon Gate, on presentation of passes issued by the Acting Director General.

The reason for the new order of things is that the number of paid admissions since the Exposition did not compensate for the expense of maintaining a force at the turnstiles and in the bureau of admissions necessary to manage the distribution and collection of tickets.

Story 2   Justice Childs, in Special Term this morning, appointed George H. Hedley receiver of the Columbia Hotel Company, on his filing a bond in the sum of $10,000. The order was granted on the application of attorney John. H. Brogan. At the same time all creditors were ordered to appear before Charles W. Strong, as referee, on March 25, 1902, and show cause why the company should not be dissolved.

A statement of assets and liabilities that was filed shows that the company's debts aggregate about $9000, while the assets amount to $6000. The Columbia Hotel was one of the Pan-American hotels, and the purpose for which it was organized, of course, expired with the end of the fair.
November 19:   St. Louis - It is announced unofficially that Henry Rustin, chief of the mechanical and electrical bureau at the Pan-American Exposition, who devised and carried out the scheme of electrical illumination, and who did the same work for the Omaha Exposition, has been engaged for the World's Fair. He will come to St. Louis in a few days so as to familiarize himself with the details of the architect's plans and to study out the possibilities for electrical effects upon the buildings and grounds. Extraordinary electrical features are contemplated, requiring a 20,000 horsepower plant.

November 20: Story 1 Although the aldermen refused to concur in the action of the Councilmen as to having the Temple of Music organ which has been given to the city by Mr. J.N. Adam set up in Convention Hall, it is hardly to be believed that their determination will be persisted in. It is true that Convention Hall is not a very attractive place for the organ as it exists at present, but a comparatively small amount of money will do a considerable in the direction of making it a suitable place.

In commenting on the action of the board of alderman Mr. Adam himself is quoted as saying,

“Mr. Fleischmann, Mr. Scheu of the Board of Public Works, Mr. Eisenwein, the architect, and myself went all over the Convention Hall proposition,” said Mr. Adam. “We examined it thoroughly and, upon the conclusion reached by those gentlemen, Mayor Diehl's recommendation as to the placing of the organ in Convention Hall was made. The architect described the changes that would be necessary and Mr. Scheu on the spot figured the cost at $2000. It was their opinion and necessarily mine that Convention Hall was the proper place for the organ. I am convinced that this is so, and hope that the recommendations made by these gentlemen will be adopted.”

Buffalo cannot afford to be niggardly in the face of this splendid opportunity to add to its attractive and educational features and the city fathers will get together on the question without doubt within another week.

Story 2 The total cost of the trial of Leon F. Czolgosz for the murder of President McKinley, to the County of Erie, was $1799.50, according to bills which have been audited by County Auditor Neff. This is exclusive of the wages for the jury who the court attendants say would have received the same pay whether they worked for the Czolgosz case or a trial for larceny.

The bills in the Czolgosz case were allowed in some instances as long ago as early October but the final bills, those for three deputy sheriffs who guarded Czolgosz in prison were not allowed until this morning. In the respect of expense, as predicted in the NEWS before the case was moved for trial, the Czolgosz case has been a record-breaker. It is one of the most inexpensive murder cases every tried in Erie County. The trial of Michael Sammon, a police captain, several years ago cost the County about $8000 and County Auditor Neff says this is about the most expensive trial the county ever got.

According to the records of the Criminal Term of the Supreme Court the alienists who examined the assassin were allowed the following named sums: Joseph Fowler, Floyd s. Crego and Joseph Putnam, $200 each, Allen McLane Hamilton, $100, and Dr. Carlos F. McDonald, $300. The lawyers who defended Czolgosz were allowed $500 in all. The deputy sheriffs who guarded the prisoner were allowed $144 in all. Bliss brothers, the photographers, were allowed $36.
November 21:  Story 1  While wrecking operations are suspended upon the exhibit buildings pending the determination of the awarding of the bids by the board of directors, the Midway structures are being pulled down with rapidity.

