October 1: Story 1 Ho for Baby Land.
Today the wooly lamb and the shaggy lion that squeaks when you press down on him are seen at the Exposition, and the little children trainers lead them. All the infants hold royal court in the Esplanade. Their scepter is the rattle box, and they have only to stretch out one hand to bring all their attendants to them on the run.
The occasion is called Juvenile Day, but it is really a Congress of Household rulers. The royal ceremonies began at 3 o'clock with a parade. All the equipages in which generations of the Dynasty of the Household Darlings have been wont to ride in state guarded by their obsequious subjects from among the Grown-ups were in line.
There were the ancient wicker cart with hood of green homespun, 120 years old, contributed by Lee Powers of the Longfellow house. There were hand carts and push-carts and go-carts and express carts. You could see patrol wagons even, and carts drawn by goats, and by lions, and ponies, dogs and nurses. There were bicycles and tricycles. The vehicles are a study in the evolution of the baby cart in themselves.
Then there were floats and carriages. The floats from various institutions in the city, together with the colors of the decorations and the names of those in charge, are as follows :
Angel Guardian Mission -
Mrs. Herbert P. Bissell, colors pink and white
St. Mary's Infant Asylum - Mrs. Thomas Stoddart, colors blue and gold
St. John's Protectorate - Mrs. Harry H. Voght
St. Vincent's Orphan Asylum - Mrs. James Mooney
Fourteenth City Kindergarten - Mrs. John G. Milburn
Fresh Air Mission - Miss Olivia Moore
Two floats from Cradle Beach
Floats from the Fitch Creche
Harry Hamlin sends a coach and a buckboard, the latter to be drawn by the famous team of diving elks from Wild Water Sports. Seward Cary sends his coach, and Lautz Brothers their four-in-hand. Spencer Kellogg also sends a decorated carriage. Such miles of splendor have never been equaled at the Exposition. In arranging for children's day every effort has been made to enlist the interest of parents, and it looks as if they were interested...
The weather was all that could be desired for the occasion. The sunshine was warm and brilliant, and there was just enough breeze to wave the flags upon the buildings. Director of Amusements Buckley said that he had never had better weather for a baby show and baby coach parade.
In the West Esplanade a grandstand for the judges had been erected near the bandstand. It was trimmed with blue and gold, the carnival colors. The bandstand was festooned with branches of pine and hemlock. In front of the stand a white tent had been erected. This was to afford seclusion for the babies and their mothers during the progress of the baby show.
The babes did not begin to arrive until afternoon. At 1 o'clock they began to pour through the Elmwood gate and the vicinity of the Women's Building began to look like a kindergarten playground. There were babies in arms, babies just able to toddle and yearlings and two-year olds that couldn't be restrained from romping. Childhood was represented in all its stages up to 9 years.
Autumn was beggared for decoration for the baby coaches. All the fall flowers and autumn leaves were sent to the Women's Building early in the morning against the arrival of the coaches. The work of trimming occupied the time from 11 o'clock until high noon.
Maj. Charles Wolf, the grand marshal of the parade had the hardest hour of his life getting the divisions of the parade located, and those in each division in their proper place. The young ones would not stay put. The major charged back and forth and up and down the line. “It isn't a soldier they want at this business,” he was heard to exclaim, “it's a school ma'am they should have for grand marshal.”
Story 2 Today the Pan-American Exposition enters upon the last lap, and the financial outlook is one that is agitating both those who are directly and those who are indirectly interested in the success of the fair. The books of the company were balanced yesterday to wind up the month's business. The company had cash on hand, $2,563,000. Profit for the month of September was about $900,000. Considering the difficulties under which the Exposition labored this showing is considered very good.
A few weeks ago payment was unanimously ordered by the board of directors of 50 percent of the first mortgage bonds and 30 percent of the contractors' claims. Although the funds in hand were ample to make these payments, they are still unpaid. And thereby hangs a tale. It has been said payment was delayed by the absence from town of Mr. Geroge V. Forman of the bankers' committee, which is true. But there was another reason.
When the bankers' committee assumed control of the Exposition finances, it as understood that all moneys were to be turned over to the committee, less a certain amount to be allowed for current operating expenses. Mr. Forman was made trustee of the funds. Now it leaks out that instead of turning over all the money to the trustee, the company withheld certain sums and paid some of the more pressing claims. A protest so warm that it made some Exposition officials perspire was at once entered and notice was given that all money must be paid over to the trustee in full or something would drop. Mr. Forman departed for the Muskoka Lakes and the contractors' claims remained unpaid.
The amount of the Exposition bonds is $3,000,000. What is owing to the contractors is carefully withheld, but it has been reported to be $750,000. Accordingly the $2,563,000 does not represent a surplus, had the payments ordered by the board of directors been made.
Some of the members of the finance committee, it is said, believe the payment to the contractors should have been made without delay, while others prompted by the more insistent bond holders want their money, which according to the agreement, gave the bonds first (illegible) over and above everything. Some of the committee deprecate this attitude decidedly, claiming that inasmuch as the contractors put up their money in the work, dollar for dollar, with the bondholders, the division should at least be share and share alike. It as been suggested that the proceeds of Buffalo Day be put aside for the contractors. They will lose heavily unless additional payments are made.
At present the operation of the Exposition is all that could be desired, both from the standpoint of economy and efficiency. Eventually it is believed the financial difficulty will be resolved to the satisfaction of the creditors. It is not disputed that there will be nothing for the stockholders, however, unless the windup of affairs should disclose an unexpected realization of assets.
October 2: Sunshine Day at the Pan-American will be Oct. 12, Saturday, and there is already reason to anticipate one of the largest gatherings in the history of the Exposition.
The International Sunshine Society has 100,000 scattered all over the world. It has more than 10,000 in the State of New York. It is peculiar in having no dues and no initiation fee except a kind act. There is a general office at 96 Fifth avenue, New York, which makes of itself a simple clearing house of human sympathy, putting members in communication with other members who have corresponding tastes and sympathies. It is not a charity. It has poor members and rich members, struggling members and well-to-do members, but each has paid dues in form of a kind act, and is on the same level.
The idea of this society is to “pass on” whatever one has no further use for, instead of letting it be destroyed. Some of the most prominent of American women are interested in the work, and the idea has spread like wildfire among churches and Sunday-schools of all denominations. The society has absolutely no sectarian connection, and aims only to make life happier for everybody.
Naturally, thousands of school children are members, and two of the largest branches in the world are in the two big high schools in Buffalo. Mrs. Cynthia Westover Alden, the president general, spoke at each of these high schools when she was here at the Congress of Mothers.
There will be a meeting Sunshine Day in the Temple of Music from 1 to 5 o'clock, a reception in the Women's Building from 4 to 6 o'clock, with an evening session in the New York State Building.
October 3: New hope of making the Pan-American Exposition the success it deserves was born yesterday in the meeting of the Central Passenger Association and Canadian lines in the New York State Building.
As the outcome of a conference held there the representatives of the Exposition Company and of the various roads included under the Canadian and Central Passenger Association territory, it was arranged that sweeping reductions will be made from all points within the territory and the Exposition beginning next Saturday.
On and after that date the rate will be one-fourth of that charged for the regular round-trip ticket, on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, good for five days.
Some of the rates which are cited as samples are as follows –
Chicago, $6.75; Cincinnati, $6.65; Grand Rapids, $5.15; Toledo, $8.15; Springfield, Ill., $8.40; Zanesville, O., $4.60; Hamilton, Ont., $5.80; St. Louis, $9.15; Columbus, O.; $4.60; Peoria, $8.00; Louisville, $7.90; Indianapolis, $6.65; Dayton, O., $5.30; Detroit, $3.50.
President John G. Milburn and his co-workers in the Pan-American Exposition Company may be thanked for securing such unprecedented rates to the Exposition. On Saturday he learned that a number of general passenger agents belonging to the Central Association were in the city. President Milburn, George P. Sawyer, Capt. J.T. Jones and W. Caryl Ely arranged a meeting with them and after an informal discussion a meeting of the general passenger agents of the Central Passenger Association was called for yesterday in the New York State Building.
President Milburn and Mr. Sawyer made an appeal for lower rates during the remainder of the Exposition. They put the whole subject of the Exposition and its needs before the railroad men so convincingly that everything they asked for was granted.
“It was the lowest rate ever given to an exposition, “said President Milburn this morning, “and will have a great effect upon the attendance from now on.”
October 4: Story 1 Last night heavy frost worked havoc among the floral beauties of the Exposition. At sunrise it lay white and heavy upon the grass bordering the Fountain of Abundance, in the Rose Gardens and in the Old-Fashioned garden, and on the wooden railings of the bridges and buildings.
The damages it inflicted were not noticeable until after the sun came out. Then the drooping flowers told the story. Only the hardiest perennials, such as the asters and pansies, escaped the general blight. All the others looked as if a fire had passed too near them.
The profusion of asters and hardy perennials is so great, however, that the floral features will still be attractive, unless one or two heavy frosts follow.