The brick pavements have been ripped up in the Streets of Cairo, the restaurant has been pulled down, and the theater where La Belle Rosa was wont to throw her charms has been turned into a stable. The place is warmed by two coal stoves and accommodates “Lil,” the big elephant, 10 camels, three sacred sheep  and several donkeys, together with nearly a score of dirty Orientals. All sleep in the same room which is littered with draperies, curtains, hay and straw, fulfilling the descriptions of khans in Turkestan.

The State buildings are being torn down, also. The Louisiana Purchase building, the Wisconsin building and the Dominican building are the farthest advanced toward demolition.

Story 2 The opinions of public men at present at the Capitol differ as to the propriety and probability of Congress voting to the Pan-American Exposition Company enough money to at least partly recompense it for the great deficit, which everybody admits was caused largely, if not wholly, by the unfortunate assassination of the late President McKinley while a guest at the Exposition.

Ex-Senator George W. McBride of Oregon, who retired from the Senate last March and who is now one of the Commissioners on the part of the Government at the St. Louis Exposition, has been back at the Capitol during the past week. In discussing the question of the Pan-American deficit with the NEWS correspondent, Senator McBride said:

“It is one of my great regrets that I was unexpectedly prevented from attending the Pan-American Exposition, as I had planned. My sister and I had expected to go to Buffalo early in September but, when the President was shot, such a feeling of awe and horror came over my sister and I that I could not induce her to longer consider the question of going there where the President had been murdered in cold blood. And so, in spite of all my urging, I was forced to abandon the trip.

“There is no doubt in my mind that there were thousands of people all over the country who were similarly affected by the awful tragedy and abandoned their contemplated trip to the Exposition in consequence. I firmly believe that at least one-half of all the deficit now confronting the Exposition managers was caused by the shooting of President McKinley. I am frank to state that were I still a member of the Senate I would willingly vote to give the Exposition the relief for which it is likely to ask.”

Among others who discussed the question was Representative B.B. Dovener, one of the leading members of the West Virginia delegation in the House, who said, “It is self-evident that the shooting of the President had much to do with crippling the Exposition and causing the great deficit shown by its balance sheet. I do not, therefore, see why Congress should not vote to share the loss by giving the Exposition Company the money it asked Congress to loan it in the closing hours of the last Congress.”

On the other hand, Senator Burrows of Michigan and Representative Hepburn of Iowa both expressed doubts that Congress could be induced to make any appropriation for the Exposition's relief, the former saying he did not see any reason why such an appropriation should be made, and latter saying he did not believe one would be made.

November 22:  There is one Pan-American creditor who has refused to cast his lot with the others and take his share of whatever may be left to be divided up at the finish. This creditor is C.M. Clapp  & Co.

Last spring the Exposition Company entered into a contract with the firm for shoes with which to fit out the members of the Pan-American police force. The Exposition Company obtained the shoes and parceled them out among the patrolmen, collecting for them promptly as in the case of the patrolmen's uniforms, from their scanty wages. The company, however, never made any movement toward paying C.M. Clapp & Co. for the shoes.

The firm, knowing the Exposition Company was on its uppers, made no attempt to enforce collection until it was told it would have to stand in line with the other creditors and take what crumbs might fall from the bondholders' table.

Then it brought suit against the Exposition Company, secured a judgment for $400 and yesterday Sheriff Caldwell levied upon the contents of the Press Building, attaching 35 roll top desks and various other articles of furniture.

November 23:   Story 1  Under the sharp attacks of the wreckers, the Midway has rapidly sunk into ruin the past week. Today the erstwhile “Lane of Laughter,” was a Row of Ruination. There was scarcely a building but shows the effect of the wreckers' ax, crowbar and lever.

Esau's former home, which was occupied by some concert hall riff-raff toward the latter end of the Exposition, is almost completely demolished. The wrecker is Albert Honer of West Seneca who has bought all the Bostock buildings.

The brick pavements are ripped up in the Streets of Nations, Streets of Venice and Fair Japan. Sadler & Co. secured most of the bargains in bricks. The roof has been torn off the “Ideal Palace,” and Michael Firmin's hot roast beef sandwich establishment is likewise unroofed, and the big brick fireplace and grate have been carted off.

L. .A. Thompson has wrecked his Scenic Railway and the job is nearly finished. He will take the building to Rockaway Beach. Flierl and Riemann have removed the bark fence from “Darkest Africa” and are using the materials to make snug the restaurant in Alt Nurnberg for its expected winter patronage.

The Philippine Village and Cora Beckwith's building are almost demolished by Rice brothers. J.H. Rebstock has nearly completed the wrecking of the War Cyclorama, and Ed Rose has torn down the American Inn. The mob partially wrecked Pabst's place on Farewell night. The frame still stands, however, awaiting a customer.

J.H. Horn and Joseph Hoak are wrecking the popcorn pavilion and Fred St. John has torn down all but the portico of the Temple of Cleopatra. Jon Dunnavant has undertaken the wrecking of “Darkness and Dawn,” “The Old Southern Plantation,” “Bonner's Stable,” “The Fall of Babylon,” and the “Trip to the Moon.” The wrecking of the glass factory shop will be done by Frederick Tunmore & Son.

Story 2  The executive committee of the Pan-American Exposition has issued orders that one turnstilekeeper be kept at the West Amherst gate, and that visitors be charged 25 cents admission. The plan will be tried as an experiment for one week.

November 24: The Pan-American Exposition buildings have been sold at a sacrifice. All the lovely creations that occupied years in building and that cost upward of $4,000,000 have been disposed of for $93,000. This is at the rate of 2 cents on the dollar.

For this small sum the Chicago Wrecking Company gets the Electric Tower, the Temple of Music, the Stadium of glorious memory where athletes struggled for the mastery, and where often the populace, barehanded, defied Col. Byrne's police, the bridges, Grotto, the Triumphal Causeway, the bandstands and the sculptures.

The sacrifice was decided by the Executive Committee at its meeting yesterday. The work of wrecking will begin as soon as the details of the contract can be arranged.

The Chicago Wrecking Company submitted an amended bid to Acting Director-General Newcomb Carlton for wrecking the buildings yesterday. The details of the bid occupied the Executive Committee all yesterday afternoon.

The new bid was necessitated by the fact that under the former specifications there were many things included concerning the ownership of which there was liable to be considerable expensive litigation, such as electric light wires and cables which were rented, together with other articles which the Exposition has disposed of by private sale.

Under the new bid the Chicago firm offers $93,000 for all of the buildings of every description belonging to the Exposition Company. It includes, in brief, everything built of stone, wood, steel or staff within and including the fence except, of course, the Midway and State buildings which were not built by the Exposition.

Under the bid the Chicago House Wrecking Company offers to tear down and remove the buildings, bridges, canal sheathing and groups of statuary, removing even the piles upon which the buildings are erected, and clearing away all the debris. The Temple of Music, in which President McKinley was assassinated, and the Stadium, both of which it has been thought might be saved, are scheduled for destruction.

After careful discussions, the executive committee decided to accept the offer, under certain conditions to be prescribed by Acting Director-General Carlton and Robert F. Schelling, the attorney for the committee.

The cost of constructing the buildings, which the wrecking company gets for $93,000, was $4,596,583.09. All the Exposition Company realizes in the way of salvage from the enormous sum amounts to about 2 percent of the cost of construction. And this does not provide for restoring the grounds to their original state.

November 25: Story 1 Before the Chicago Wrecking Company can begin tearing down the Pan-American Exposition buildings, which it has bought for $93,000, there is some preliminary wrecking to be done by the legal advisors of the Exposition Company. The chief obstructions to be removed are derelicts in the shape of liens upon the Pan-American property which have been secured by diligent creditors. The amounts under the claims covered by these liens aggregate $88,284.57.