Story 2 At the opening of the 35th annual convention of the American Institute of Architects yesterday in the assembly room of the New York State Building President Milburn paid the profession a delicate tribute in its relation to the success of the Pan-American.
“Never,” he said, “in the history of expositions has there been a more carefully conceived and wrought-out fundamental plan than that of the Pan-American Exposition. Its execution has kept pace with its conception. When the Exposition was completed, I went all over it with people whose judgment I respected, and when I heard what they had to say about the work of the architects, I made up my mind that, whatever was the fate of the Pan-American Exposition, three-fourths of it was a pronounced success, because of the superb way in which the board of architects had done its work. Our indebtedness to the board, as an Exposition Company, and to the profession, is inexpressibly without limits or bounds.”
Other addresses of welcome were made by Mayor Diehl and Director-General Buchanan.President R. S. Peabody of Boston read the president's annual address and the programme of the convention was then taken up.
The board of directors presented several important recommendations which were approved by the association. The principal recommendations are as follows: That Congress be urged to provide for a United States supervising architect who shall have charge of all Government buildings and who shall act as the representative of the Government in all matters relating to buildings, that the actual designing and supervision of Government buildings be given to architects in the open field, as is now done for certain buildings under the Tarsney Act; that the institute take steps for a World's Congress of Architects, to be held at the Louisiana Exposition at St. Louis in 1903; that after 1902 all admissions to membership in the association shall be by examination, the applicants to take an examination similar to that of colleges which award a diploma in architecture; that the pay of all experts employed in heating, ventilating and electrical engineering shall not be taken from the fees of the supervising architect, but shall be paid by the owner.
Luncheon was enjoyed in the banquet room at 1 o'clock and at 2 o'clock business was resumed. Papers were read by William A. Boring of New York and John H. Rankin of Philadelphia. Last evening the 200 members of the association witnessed the illumination of the Exposition and afterward attended a banquet at Alt Nurnberg.
October 5: Story 1 The concluding festivities of carnival week will be held this evening. The Mardi Gras procession will be held at 8:30 o'clock, starting from the approach and parading through the approach and Midway. It will be illuminated by Greek fire.
The fireworks display tonight will be magnificent and at its close a battle of confetti will be waged on the Midway.
The order of the parade for tonight is as follows:
1. Platoon of Exposition
2. Grand Marshal and aides. Grand marshal, Maj. Charles J Wolf, aides, Capt. F. H. Holtz, Lieut. W. G. Smith, Capt. L. V. Laurer, Lieut. James L. Bennett.
3. Brooke's Marine Band
4. Section 1 - Lieut. B.B. Daggett, marshal, division 3, decorated roller chairs and Jinrickshaws.
5. Section 2 - Lee Ephriam, marshal, division 4, decorated bicycles, tricycles, etc. Division 9, decorated automobiles and motor cycles.
6. 74th Regiment Band.
7. Section 3 - Lieut. Walter H. Reed, marshal, division 10, decorated floats as follows: King, Sentiment, Hope, Art, Indolence, Fame, Frivolity, Religion, Music, Indulgence, Venture, Riches, Jealousy, Folly, Love, Marriage, Devotion, Contentment.
These floats will be accompanied by the King and his Court, as follows:
Prime Minister, Sir L.A. Stillings
Lord High Chancellor, Sir Frank C. Bostock
Master of the Common Royal Purse, Sir William T. Benham
Dispenser of the Yellow Label and Blue Prime, Sir J.A. Filcher
Grand Corrector of Telephone Abuses, Sir W. Jac. Marland
Keeper of the Royal Seal, Sir S. J. Bear
Register of the Royal Will, Sir Paul W. Bossart
Royal Hot Air Fan, Sir Fred P. Fox
Grand Vizier, Sir Frederick Cummins.
Story 2 People who went to the Exposition on Thursday may have noticed an elderly gentleman wearing an old gray coat of ancient design who walked somewhat feebly around the grounds with the assistance of a cane, but who displayed an absorbing interest in all that was to be seen. The old man is H.W. Hovey of St. Albans, W. Va. and he called the NEWS office yesterday afternoon with a tale that was not without its pathetic features.
“I've been tramping all over this city looking for my boarding house and I can't find it,” he said. “I want to find it because I left my valise there, and besides I want to tell the people why I did not return.
“You see, I'm 74 years old now, and although I have taught school many years and have been Mayor and Councilman in St. Albans, my memory isn't as good as it used to be. When I arrived here I was met at the railroad station by a young man who went with me to this boarding house. It couldn't have been more than five city squares from the station and it was a nice place and I left my valise there. Then I went to the Exposition. I had a card with the address on it, but I lost it and I did not return from the fair until 11 o'clock. I've been tramping all day trying to find that place and I can't.”
Today Mr. Hovey will visit the Mayor's office and go through the 1000 names of the solicitors who have taken out licenses. He hopes to recognize the name of his boarding house keeper.
October 6: The only new developments in the Czolgosz case is that he has begun to read and ask for books from the prison library. The assassin is hated by other occupants condemned who consider themselves in another class. Convict Egnor who killed Keeper Benedict has obtained a picture of McKinley which he has framed and draped in mourning. His cell is between Czolgosz's and the death chamber. He has planned to hang the picture facing outward at the grating of the cell door and to dare the assassin to look at it as he goes by on the dead march, Oct. 28.
Warden Mead has given orders to the gatekeeper not to allow any man to enter the prison who is unknown to him unless properly vouched for, or has undoubted credentials.
October 7: Story 1 Nearly 500 club women bent on wordy dissipation left New York City this morning on the <i>official</i> train over the Erie railroad for the annual convention of the New York State Federation of Women's clubs in Buffalo. The start will be made at 8:40 and 8:35 a.m. from the different ferries. Stragglers will be picked up all along the line and the special is due in the Exposition city at 8 o'clock p.m.
For seven years the Federation has been discussing, and during that time has rolled up as snowball comprising 225 clubs and well nigh 40,000 women. Avowedly non-partisan, it has thus far contrived to steer clear of religions or political entanglement.
There are political clubs within the sacred enclosure, but “civil service reform” and kindred topics have kept the tacit compact of non-inflammable matter. Circumstances, however, have brought about the very crisis the administration has so sedulously sought to avoid, and the color question to be decided at the coming convention involves a political no less than a social phase.
Story 2 Supt. Emerson of the Department of Education this afternoon sent a self-explanatory communication to the aldermen which will be hailed with delight by the school children of the city. The communication is as follows:
“I think it is probably that the directors of the Pan-American Exposition will arrange to admit the children of the public schools at a reduced rate of 15 cents each. In order to carry out this plan successfully it will be necessary that special tickets be printed and that they be handled by the principals and teachers. As this action might be construed as a violation of the ordnance, I would respectfully recommend that your Honorable Body sanction this plan by authorizing the tickets to be sold in the schools.
“I am heartily in favor of enabling as many school children as possible to attend the Exposition. There are many exhibits that will be of service in supplementing their school studies and increasing their general information. My aim will be not simply to have the children roam about the grounds in a haphazard way, but to have them taken by their teachers in a systematic manner to exhibits where they will receive the most benefit. This plan would entail no expense upon the city.”
The aldermen will grant the authority asked for.
October 8: Story 1 Sheriff Caldwell was in Auburn yesterday on official business which necessitated his calling at Auburn prison. He was treated to a sample of the vigilance with which the authorities there are guarding Leon Czolgosz, the murderer of President McKinley. The Sheriff was stopped at the door to the prison and had to wait 15 minutes while his card was taken inside. His identity being established, he had no trouble in getting in, but he didn't ask to see the prisoner, knowing that such a request would be useless.
“They are guarding the assassin closely, “ said he. “He is kept in solitary confinement and not even the death watch speak to him. Even the Warden of the prison hasn't seen him yet.”…
Visitors are not admitted to Auburn now, as was customary before Czolgosz was taken there. The Sheriff says that only persons known by the warden are allowed inside the prison gate. Formerly almost anybody could get in.
Story 2 A session of the Convocation of Lutheran Musicians' Union, which began this morning at St. John's German Lutheran Church on Hickory street was continued this afternoon in the Temple of Music at the Pan-American Exposition. The convocation is held annually and brings together choirs and individual singers of all churches in the Eastern Lutheran Synod for the purpose of discussing questions relative to music in the church and of listening to addresses upon topics of interest to the church choir.
The pastor of St. John's Church, Rev. J. A. Kirsch, presided. The address of welcome on behalf of the Lutheran churches of this city was made by Rev. F. A. Kahler of Holy Trinity Lutheran Church. Other speakers were Rev. T. E. Schmauk, D.D. of Lebanon, Pa., and Dr. A Spaeth, D.D., of Philadelphia.
The full choir sang “Abide With Me”, and the singing by the audience of “God Bless Our Native Land” closed the session.
The evening session was held in St. John's Church. The programmes included vespers, with full choral service by the Pittsburgh choir and addresses by Rev. Dr. A. Spaeth on “Choir Music of the 16th and 17th centuries” and by Rev. J.F. Ohl on “The Deterioration of Choir Music.”