These have been accumulating for over a year, but the majority have been piled up in the County Clerk's office since last August.

The Exposition Company has accepted the bid of the wrecking company, but the latter insists upon receiving the property unencumbered by these liens. To deliver the goods free from these objectionable features is the task awaiting the legal expert of the Expostion, Robert F. Schelling.

Almost all of the claimants have obtained liens upon the grounds with the buildings upon them. One, William G. Thomas, has placed his upon the Stadium, but the rest specify various parcels of ground or the entire Exposition. The various claimants together with the amounts of their claims and the dates which they were recorded in the County Clerk's office are as follows:

Fred. A. Menge, Aug. 8, 1900, $75.60, Mayo and Rohrer Co., Aug. 1, 1901, $2,929.65, Thomas Brown, Aug. 16, 1901, $27,652.73, Dunnevant & Thompson, Aug. 24, 1901, $1612, Thomas Brown, Aug 28, 1901, four claims for $324.83. &618.82, $791.86, and $26,016.09, repsectively, The Hanley-Casey Co, of Chicago, Nov. 22, 1901, $22,224.

The heaviest creditors in this list are Thomas Brown and the Hanley-Case company. Brown was a bidder for the wrecking of the buildings, but as he offered only about enough to wipe out his claim he was turned down. The Hanley-Case company installed the largest part of the plumbing in the buildings.

Mr. Schelling could not state this morning when he would be able to adjust matters with the claimants under the liens, and expressed a preference for not discussing the matter at all.

As soon as the difficulties connected with securing a clear title are disposed of, the wrecking company will begin the work of demolition. It will employ about 300 men at first, increasing the number as winter requires, until the gangs will number about 1500 toward spring. It is proposed to give employment to Buffalo labor, although the company is at liberty to hire where they will.

As fast as the buildings are taken down, the materials will be sorted and stored away until purchasers come along. It is not thought that there will be much delay connected with this, as the demand for lumber is uniformly steady.

The same firm wrecked the Chicago World's Fair, the Omaha Exposition and the Chicago postoffice. It paid $80,000 for the World's Fair buildings after the fire got through with them, and $15,519 for the Omaha buildings.

Story 2 Thousands of persons who visited the Pan-American Exposition last summer, will learn with regret of the death at the Buffalo General Hospital Saturday night of J.W. Schuckers, the secretary of the New Jersey State Commission.

In common with many of her sister states, New Jersey erected a building at the Exposition. Many of the buildings were larger and all were more costly, but in none was there a more homelike feeling than were to be found in the elegant little structure that bore the ancient coat of arms of the Jerseys. This was due to the courteous management of Secretary Schuckers who had charge of the building during the entire Pan-American season.

His hospitality was catholic and indiscriminating. The latch-key of the New Jersey was always hung out for every visitor. Tired women and children from any state were as welcome to seek its cushioned wall-benches and easy chairs for rest from the burning sun as if they were residents of that state, and the autographs of the visitors from all over the Union are as numerous in the register as those of New Jerseyites. Secretary Schuckers had a pleasant greeting and a hearty “Come Again” for every comer. He conveyed the impression that he delighted in seeing his domain well filled, and his hospitality is one of the brightest memories that many a visitor carried from the Exposition.

Secretary Schuckers had completed his duties at the Exposition except some little details connected with closing out the building and its furnishings when, during the early part of this month, he contracted a cold. This developed rapidly into pneumonia, which terminated fatally after an illness of about ten days during which time he was cared for at the General Hospital.

Mr. Schuckers began his career as a successful newspaper man and was private secretary to Salmon P. Chase, who was Secretary of the Treasury under President Lincoln. His biograph of the great financier of the Civil War is a standard work.

Mrs. John Hoberly and her daughter of Washington, the former being a sister of the deceased gentleman, arrived in this city on Sunday and took the body to the Capitol city Sunday evening for interment.

November 26:  Story 1 The latest development in the passing of the Pan-American Exposition is the announcement that the Exposition Company will not restore the grounds to their original grade. These tidings create no excitement, having been expected ever since it was learned that the Exposition Company was coming out with a surplus on the wrong side of the balance sheet. If the Exposition Company had no money, it was clear enough that it would not be able to hire men to fill up the ditches and canals.

The Exposition Company is under $50,000 bonds to D.P. and B.C. Rumsey to restore the grounds to their former condition, but it is a company bond and not an individual one, hence not counted a very valuable asset under the circumstances.

Were the bond an individual one the president of the company and the board of directors and members of the executive committee would be held individually to carry out the contract. Matters looked so rosy, however, at the beginning of the Exposition project that a personal bond was not thought of.

The burning question just now is, who will get the $93,000 offered by the Chicago House Wrecking Company for the buildings? The Exposition management is in favor of turning the money over to the bondholders, and it is the duty of Attorney Robert F. Schelling to persuade the construction and operating creditors that the bird in the bush in the shape of the desired appropriation by Congress is better than the $93,000 bird in the hand. At least one creditor, Timothy McEvoy & Son, doesn't seem to share this view, for the firm yesterday got out an injunction against the wrecking of the Temple of Music, Manufactures building and Service building until its $7000 judgment is satisfied. The only hope of compromise is that the creditors and board of directors may come to some agreement at the next meeting of their respective committees.

Story 2 By unanimous vote, the board [of Aldermen] adopted a resolution tending towards installing the Temple of Music organ in the City Convention Hall. A report was submitted by the special committee of the Alderman, which met with a committee from the Board of Councilmen and the Commissioners of Public Works, to this effect. This report stated in substance the Convention Hall is better in many ways than most halls and churches in the city for the purpose, and the total installation expenses will not exceed $2100. Few changes will have to be made. The organ is to be placed in the north end of the hall, where it will have a thick brick wall at its back and where a concrete foundation will be constructed for its foundation. The organ weighs 15 tons. The roof will not have to be raised, but two girders will have to be removed and replaced by columns.

The resolution submitted in connection with the report was that the Board of Public Works should prepare plans and specifications for the necessary work and call for bids. This resolution was adopted.

November 27:  Story 1 The Board of Park Commissioners held a meeting yesterday afternoon with Newcomb Carlton, Acting Director-General of the late Exposition, in order to be apprised of some new art treasures that have fallen into the lap of that body.

The meeting was held in Ellicott Square. There the guardians of the parks were notified that the Exposition Company would not be able to restore the park grounds to their former condition, but that the city would gain by way of compensation all the works of art upon that part of the domain of the Rainbow City.

These treasures consist of:

The pile of rock in the lake that was the site of the Electric fountain, the pumps and motor machinery being taken away by the owners.
Four plaster lions upon the new park bridge.
The equestrian statue of an Indian near the New York State building, by John Rumsey. Two groups on the north and south sides of the New York State building representing Progress, or something like it.
A huge group squatting on the ground near the Temporary Fine Arts building, abounding in plaster and nudity, and called the “Fountain of the Genius of Man.”

The nearest it will ever come to being a fountain will be when some indignant Carrie Nation turns a hose on it. It was proposed originally to locate this at the head of the grand basin facing the “Fountain of Abundance”, but some of the Exposition officials favored the deepest part of the lake, so the banishment to the woods near the Art Gallery was decided upon as a compromise.

The situation is embarrassing to the Park Department. It has no money to pay for the restoration of the grounds, and hardly knows what to do with the statuary. The weather will settle this latter difficulty, however, if the groups are allowed to stay where they are through the winter.

Story 2 That the Pan-American Exposition Company has a rocky legal road to travel before it can give the Chicago House Wrecking Company clearance papers to go ahead with the wrecking of the Exposition buildings is indicated in the attitude of Ansley Wilcox, the attorney for B.C. and D.P. Rumsey.