October 9: Story 1 (New York Day) Never before was there a day at the Rainbow City that contained so many dignified and popular features for its celebration. The presence of Gov. Benjamin B. Odell, the executive head of the greatest commonwealth of the grandest country in the world, is a popular attraction in itself. But to add the color to the picture, which the crowd loves, he is attended by his splendid staff and a train of military including the flower of the National Guard.
In honor of the great State which, next to Buffalo, is entitled to credit for the most beautiful exposition ever seen, the pageantry of military in spectacular drills in the Stadium, where the soldiers pass before the Governor in a grand review, is to be seen today.
Carrier pigeons released from the Court of Fountains carry messages to distant cities telling them that New York Day is fairly inaugurated. Gov. Odell, President Milburn and St. Clair McKelway deliver speeches in the Temple of Music. A balloon race, the most sensational entertainment ever seen in Buffalo takes place at 3:30 o'clock in the Stadium. The day's festivities will be crowned by the most beautiful fireworks yet seen in Buffalo.
With these and several purely social functions, New York celebrates her day at the Exposition. With fair weather and a large attendance the event seems destined to become the greatest in the history of the Exposition.
All records were broken at the turnstiles at 9 o'clock this morning. The ticket sellers, ticket takers and programme boys fairly gasped with astonishment, at the Elmwood gate particularly, to see the jam at that comparatively early hour. The ticket takers worked like beavers, never ceasing the chop, chop on the turnstile pedals, but in spite of their perseverance the crowds increased instead of diminishing outside the gates. Lines of street cars with three trailers stopped and discharged their leads in quick succession, and indications point to a glorious total exceeding all former figures in honor of the day set apart for the Empire State.
There never was any doubt about the personnel of the crowd. It was distinctively New York. It was recognizable in the high average indicated in the social condition of the crowd. It was good looking, in fact, the extraordinary number of attractive looking women was noticeable everywhere. The presence of the farming element was demonstrated by this sign, and as if to put the fact of their residence in the State beyond the shadow of a doubt, the myriads of visitors made for the New York State Building as soon as they got inside the grounds. Up to 9 o'clock there were 45 pages of names inscribed in the register, and not a one of these were from outside of New York. There was a solid column of persons about eight abreast entering the north doorway. The jam about the register was a continuous performance.
New York Day at the Pan-American began, officially, with a magnificent military and civilian parade this morning, which was organized around the City Hall and moved through Delaware avenue to the Exposition ground, entering at the Lincoln Parkway gate.
It was 11:50 this morning before the official celebration of New York State Day began on the Exposition grounds. At that time the Lincoln Parkway gates were thrown wide open, and the 2nd Battery dashed into the Exposition, going at a rapid trot. The crowd cheered as the Battery dashed down the hill leading to the Lion Bridge at full speed, the 32 horses doing their utmost to keep ahead of the four cannon and the four caissons. Over the bridge and up the road to a position near the Triumphal approach, the battery went, Col. Chapin of Gen. Roe's staff leading. Here guns were unlimbered and, as the parade was entering the Lincoln Parkway gate, the Governor's salute of 19 guns were fired... <br><br>It was noon when the head of the procession passed through the Lincoln Parkway gate. As the head of the parade reached the Esplanade, Superintendent of Live Stock Converse gave the word and 10,000 homing pigeons were released by one pull of the string. As the traps in seven monster cages located in the forecourt were opened, there was a whirr of wings and a rapid ascent of a steadily growing, living cloud. It seemed as if the sun would be obscured.
The pigeons were loaned for the occasion by the National Federation of Homing Pigeon Fanciers, by the National Homing Pigeon Association and by the Buffalo Homing Pigeon Club. Some interesting races are on, many of the birds coming from distant sections of the country. Some of them are owned by rival fanciers.
The greatest and most splendid military pageantry ever seen in Buffalo was seen at the Exposition this noon by a crowd packed into the Stadium. The weather was perfect, the sunshine on dazzling brass and far-flashing plumes nodding from the helmets of gayly uniformed officers. The war steed was there, prancing as it he understood and thoroughly appreciated the spirit of the occasion, and to make the occasion complete in the most essential particular there was martial music that made the place ring with flaunting melodies.
At 12:20 the head of the column marched in at the East gate of the Stadium. Gen Phisterer at the front with the officers of the 4th Brigade, followed by the mounted band of Troop A. The gorgeous troop itself followed in column of masses at the West end. The signal corps followed.
At the same moment Gov. Odell and his party entered by the Southeast gate and proceeded to the reviewing stand, escorted by his staff. The officials of the Pan-American also took their place upon the stand.<
A cornet note floated into the arena, announcing the arrival of the 65th Regiment. The regiment formed in column of masses in the center of the field, facing south. The 74th Regiment and band came next and took position on the left of the 65th, having the same crowded formation.
The field bristled with soldiery by this time, but more marched in steadily, the thirteen separate companies from Western New York pouring in steadily, including the companies from Rochester, Auburn, Jamestown, Tonawanda, Medina, Elmira, Geneva, Syracuse, Nigara Falls, Olean, Hornellsville and Oswego. The artillery came last and took position in front of the separate companies facing them.
The crowded condition of the Stadium left no room for military evolutions. Gov. Odell escorted by Maj. Gen. Roe, inspected the ranks the troops passed in review before the reviewing stand and then out by the portal at which they entered, and in the order of entering. The alignment of most of the companies was perfect and elicited the enthusiastic applause of the spectators.
Fully 1000 persons were in the New York State Building for the luncheon early this afternoon. Gov. Odell was somewhat late in arriving at the building and the luncheon did not begin until 2:30 o'clock. It was formal affair and admittance was by card. There was no speechmaking. The Governor greeted as many persons as he could.
At 5 o'clock there will be a private dinner at which 200 persons will attend. Card invitations were issued. There will be no speechmaking.
Story 2 The details of the balloon race in the Stadium this afternoon were settled today by Prof. Litchfield and Lee Stevens. Each has chosen a representative to act as judge of the contest, and Hon. Daniel N. Lockwood will name the third.
There are five points in the contest which must be scored by the winner. The first is inflating the balloon. The balloonist who gets his 80,000 cubic-foot balloon filled first scores the first point. The rapidity of the ascension will constitute the second point.
The third point is the height to which the balloon ascends. The fourth point consists in the greater number of daring feats performed by the aeronaut while descending in his parachute. The fifth point is the distance which the balloon accomplishes from the starting place to the point where it lands.
October 10: “Rain,” a meteorological comedy in one act was the curtain raiser at the Pan-American Exposition this morning. It is Dunkirk Day, Delaware Day, National Grange Day and National Paint, Oil and Varnish Association Day, but over all it started in as a rainy day. It rained upon the boilermakers, on the grangers, on the chickens of the Blue Hen and on the paint, oil and varnish dealers with utmost impartiality.
Fortunately the rain act ended at 9 o'clock, although there were indications of a willingness to respond to an encore if any was forthcoming. The attendance held off until the rain was over. The visitors were generally of those who were here yesterday, most of them having come on two or three-day excursion tickets. The early damp hours were favorable for viewing the exhibits in the buildings, and the visitors flocked to them, making a critical study of those in particular that were decorated with the newly announced gold and silver award.
The formal ceremonies of the day were begun by Dunkirk, which held her celebration in the Temple of Music at 11 o'clock. The programme arranged was very brief, consisting of music by Innes' Band and addresses of welcome by Director-General Buchanan and response by Mayor C. Scannel of the city of locomotive builders.
There was a warm gleam of
sunshine at the grounds when the Dunkirk Day exercises began. The ceremonies
were a little belated because of the immense column of visitors that entered
the Temple of Music by the West Esplanade entrance and passed out at the
east entrance, making a loop about the railing that marked the spot where
President McKinley was assassinated.
The men passed by with hats in their hands and the women with awed expressions upon their faces, and each carried away a mental picture which will last until memory fades of the spot where the Christian President became a martyr.
It was with difficulty that the doors were closed to stop the pilgrimage temporarily, for even authority must deal with velvet hand with persons bent on so holy and patriotic an errand. Eventually quiet was restored and Innes' Band opened the proceedings with a beautiful selection...
October 11: Story 1 Atlantic City Day is the honorary designation of today at the Exposition. Why it is Atlantic City Day is to be explained on the score that somebody made the request and Director-General Buchanan obliged. There are no formal ceremonies. No delegation from the Summer City beside the Sad Sea Waves will deliver any formal message to the officials and visitors of the City of Light and Color.
But it is the most beautiful day that has been vouchsafed to the Rainbow City since autumn succeeded to the throne of the seasons. A dying glory seems to smile from the dying Exposition. An atmosphere of golden haze hangs over the grounds and buildings. The sunshine is just warm enough to be delightful. A faint breeze from the south stirs the flags upon the buildings and sets the poplar leaves aquiver along the banks of the canals, where the waters are faintly ruffled.
It is one of the most glorious days, in the point of weather, that the Exposition has known. Those who came here last July and August and trod the various Courts would look with envy upon the comfort with which visitors today do the Exposition.
It looks as if the delightful weather, low fares and the realization that only two weeks more remain for the Rainbow City, have combined to draw a large attendance today. As early as 8 o'clock there were crowds waiting to get in and they increased as the morning advanced. The larger part entered by the Elmwood gate and at once dispersed through the Rose Gardens, about the lake and into the heart of the Exposition grounds. So beautiful was the weather that the visitors seemed loath to leave it to go into the various buildings. The beauty of the Exposition picture seemed sufficient to content them. That and the stroll through the Midway was all that was doing up to the parade of the horses. That was the main attraction of the morning.
There were about 400 horses in the cavalcade that left the barns at 11 o'clock. Their coats were combed and brushed until they looked like polished rosewood and granite. Their manes were decorated with ribbons. They walked with arched necks and high steps, emblems of pride. Each was led by an attendant dressed in khaki trimmed with blue. The 74th Regiment Band led the procession which made the circuit of the Esplanade, Court of Fountains and the Plaza, returning to the stock barns.
The feature of the daily parade of horses, in connection with the Pan-American horse show this morning was the fact that all the horses that have been awarded prizes by the judges wore the blue, white or green ribbons that indicated their standing in the contest. The judging takes place in the Stadium every afternoon. The judges, whose names have been announced, this morning gave out the results of the judging in the standard bred classes. The Hamlin Village Stock Farm at East Aurora carried off many prizes.
Story 2 Louis Sanelli, a Warsaw farmer, came to Buffalo last Wednesday to see the Exposition. He had $175 and a gold watch when he arrived but is going back home tonight without either. So that nobody would get his money he walked the streets all night after his arrival and at 9 o'clock Thursday morning went to Peter Naple's place, 191 Canal Street, to get some sleep.
In Police Court this morning he said that before he went to sleep he saw Carmella Corlesa going through his clothes and that she took all his money and the watch. She was arraigned in court but Sanelli could not prove his case and the woman was discharged.
October 12: Story 1 It was stated to a NEWS reporter on official authority today that the Pan-American Exposition will be continued for 15 days in November. the fact will not be officially announced, however, until next Tuesday, when it will be definitely acted upon at a meeting of the Board of Directors. It is known that a majority of the members of the Board have expressed themselves in favor of the continuation.
One of the officials of the company being interviewed by a NEWS reporter said, “The continuation of the Exposition has been discussed considerably and is favored by the directors generally. It will be decided on Tuesday.
“It is thought that the very low railroad rates should be taken advantage of. They will draw thousands of those who have never seen the Exposition, and others who saw it earlier before it reached its full beauty.
“Within a day's ride of the city there are about 40,000,000 people who can now visit the Exposition for a quarter of the regular rates. That a million or two of them will take advantage of the rates is a reasonable calculation.
“It is a well-known fact here that the early part of November is one of the most delightful seasons of the year. Let this become known and it will have its effect in bringing the crowds here. From what I have seen of the climate here, November is way ahead of May.
“The Board of Directors will probably hire a band or two and provide amusement programmes for the period of continuance.
“Of course, exhibitors are at liberty to take their exhibits out after the 31st of October, but it is probable that most of them will wait in order to get the benefit of the advertising among the post-Exposition crowds.”
Does not the act of incorporation restrict the time of holding the Exposition from the 1st of May until the 1st of November?
“That applies only to the act of Congress concerning the United States Government exhibit. The State act of incorporation does not prevent a continuation if the Board of Directors see fit to do so.”
Story 2 Timothy McEvoy and Son, plumbers and steamfitters, have given to the Sheriff for execution a judgment for $7,925.62 against the Pan-American Exposition Company. The judgment was obtained in a Supreme Court suit to recover for materials sold and work performed for the defendants in its buildings, fountains and boiler houses.
October 13: Story 1 Within month the $2,000,000 Midway, the most expensive and gorgeous collection of amusement caterers ever collected at any exposition, will be scattered.
The concessionaires are spreading their wings to fly. They are birds of passage, attracted to wherever humanity is temporarily congested. The exposition is their field. The majority are merely amusement promoters. They have an idea. They get local capital to float it, for they, with few exceptions, have no money themselves. They get themselves named as managers, with a salary and a block of stock. If this venture is successful they get a big lump of money at the end of the season. In any event they are sure of the salary. At the Pan-American they have had to get along with the salary, in most cases.
H. F. McGarvie of the Streets of Mexico was the first concessionaire to leave. He left the Streets of Mexico peopled with Americans. The original denizens from the land of the Montezumas have been scattered. The women have gone to New York and Chicago, themen are said to be with McGarvie, giving bull fights in Grand Rapids.
A large number of concessionaires will follow the white swan that southward roves. The Charleston Exposition is the field that invites them. Among those bound there are Roltair, who will produce the show “Night and Morning,” McConnell, who will produce his Hawaiian Village and Volcano, Gaston Akoun, who will conduct the Streets of Cairo, Pony Moore, who will have his Philippine Village there, Taber, with his Esquimaux Village, Bostock, with his golden chariots, Chiquita and Esau, the rest of his animal show going to Baltimore, and the Ideal Palace.
Fred Thompson is in New York arranging to put upon the road a spectacular production called “Trip to the Moon” after his concession in the Midway.
E.S. Dundy is preparing to lay aside the profession of showman, or at least have a long vacation from it. He is one of the concessionaires who put their own money into the business and he capitalized “Darkness and Dawn”, “The House Upside Down”, “The Old Plantation,” “The Aero Cycle”, “The Fall of Babylon” and Bonner. He will retire to Omaha, his old home, and there will be nothing doing with him until the St. Louis Exposition.
Fred Cummins and his Indian Congress are destined to go to London to open up in the Crystal Palace in London on May 1 next. There are two syndicates looking for this show. One is a syndicate headed by Bolossy Kiralfy. The other is a syndicate of New York capitalists interested in producing American exhibitions in the Crystal Palace. J.Pierpont Morgan is said to be in this syndicate. The agent is C. H. Luengene of New York. Dawson City is another Midway concession which is going to the Crystal Palace with this syndicate.
Story 2 The closing weeks of the Exposition will be made brilliant by daily concerts by the famous Pittsburgh Orchestra, Victor Herbert conductor. This engagement opens on Monday, October 14, and continues through the month. There will be 60 players in the orchestra, the largest number heard in one organization during the entire Exposition.
All summer at his home in the Adirondacks Mr. Herbert has considered the Buffalo programmes which are sure to be brilliant and fascinating. As a special compliment to the Exposition management, Mr. Herbert has written a new composition and dedicated it to President Milburn. It is called “Panamericana.” The piece is of that more popular order, the first part is supposed to be Indian, the second part “ragtime” (modern American) - and the trio of Cuban or Spanish character. It will be performed for the first time anywhere in the Temple of Music at the afternoon and evening concerts of October 14.
As Mr. Herbert's lighter works for orchestra are known from one end of the country to the other it can be taken for granted that this new piece will express the characteristics of this popular composer.
The Herbert programmes for the entire engagement will be drawn from the most popular music and frequent soloists will be heard. The Pittsburgh Orchestra is the only permanent concert orchestra that the Pan-American Exposition has recognized. It is now entering its seventh year and is generally admitted to rank with the organizations of Boston and Chicago, conducted respectively by Mr. Gericke and Mr. Thomas.
October 14: Story 1 Although not announced officially, it is understood the Executive Committee of the Pan-American, when it meets tomorrow, will consider and settle the question of whether the Exposition shall be continued beyond Nov. 1, the date set for closing the Fair. This morning John G. Milburn , President of the Exposition Company, was asked for his personal views on this question.
“This is something which I will not discuss,” he said in a decided tone.
Will you say whether the Executive Committee is going to consider it?
“Oh, yes. The Executive Committee must settle the question. It must consider it and reach a definite determination. They, probably, may do this at the meeting tomorrow, but what the decision is likely to be is something I do not care to say.”
From other sources it was learned that the Executive Committee, if it reaches a decision tomorrow, will not be likely to announce it. The announcement will not be made until later in the month. It is thought that is the fair is extended and the announcement is made now, many people will defer their trips and then, when they wish to come during the extended time, the weather may be so bad that they will give up coming altogether.
Story 2 Mrs. Carrie Nation was arrested by an Exposition guard at 4 o'clock this afternoon because she sold some of her hatchets on the Midway. Mrs. Nation was taken to the office of Capt. Vallely of the Exposition police and he ordered her to stop making sales inside the grounds. She obeyed.
October 15: Story 1 Prison Superintendent Cornelius V. Collins will send a request to Secretary of State Hay to designate an official representative of the government to be present at the electrocution of Leon F. Czolgosz, the murderer of President McKinley. There will be but 26 witnesses in the chamber of death when the sentence of law is executed. Warden Mead of Auburn prison has sent to Superintendent Collins the requests he had received for permission to attend the electrocution, over 1,000 in all. The law will limit the number of witnesses and the superintendent will decide who the witnesses will be.