Mr. Wilcox was interviewed concerning his intentions by a NEWS reporter yesterday. As top what means he intends to use to compel the Exposition Company to carry out its agreement to restore the Rumsey property to its previous condition, Mr. Wilcox preserved an ominous silence. The Rumsey brothers, he stated, are both sick men and he has not discussed the matter with them. But that he intends to take some step is clearly indicated in the following statement:

“In regard to the restoration of the grounds to their previous condition,” said Mr. Wilcox, “the situation seems to be pretty complicated, and I cannot undertake to explain it fully.

“All the facts have been published in the past” - here Mr. Wilcox showed a clipping from the Buffalo Evening News, Sept. 18, 1899, which contained a statement of the conditions of the lease by President Milburn – “and there is nothing to conceal about it, but there are so many ramifications that I cannot undertake to state them.

“I don't think the Exposition Company can make a contract for wrecking and removing the buildings without the consent of the landlords as well as all other parties who have or claim liens or interests in the buildings.

“It seems to be a case requiring unanimous consent to enable anything to be done.”

Mr. Wilcox stated that the Exposition Company had paid the rent due by quarterly installments, the next of which, from September to December, is not yet due.

According to President Milburn's statement of the conditions of the lease of the Rumsey lands for Exposition for Exposition purposes, the Exposition Company secured 100 acres from B.C. and D.P. Rumsey. This lease was to expire by July 1, 1903. The annual rental, computed upon the assessed valuation at the rate of 4 percent, was $8913 for the 100 acres and $6983 for the 75 acres. The lessors to be protected from all taxes and assessments during the term of the leases.

It was agreed that the Exposition buildings would be removed by July 2, 1902, and the natural grade of the premises restored by Jan. 1, 1903. Ordinary trees to be set out were to remain or be removed as the lessor might prefer and the same was true of ordinary fences and gates.

Collaterally, it was agreed that the Exposition Company having acquired the property at Amherst street and Delaware avenue occupied as a saloon and the adjacent property which was the only portion of the whole block not owned by B.C. Rumsey, when the Exposition Company was done with the property it would sell it for residential purposes only and deed a strip 80 feet wide to Mr. Rumsey for a street to his property on Amherst street if it is opened as a thoroughfare within 25 years.

The final provision of the agreement contained an arrangement by which the Exposition Company was to create a special fund of $50,000 to be used in restoring the grounds to their original grade.

The Louis Schoellkopf property which was the site of the lower Midway was leased for $6250 a year and was to be restored to its former condition within 2 years and 11 months. The same was true of the William R. Pierce property.

November 28:  [Thanksgiving Day - no paper published. The following is from the Letters to the Editor, November 27]

Please give the following information:

1. What were the number of lights in the Pan-American tower?
 The number of lights on the Electric Tower were 11,000.
2. Were reserved seats sold at the life saving drill after the most interesting part of the performance was dropped on account of the temperature of the water?
3. What was Director General Buchanan's salary?
The salary of Director General Buchanan was $1000 a month.
4. What was the amount to be paid the Rumseys for the use of their land?
Secretary Fleming states that the average rental paid for the B.C. Rumsey property was $87.80 an acre, that of B.C. and D.P. Rumsey, 71 acres, was $97.45 an acre. The price was estimated at the rate of 4 percent of assessed valuation. The taxes were also to be paid by the Exposition Company. In this connection Mr. Fleming states, it may be of interest to know, that the Schoellkopf property, 24 acres, used by the Exposition, brought an annual average rental of $255 an acre, and the Pierce property, included in the grounds, an average annual rental of $383 an acre. The lease of the Rumsey property expires July 1, 1903, unless vacated sooner by the Exposition Company.
5. Is it true that many concessions had to be obtained through the medium of one or more farming out companies who had previously obtained exclusive rights? If so, were any Exposition officials interested in such companies?    E.M.
No. The concessions were not farmed out. They were let to individuals with the proviso that they were not to be sublet. Some individuals obtained concessions who were allied with other concessionaires in operating two or three in common. Toward the close of the Exposition one or two concessionaires were authorized by the Exposition Company to sublet a part of their space to new concessions. No Exposition official was supposed to be interested financially in concessions, but it is understood that several were indirectly interested thus in one or two.