It was stated at the state department of prisons yesterday that statements to the effect that Czolgosz is in a continuous state of collapse and that he breaks down and weeps every time anything is said to him concerning the electrocution is false. Superintendent Collins had a talk with the condemned man some days ago and at that time he said he knew that he had to die. He expressed no fear as to the electrocution, but said that he would not care to go outside of the prison for he believed that the people would kill him.
Since his confinement at Auburn prison several thousand letters have been received for him at the prison as well as a large number of express packages containing flowers and fruit. Neither the letters nor the flowers nor the fruit have ever reached the condemned man.
The flowers and fruit it is learned have been sent by Christian societies, as have a number of letters consoling him in his last moments. Other letters have come from cranks who have written about the species of torture to which they would put him if they had the execution of justice in his case.
It is stated, however, that it would be a matter of surprise if the names of senders of fruit and flowers were made public. The state prison department has pursued a uniform policy in regard to Czolgosz. An effort has been made to prevent the murderer from gaining any notoriety while awaiting death and to surround him by as perfect an isolation from the world as possible.
Story 2 Miss Cora B. Bickford, in charge of the New England Building, invites the children to visit the Yankee palace on Buffalo Day and register. Souvenirs will be given all who appear and put down their names. The little booklet for the purpose is a Longfellow affair contributed by the Portland Board of Trade.
October 16: Story 1 Several important questions which have been awaiting the consideration of the Board of Directors of the Pan-American Exposition were considered at the meeting of the board in its rooms in Ellicott Square yesterday when they assembled to take up a quantity of accumulated routine business.
One of the questions was the extension of the time of the Exposition for 15 days after the time originally set for closing Nov. 1. It was thought that a definite conclusion would be reached yesterday on this question, but after some discussion the subject was referred to the executive committee for investigation, they to report at the next meeting...
The board set the time for the tri-weekly fireworks display at 8 p.m. instead of 7:30. The reason for the change was that the present scheduled hour interferes with the dinner hour of many Exposition visitors.
Story 2 New Jersey, Detroit and Jupiter Pluvius contended for first place at the Exposition this morning. All accounts agree that the rain-dispenser came out ahead. The entire Esplanade was a vast system of shallow ponds, as a tribute to the New Jersey marshes. These ponds were connected by a network of little canals and channels, reminding Detroiters of the straits that give their city its designation of the City of Straits.
Detroiters were on the ground first. They splashed to the beautiful Michigan building where cheerful fires and warm welcome made them forget the misery. Up to midnight it was reported that the railroads had brought 3000 persons from Detroit to Buffalo. The Detroit Chamber of Commerce and Convention League did it although, as Secretary J.T. Walsh observed, “we are more in the line of bringing people to Detroit than of taking them from it.” It was estimated that fully 5000 visitors were here from Michigan today. The coach rate was only $3.50 for the round trip...
October 17: Story 1 University of Buffalo Day opened at the Exposition at 10 o'clock this morning. The students formed near the Elmwood gate under the direction of C. S. Darlington, '02 marshal. The 65th Regiment Band headed the line and the body moved up to the fore court and over the Triumphal Bridge 600 strong. The band in the van played “The Invincible Eagle” but the Tin Pan Corps in the rear eclipsed the harmony.
The line moved over the Esplanade through the grand court and back to the Temple of Music which was filled with wearers of the blue and white carrying flags emblazoned with the symbols of U. of B. The students cheered the Hon. James O. Putnam, chancellor of the University, when he appeared upon the platform. They cheered successively Adelbert Moot, President Milburn, Director-General Buchanan and each member of the faculty, not forgetting to throw out a cheer between times for the University of Buffalo. It was the most demonstrative gathering ever seen in the Temple of Music.
Chancellor Putnam presided at the exercises and made a brief address, introducing President Milburn. The latter made a speech in harmony with the occasion. The students yelled deliriously when he said, “All rules are suspended for you today.
“The Exposition is yours. I wish you a bully good time. If there is anything you want come to me for it, for today I am not the president of the Exposition, but one of the U. of B. boys.”
Director-General Buchanan also welcomed the students and Adelbert Moot, dean of the Law Department, delivered the address of the day.
The football game with Oberlin in the Stadium promises to be a delightful vision, “for one who hath no friend nor brother there.” The field is like a reduced picture of the lakes of Killarney. Everything that is not under water is mud.
The night's festivities include a shirttail parade in the Midway and a spieling contest.
Story 2 The German Village Company through its attorneys late yesterday afternoon filed in the United States Circuit Court an application for a permanent injunction against the Pan-American Exposition Company, to prevent the latter corporation from shutting off the lights in the Alt Nurnberg Concession at the Exposition.
The bill of complaint sets forth that the Exposition Company had threatened to close the concession and had upon one occasion turned off the lights for several hours, and turn them on again temporarily only upon the payment by the German Village Company of nearly $1000, which sum the concessionaires claim they do not owe.
Judge Hazel granted a temporary restraining order and set the date of Oct. 22 for the Exposition Company to show why a permanent injunction should not be issued. Subpoenas were served upon Exposition officials this morning.
October 18: Story 1 University of Buffalo students, nearly 500 of them, clad in nightshirts decorated with skulls and crossbones, students with strong voices and bellows-like lungs, all permeated with fun, held sway on the Midway last night and showed the concessionaires, spielers and everybody else how college boys can make noise and enjoy themselves when they are out for a good time.
Earlier in the day the ceremonies in the Temple of Music were disposed of. Then the University football team beat Oberlin without much trouble. The boys felt good and proceeded to show it. Immediately after supper the nightshirt parade was formed in the South Midway near Bostock's. Mounted on camels, elephants and donkeys, many who couldn't find mounts walking, the students marched from one end of the Midway to the other. They made so much noise and kept up such a furious pace that the ballyhoos were temporarily put out of business. They were allowed to resume later, however, and the students aided the spielers in shouting for the different shows. The excitement kept up till after 11 o'clock. The students didn't go home till the lights were turned out.
Story 2 “Chris,” the janitor in the Pan-American Bazaar Building, rescued two farmers from an unpleasantly wet and muddy position in the Exposition canal yesterday.
Two accidents exactly identical, occurred less than three hours apart and in each instance “Chris” was on hand with his broom to do the lifesaving act. The first farmer got his ducking at 12:15 o'clock. He fell into the canal between the Electricity and Bazaar Buildings. When pulled out by Chris, he said he had set foot in the canal thinking it was a new variety of wavy asphalt. He gave his name as Higgins from Pennsylvania.
The second man who tried to walk across the canal without bothering about the bridge gave his performance at 3:02 o'clock. Chris pulled him out by the whiskers, if the story of a facetious Exposition guard is to be believed. This man refused to give any information about himself except to say that his home was in “York State.”
Story 3 Gaston Akoun, the Midway concessionaire, has hired Mrs. Carrie Nation to lecture at the concession formerly known as the Streets of All Nations. Mrs. Nation will talk on about every subject under the sun for the enlightenment of those who have the price of admission.
Story 4 Letter to
Will you please state at your earliest convenience through your valued paper in “Everybody's Column” if there is to be a confetti battle on the Midway at the Exposition next Saturday night, Buffalo Day, as quite a few would like to know and be able to have a jolly time. Thanking you for your kindness, hoping Buffalo Day will be a hummer.
From the Editors:
Permission to throw confetti will not be given by the Exposition authorities but it is expected the crowd will do it anyway.
October 19: Story
1 Buffalo Day Schedule:
10:30 a.m.- Representatives of the Grand Army posts will review the United States troops in the Stadium
11 a.m. - Canoe race on the Park Lake
11 a.m. - Musical festival in the Stadium, Innes' Band accompanied by chorus of school children.
12 p.m. -DeLeon will give his high-wire performance on a wire stretched between the pylons of the Triumphal Bridge.
12:00 p.m. - Flight of 5,000 pigeons in the Esplanade.
12:30 p.m. - The Don't Knock Club will hold ceremonies in the Temple of Music, including a tenor solo by Mr. McGowan.
12:30 p.m. - Tug-of-war, by the city police and firemen on the Esplanade.
1:30 p.m. In the Temple of Music, presentation of prize cups for Old Folks' Day.
2 p.m. - Victor Herbert's Orchestra in the Temple of Music.
2 p.m. - Great civic parade on the Exposition grounds.
3 p.m. - Football game in the Stadium between Cornell and Carlisle.
4 p.m. - Organ recital in the Temple of Music
4 p.m. - 6 p.m. - Reception by the Board of Women Managers to the Mayor, municipal officers and women friends and relatives at the Women's Building.
4:30 p.m. - Hurling match, the Irish national game, between the Columbians and the Hibernians.
8 p.m. - Fireworks
8:30 p.m. - Victor Herbert's Orchestra in the Temple of Music.
At 2:00 o'clock this afternoon there was every indication that the attendance record at the Pan-American would be broken by many thousands today, Buffalo Day. At that hour more than 95,000 persons had entered the grounds, and they were coming in at all the principal gates of the Exposition in perfect streams...
The Exposition grounds were en fete for the occasion. The management, realizing that this is the last big day, made every preparation to have it a glorious one. It was determined that the people of Buffalo who came today to take a last look at the Exposition should carry away a brilliant picture that would lead each and all to say in after years, “The Pan-American was not a money-maker. It met with many a misfortune. Its annals were rife with disaster after disaster. It was wrenched with tornadoes. It was delayed and embarrassed and cursed with bad weather. And in the days when success seemed to smile upon it, the cup was shot from its lips by the bullet that dyed its threshold with the blood of the President. But all in all, it was a beauty. In every detail and in its finished ensemble it was the most brilliant, most artistic pleasure ground ever arranged for a people. It was created to express the progress and civilization of the Western Hemisphere and it fulfilled its destiny most nobly.”
The grounds were swept and garnished at an unusually early hour and were at their best when the turnstiles were manned for the first arrivals.
From the crowds at the gates and inside the Exposition grounds at 10 o'clock this morning, the indications are that Buffalo Day will break all records. The West Amherst, Elmwood and East Amherst gates at that hour were so jammed that the gatekeepers could not handle the crowds fast enough, and outside each gate hundreds and hundreds of people were good-naturedly hauling and pushing each other in their attempts to reach the turnstiles.
Noticeable in the crowds is the great number of children. This morning three out of every five to pass the gates were youngsters. Everybody seemed to know everybody else, pointing towards the fact that the crowd is composed mostly of Buffalo people.
The visitors seem to tak a great deal of interest in the special events of the day.
“What time will the children sing in the Stadium?” is the question that has been thrown at the Exposition police time and time again. Long before 11 o'clock several thousand people were on their way to the Stadium to hear the great chorus of school children under Prof. Mischka, sing patriotic songs. A large crowd also collected at the Lincoln Parkway gate to see the civic parade.
Never before has the crowd been so large as today's at such an early hour. As many stores will not close until noon, the Exposition authorities consider this feature exceedingly promising. They think the attendance today will break all records.
No more beautiful sight was ever seen in the Stadium since it was thrown open to the public, barring none of the gorgeous military spectacles and civic pageantries presented there in all its glorious annals, than it supplied this morning when it was the theater of the chorus of 3000 children.
In holiday attire, in which red was pleasingly predominant, the children took possession of the western end of the amphitheater. Twelve sections of seats were reserved for them, six on each side of the tribune, which was occupied by Innes' Band. None but te children could gain access to those seats.
Men offered a dollar for a seat but couldn't buy one there for any price. The guards waved them away and the children laughed at the disappointed ones. On this occasion Childhood was greater than dollars. They filled every tier of every section. Every child had a flag and every flag had the time of its life. The flags were kept on the wave every minute except during the singing, but they made up for lost time afterward.
The programme was one to please the children and incidentally their elders. It began with a review of the United States troops at 10:30 o'clock. The brigade of review consisted of the 73rd Coast Artillery, the 14th Infantry from Fort Porter and the United States Marines, and “Billy” the kid. The children thought he was about the best of the show.
The 65th Regiment band supplied stirring martial music. Capt. Tillson was the officer in command and the parade was reviewed by Department Commander Charles A. Orr, Judge Advocate Joseph E. Ewell, Chief of Staff C. McBain and the commanders of the various G.A.R. posts in the city.
The inspection, manual of arms and march past were all splendid, to judge by the frantic actions of the children's flags and their shouts of glee when “Billy” went down the line at the head of the marines. But their greatest treat was in store when the other companies left the field and the marines stayed to show how Uncle Sam's soldiers have won all their battles, the duties of which are so hard to remember from school histories.
The company marched across the arena at double time and then marched back and stood at attention. Then five skirmishers dashed out from the front and dropping to their knees began firing. The rest of the company divided into actions and then broke into squads and dashed upon the firing line. They fired at will, they fired by squads and by platoons and then the entire company fired a volley that sent the flags and their wielders crazy with delight.
Next a platoon dashed forward, covered by the fire of the supporting platoon. The first began firing and the second dashed ahead. Finally there was a grand charge in which the entire company fired a volley and rushed forward with wild yells and bayonets at the charge. This was so magnificent that the children had to recover their breath before they could shield their admiration.
After the drill came the great chorus by the children. Out in the circle in front of the vast array stood their conductor, Mr. Joseph Mischka, with a long baton, mounted on a big box for a pedestal. Innes' fine band was in the band stand midway between the two grand divisions of the singers, and at the bottom of each section was a subleader beating time in unison with the conductor. The entire body of children was armed with small flags and these, too, were swung in time with the batons so that the effect of the whole scene was exceedingly charming and gay.
The only thing necessary to complete the beauty of the picture was a splendid volume of sound, full of harmony, and this was not lacking. The work of the chorus was successful in a high degree and especially when it is considered that they were singing in the open air and at a long distance from their leader. But they were surprisingly prompt in the attack and followed the baton with remarkable fidelity and intelligence. Nowhere was there any dragging or inattention to the business at hand.
The concert opened with the overture from “Jubel,” played by the band while the Stadium was filling up with an enormous multitude that crowded it to the limit of its capacity. When the chorus burst forth in “When the Swallows Homeward Fly”, by Abt and the Russian Hymn, or in “My Old Kentucky Home,” and came in on the medley “From All Lands,” as the band reached the “Star-Spangled Banner,” the enthusiasm of the listeners was simply unbounded. Cheer after cheer went up until the whole Stadium rang with the magnificent reception given the little ones for their triumphant renderings of the pieces assigned them.
The numbers played by the band alone were popular, such as “Prince Charming,” “America,” a dance, and “Columbia.” Very high praise is due Mr. Mischka that he was able to control such a mixed body of ages and sizes under the circumstances. It was the best evidence of the thorough teaching that the children get in their music in the public schools under the general direction of today's conductor, ably assisted by Miss McConnell and Miss Howard, the associate directors of the public school music.
The flight of 1000 homing pigeons took place from the Grand court at the close of the children's chorus. The latter marched from the Stadium, led by the band and lined up in front of the Electric Tower. The pigeons were fluttering about in their cages, waiting for their release. The entries were from the Buffalo division of the Homing Pigeon Association, birds being present from Lockport, Dunkirk, Batavia, Erie and Niagara Falls.
As the covers were slid gently from the cages the pigeons poured forth a living torrent of flashing pinions. In airy columns they arose obliquely until they had reached the height of the Electric Tower, when they broke up into bands and circled about the heavens to get their bearings. For about 10 minutes they sailed about and then flew away in different directions seeking their homelofts...
October 20: Story 1 The disposal to be made of the various State buildings at the Exposition is keeping the Commissioners from the several states and foreign countries busy these days. The majority of them being mere temporary shells of lath and staff, the question of their destiny is an unimportant one. They all will go into the hands of some wrecking company.
The Missouri State Building is the only frame structure capable of being taken down and moved. Negotiations are in progress looking toward its removal to the interior of the state as a club house for which it is admirably adapted. It is built in the French colonial style with big stone fireplaces at each end. It was planned first for the Maryland commissioners who sold their rights in a site to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company for its headquarters.
Its eventual destiny as a golf club house is said to be practically settled.
The Chilean building of terra cotta and steel will be taken to Chile and set up in Santiago, where it will be kept as a souvenir of the first representative Pan-American gathering of the hemisphere. The show cases will be shipped to St. Louis and the exhibits broken up, some going to the Philadelphia museum, some to Agricultural schools and mining schools and others being sold.
Buffalo will profit from the disposition of the Mexican exhibits. The ethnological curios will become the property of the Buffalo Historical Society. The rest of the exhibits will be distributed among various commercial and scientific institution. The building will be wrecked.
The splendid Cuban exhibit will go to the Charleston exhibit. The fate of the building is not determined yet.Story 2 The New England Building at the Pan-American was almost destroyed by fire last night. At 10:30 o'clock the janitor of the building completed his task of inspection and had satisfied himself that all was well within the building. He locked the building and had gone away for the night. In the building were several gas fires in grates fitted to represent coal. There was such a fire in the New Hampshire room in the southeast corner of the building on the second floor. When left by the janitor it was apparently in proper condition.
Sgt. White and Exposition Guard Van Ruskirk were passing shortly after this time and noticed a bright light in the New Hampshire room. They turned in an alarm and broke in the door and went upstairs to locate the fire. At first they discovered nothing wrong and came down and out of the building. Upon looking up they saw smoke rolling out of the top of the building and out of the windows. The fire quickly spread and when the fire department arrived the whole building was enveloped. So dense was the smoke that it was impossible for the firemen to enter the building and nothing remained for them to do but break in the windows and pour streams of water into the blazing structure. The inside was completely flooded. The entire east end of the building was destroyed and the inside completely burned out.
Inside this are Rhode Island and New Hampshire rooms and several living apartments, bed rooms, and an office. These rooms were beautifully furnished with rare furniture and costly bric-a-brac, valuable pianos, rugs, etc., loaned by different families in New England. It is estimated that the damage will reach at least $10,000. The building is not entirely destroyed, and might be repaired, but will probably be closed on account of so short a time remaining before the close of the Exposition.