November 29:  Story 1 Exhibitors who won first, second or third class awards at the Pan-American Exposition are not to be deprived of their gold, silver and bronze medals through the insolvency of the Exposition Company. At the meeting of the executive committee yesterday, the privilege was conferred upon the exhibitors of ordering the medals of the Gorham company, New York, and of paying for them at cost price. The gold medals will cost $7.50 each, the silver medals $5, and the bronze $1.50, plain or $3.00 gilded.

The executive committee also devoted much attention to the problem of turning the buildings over to the Chicago House Wrecking Company. The chief obstacle is the $88,000 worth of liens upon the buildings. Robert F. Schelling is trying to devise a legal plan whereby the liens may be laid upon the $93,000 offered for the buildings, but whether the creditors will consent to placing their hopes upon an asset as moveable as money remains to be seen.

Story 2 There are more ragged old bank bills, government notes and ancient silver coin that have been put into circulation in Buffalo during the Pan-American Exposition than have been seen for a quarter of a century.

A searcher after the cause found many of the cashiers of shows and other places who could give explanations. One money taker of a midway performance said: “It's simple enough. Farmers from the interior of New York State, Pennsylvania and Ohio have been attracted to the Exposition because they could see a big show cheap. The take their hoard of old silver coins and small bills which have been out of circulation and in their stockings and teapots for years and turn them loose here. It is hard on the city folks, but the farmers would be insulted if you refused their old coin.”

A cashier of a German resort said:”There are thousands of Germans who came to this country and worked hard for years saving their small change. They come here and spend old dimes and quarters saved on the farm as if they were five dollar bills.”

Another shrewd observer said: “You see, there are thousands of people who come to the Exposition who do not fully know the value of coins. Many unscrupulous people are making it a business to collect all the battered coin which would be refused in New York and send it here to be palmed off on the hayseeds and foreigners. Plugged coins which would be refused in New York and which would have to be sold for a large discount find their way here and pass at full face value. Then again there are many Canadian people who have battered United States currency which they want to get rid of. It seems as if all the old garrets of this state had been racked to find old bills and coin to be put into circulation during the Exposition.”

The custom is established at the Exposition not to refuse battered coin, because it is so easy to pass it through the cash drawer to the next unsuspecting visitor.

November 30: Story 1  [editorial] Mr. J.N. Adam's magnificent gift to Buffalo, the Temple of Music organ, has been carefully removed from the Exposition building and is now safely housed in the Convention Hall. It is said the work of transfer has been accomplished without any mishap and the parts of the splendid instrument are now in the possession of the city in first-class order.

Next comes the duty of the city in the matter of putting it in position. Whatever changes are necessary for the proper setting up of the organ should be made at once and all that is possible be done to make the Convention Hall audience room a fit place to enjoy its music. The organ will receive harm and the community suffer loss in two ways by every bit of unnecessary delay in the matter of getting the organ reassembled. The city wants to pay any reasonable sum for the work, so let it be done promptly and thoroughly.

Story 2 It the city wishes to buy Exposition buildings it now has the opportunity. The Treasury Department, through Secretary Gage, this morning notified Mayor Diehl that the Government's appraisers had fixed the price of the Government Building at the Exposition at $5000 and that Buffalo will have the first opportunity to buy it at that figure.

The city will not buy it, the Mayor thinks, and the Exposition Company will have the next chance. It is doubtful if the Exposition Company will buy it and the building, in that event, will be thrown on the market. The Government has only the one price.

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