Story 3 (From “Man About Town” Column): Within a few days the Rainbow City, the most beautiful thing that the people of this town have ever known, will become a thing of the past. Many a Buffalonian won't appreciate its beauty until it has gone. I haven't seen it myself as I would have liked to see it. I had company all summer and, like all men of family, I went out in the evening after a day's work to meet them. As soon as I would get inside the gates it was,
“Oh, Charley, the girls haven't seen any of the Midway yet,:” from my wife. “Won't you take them around in a few of the good shows?”
“Why, I'm not a bank,” I protested several times.
“But, dear, they'll give us a good time if we ever go to see them. Just spend a little money and we will never regret it.”
Now, when your wife pleads with you this way and knows you have some money, what are you going to do? I just had to dig down in my pocket and take the girls around.
I am no kicker, but every time I went out to the Exposition it was the same old story. The result is I haven't seen half of the exhibits and other beautiful things, and I'll wager there are many men in Buffalo who can say the same.
I've been liberal with the Midway. Although I've had the use of a few free passes, I've spent money without complaint, and if I had now what I put into the various shows, I wouldn't have to ask for any more spending money this winter.
Unfortunately none of the girls I entertained for the benefit of my wife live in St. Louis, so I can't go there in 1903 and have a big time at their expense. But who knows but some day they'll leave me a chunk of money or property in their wills?
Then I will have double cause to remember with joy the Pan-American Exposition of 1901 and all the fun that was bunched in a winding lane known as the Midway.
October 21: Story 1 The New England Building at the Exposition which was partially burned Saturday night was thoroughly overhauled by the custodian and the damaged furniture and bric-a-brac packed for shipment to the owners. In looking over the rooms it was found that very little damage was done except to the partitions between the New Hampshire and Rhode Island rooms. Two gas-log grates stood back to back in this partition. Usually these grates are kept burning low, but occasionally visitors turn up the gas to warm up the rooms and the partition then becomes overheated. It is supposed that this caused the fire Saturday night.
The furniture in the east end of the house is not so badly damaged but that it can be restored by polishers and varnishers. This makes the extent of the loss much less than originally given.
Story 2 The executive committee of the Pan-American is holding a meeting this afternoon to discuss the continuation of the Exposition after the first of November. Chairman John N. Scatcherd said to a NEWS reporter today, “The executive committee will compile the facts and figures necessary to be got together in order to form a basis for deciding the question. I can express no opinion on the subject as to the probable action of the Board of Directors, which is to meet tomorrow for consideration of the data which my committee will lay before it. We shall not accompany our figures by any recommendations or the expression of our opinions. All will be submitted without attempting to influence the board in advance of a digest of the facts and I have no idea to give out as to what will be the decision of the board.”
Assistant Director-General Algar M. Wheeler of the Charleston Exposition talked with Director-General Averill at Charleston over the long distance telephone and counseled with him as to the extension of the date of opening of the West Indian Exposition set for 15 days to meet the conditions incident to an extension of the closing date at the Pan-American.
Director-General Averill was favorable to the idea and it is announced unofficially that the extension will be made so as to allow a month to intervene between the two fairs. If the Pan-American does not close until Nov. 15, the South Carolina fair will not open until Dec. 15.
Maj. Wheeler carried assurances of this fact to the members of the Pan-American executive committee so as to relieve them of any embarrassment on the score of interference with the moving of exhibits to Charleston. Many of the exhibitors at Buffalo are booked for Charleston and they must be there on Dec. 1. They cannot consent to an extension of the closing date here because of the short time intervening in which to move. This arrangement at Charleston will permit the exhibitors to stay. Maj. Wheeler will remain at his office in Buffalo until the Pan-American closes.
Story 3 Of the many propositions that have been received by the Exposition Company for the utilization of the Exposition buildings during the period of destruction, there is one which is being regarded very favorably. In substance the scheme is to build a toboggan slide from the observatory of the Electric Tower to the Triumphal Bridge, and thence by natural grade to the Park Lake.
The observatory is 250 feet high. The distance from there to the Triumphal Bridge is about a quarter of a mile. It is about half a mile from this point to the opposite side of the Park Lake. Altogether, the tobogganist who dared to make the descent would have the dizziest kind of a coast for a mile.
A modification of the plan provides for the continuation of the slide around by the Lion Bridge and up to the Lincoln Parkway gates.
The proposition has not crystallized as yet any farther than a cautious inquiry in a letter to the Exposition management by one who represents himself as agent for local capitalists who, he states, are willing to make the venture if the Exposition Company has the authority to lease the Electric Tower and the necessary course on the grounds for such a purpose during the winter.
One of the officials said this morning to a NEWS reporter,
“I believe the Exposition has the authority to lease the Electric Tower for this purpose during the next few months. It would come in connection with the regulations the Exposition Company must adopt covering the management of affairs here during the period of tearing down what has been so laboriously built up.
As to the scheme itself, it looks attractive enough. The people of Buffalo are very fond of winter sports, and a slide from the Tower would be fascinating enough to allure old and young. Of course the trestle supporting the slide would have to be built very strongly. With, say eight slideways, there would be accommodation for enough traffic to make the venture pay. The novelty of the scheme would, I venture to say, draw people from nearby cities.”
October 22: Story 1 Exposition contractors, who have been unable to collect more than 30 percent of the money due them from the Exposition, and who don't see much chance of getting any more, have begun agitating a nice legal question that puts the city and the Rumseys, the owners of the land on which the Exposition is situated, in a ticklish position. They claim that their liens against the Exposition buildings also hold against the land on which the buildings are erected.
Lawyers for the Exposition and the Rumseys deny this claim. They contend that as the Exposition buildings are only temporary structures they do not give persons having liens against them any claim on the leased ground on which they stand. The Court of Appeals, they say, would surely rule this way. As the contractors stand to lose considerable money unless they can attach the land, it is probable they will make a test case on the theory that they can't lose by it and may gain.
The contractors so far have received only 30 percent of their claims. Before they can get anything on the balance, the Exposition may have to pay $1,250,000 on its first mortgage bonds and $500,000 on second mortgage bonds.
Story 2 The executive committee of the Pan-American Exposition Company met at the Service Building yesterday afternoon and spent several hours discussing the proposed extension of the Exposition. The inability of the directors to obtain an extension of the time allotted for the Government exhibits, the refusal of some larger exhibitors to continue their displays longer and the sale of the big pumping engines that supply the hydraulic effects, necessitating their removal on Nov. 1, were all gone over. About 7 o'clock last night the committee adjourned after agreeing upon a report that will be submitted to the board of directors when that body meets this afternoon. The members of the committee refused to make public the contents of the report.
Though the extension of the Exposition is not assured, from the attitude of some of the directors, it is probable that a post-Exposition period somewhat similar to the pre-Exposition period when an admission was charged to the grounds before the buildings were opened, may be decided upon. This, it is thought, would bring some money into the depleted treasury and some of the Midway shows may continue as long as they can make money.
At the meeting yesterday the executive committee directed Director of Works Carlton to prepare specifications and ask for bids for the removal of the Exposition buildings. Mr. Carlton was instructed to hand in the bids at the earliest possible date.
Story 3 There will be bargains in many lines at the close of the Exposition. Not only will there be millions of feet of lumber no used in all the buildings, to be sold, but also plumbing materials, plugs, bath tubs, boilers and heaters.
The log houses in the Six Nations Village, the Forestry building and the Directors' Cabin, will go on the auction block or by private sale, also fire hose, flag poles from 25 to 115 feet high, tents and 1000 benches with back and 112 without.
Of more especial interest to the residents of Buffalo is the fact that all the trees in the grounds may be bought, including all the palms, cedars, junipers, laurels, box trees, yews, pines and vase plants. The 722 plaster vases and 527 sculptural groups will also be offered at a sacrifice.
Director of Works Carlton has charge of the sale of the Exposition bric-a-brac. At present he is awaiting instructions from the executive committee as to whether he will auction the entire lot off to one or more bidders or sell to all who apply. He has asked the committee to set a price below cost, so that he may sell to all who apply.
October 23: Story 1 For 11 days the Pan-American Exposition will continue its work of education and amusement. On the 12th day, a week from Sunday next, it will be among the events of the past. After six months of usefulness the beautiful Exposition will be ready for the wreckers who are to tear down the buildings, now busy scenes of activity.
The board of directors of the Exposition Company held its regular meeting yesterday afternoon at the committee rooms in the Ellicott Square, and a resolution fixing Nov. 2 as the last day of the Exposition was adopted. The resolution was adopted in the following form:
“Resolved, That Saturday, Nov. 2, at midnight, be fixed as the time for the final closing of the Exposition.”
It was the desire of some of the directors to extend the Exposition and this executive committee was instructed to look into the feasibility of such an extension. After making a careful investigation, the executive committee found that it would be almost impossible to continue the Exposition with a full list of attractions. It so reported to the board, resulting in the adoption of the foregoing resolution...
The board voted to extend the 15-cent rate of admission to public and parochial school children from outside of Buffalo as well as to the Buffalo school children. The children, however, must come to the number of at least 15 at a time, accompanied by their teachers. The teachers must get tickets in advance at 212 Ellicott Square. This number of children in each party also applies to Buffalo school children.
Supt. Emerson of the Department of Education said yesterday that 34,000 street car tickets have been sold to the children for use on the way to and from the Exposition. That would indicate that 17,000 children have attended the Exposition, taking advantage of the 15-cent rate.
Story 2 Following immediately upon the announcement that the Pan-American Exposition will close Saturday, Nov. 2, comes the note of preparation for the disintegration of the magic Rainbow City.
Commissioners from most of the States - anxious to resume the home business that has been neglected - have announced that they will ship their exhibits back as soon as arrangements have been completed. All the big firms in the exhibit buildings have made the same announcement. Superintendent of Transportation Cherry has for the past few weeks been arranging the details for the departure, so that the home shipment can be accomplished with as little friction as possible.
J. Wood, secretary of the Robert Simpson Company of Toronto, is in Buffalo to complete the arrangements to ship to that city all of the furniture exhibit from Canada.
The settees, lounging chairs, rattans, etc., which have added so much to the interior furnishings of the handsome Canadian building, will be boxed up immediately on the close of the fair and shipped to Toronto, where they will be placed on sale. Mr. Wood admitted that his firm had purchased the goods, but declined to give the figure. It is said that many Canadians, desirous of securing a souvenir of the Pan-American Exposition, have spoken in advance for articles of the furniture.
Story 3 Promptly at the end of the Exposition the United States Government exhibits will be moved out and the Government groups of buildings will be sold to a wrecking company.
Eight of the departments will be represented by an exhibit at the Charleston Exposition and will be shipped thither with all possible speed. Congress made no appropriation for an exhibit at Charleston, but as it was the desire of the late President McKinley that the Government be represented there, a wish that was seconded by President Roosevelt, the various departments undertook the matter on their own responsibility. The expense, however, must be sustained by the Charleston Exposition Company. Every item of transportation, installation and maintenance must be met by the local authorities instead of being paid by the Government as was the case here at the Pan-American.
On the 28th inst., the United States Government exhibit board will hold a meeting to decide upon what date stakes will be pulled up and when the exhibits will start for the South. There is a track direct to the Government Buildings upon which cars can be run, and loading and moving out can be carried on independently of the Pan-American Exposition Carting Company.
Capt. Leonard and his marines leave Buffalo for Charleston on the 15th of November. Brig-Gen. Charles Heywood, the commandant of the United States Marine Corps, is very proud of the showing made by the model camp and wants it exhibited in Charleston. He will arrive at the camp tomorrow, accompanied by Lieut. Snyder, and stay there a few days.
The work of dismounting and shipping of the heavy guns will fall upon the 73rd Coast Artillery. Only the lighter guns will be sent to Charleston. The 12-inch disappearing rifle will be returned to the Watervliet Arsenal. The carriage will be sent to the Watertown Arsenal. The 12-inch mortar and its carriage will go to the Pacific coast.
It is expected that the Hospital Corps will also go to Charleston, but no definite arrangements have been made toward that end.
October 24: Story 1 The Water Gate at the Exposition was closed yesterday by order of the department of admissions and collections. Supt. Cash found that since the cold weather began the attendance at the Water Gate has not been heavy enough to warrant the employment of a force of turnstile keepers and ticket sellers there.
Extra police guards have been put at the East Amherst and West Amherst gates to keep track of all wagons leaving the ground, to examine their contents and to see that no exhibits or valuable materials are taken away without authority from the proper Exposition officials.
Story 2 After the Pan-American Exposition, what? This query is affording many and many of the employees of the Exposition Company serious thought. During the construction period of the Exposition there were as many as 2000 persons employed in an official capacity in the various departments, and its number was increased by the appointment of the staff of the department of admissions and collections. During the last three months, however, the number was reduced in order to save on the salary list, but even now there are about 1000 thinking seriously about the future.
The head officials, including the superintendents of the various departments, alone feel secure. During their tenure of office they have made connections with positions that leave them feeling comfortable.
Director-General W. I. Buchanan, upon his return in December from the sessions of the Pan-American Congress to which he is a delegate, will wind up the affairs of the Exposition and go to South America where he has private interests, and where he is the representative of a life insurance company. His private secretary, P.I. Bowen, will go to France in the interest of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition.
Newcomb Carlton, the Director of Mines and Metallurgy, Frank Converse, Superintendent of Agriculture, Live Stock and Dairy, and Frederic W. Taylor, Director of Concessions are slated for the St. Louis Exposition.
Henry Rustin, the creator of the wondrous illumination scheme at the Exposition, is said to be going to St. Louis, but declares that the matter is not definitely settled.
Supt. Cherry of the Transportation Department and H.J. Fleming, chief clerk in the Department of Admissions, are going to the Charleston Exposition.
Superintendent of Manufacturers Maj. Algar M. Wheeler is the assistant director general at Charleston. Supt. Cash will return to his home, where his wife is sick, but will go later to St. Louis, where he will have a position similar to that which he holds here.
Francis Almy, Purchasing Agent, will stay in Buffalo long enough to sell out the materials he purchased for the Exposition, and then expects to go to Mexico on a vacation trip.
Rudolph Ulrich, the landscape architect, will remain in Buffalo for some months after the Exposition. He will probably have charge of the restoration of the Exposition grounds after the Fair is over. He has work laid out in Paris, Canada, and for the winter, spring and summer engagements in Indiana, Illinois and Ohio.
Frederick De P. Townsend, Superintendent of the Midway, will return to his office downtown. Cashier Nichols of Treasurer Williams' office expects to be kept busy for the greater part of the coming year in that department of the Exposition which, he says, will be the last to be closed up.
Story 3 Soon after the Exposition closes a financial statement will be issued setting forth the assets and liabilities of the Exposition Company, and showing what debts will be paid.
Yesterday there was $804,000 in the Pan-American treasury to the credit of the company. There is still $1,250,000 of the $2,500,000 issue of the first mortgage bonds due. Besides the million and a quarter due on the first mortgage bonds $500,000 will be due on the second mortgage bonds when the Exposition closes, and a large sum owing to the builders and contractors who erected the buildings and installed the plumbing, water, etc., is now overdue. Stockholders cannot hope to realize on their subscriptions, which amount to $2,100,000.
To pay the first mortgage bonds alone the Exposition must make a profit of $50,000 a day for the remaining nine days. That would be $450,000 which, added to the $804,000 now on hand, would just pay the remaining $1,250,000 in the first mortgage with about $4000 over.
High legal authorities say that stockholders cannot be held liable for any default in payment on their mortgages. This will be some comfort to the stockholders, who have already lost all they subscribed.
October 25: Story 1 The last of the receptions to be given at the Women's Administration Building before its dismantling next week will be held this afternoon from 4 to 6 o'clock in honor of the National Collegiate Alumnae Association. Mrs. William Hamlin, the present, and Mrs. John Miller Horton, chairman of ceremonies and receptions, and Mrs. Horton's committee, Mrs. John Westervelt Bush, Mrs. Truman J. Martin and Mrs. William A. Rogers will receive, assisted by other members of the board.
Story 2 The Cat Show was opened in Barn D at the Exposition yesterday. Visitors have never before seen so many distinguished cats as are curled up on the benches. There are cats of every breed from Angoras to Maltese, and the variety of colors embraces every shade in the catalogue. Lovers of cats find agreeable occupation in visiting them.
Mrs. Leland Norton of Chicago, the judge of the cats, arrives at the Exposition Wednesday and began her duties yesterday. Mrs. Norton is president of the Chicago Cat Club, and the head of several other organizations for the amelioration of the condition of homeless and superannuated mousers. She is the owner of “Toots” Willard, the $200 Angora cat, and her kennel of Angoras is famous.
Story 3 Notes of the Exposition:
The Pan-American office furniture will be sold to the management of the St. Louis Exposition but some of it may be bought for a reduced price for a week. Much of the building material is likely to go to St. Louis.
The Gorham Company has the contract for cutting the dies for the medals of award for the exhibitors at the Exposition. There are 10,000 (exact number illegible) to be commemorated by medal.
Medical Director Park has carried the Exposition through without an epidemic of disease, a record without precedent.
October 26: Story 1 Although the brother and brother-in-law of Leon Czolgosz, the murderer of President McKinley, have been at Auburn about a day, nothing has been heard from them by the assassin's father, and he does not yet know whether he again will see his doomed son alive or not. Paul Czolgosz, the father, did not want to make the journey unless he was sure he would be able to see his son before the execution. He has from the first been desirous of bringing the body of the assassin to Cleveland for burial, and Waldek Czolgosz and Thomas Randowski went east to arrange for that.
It was learned when Waldek Czolgosz and Randowski went to Auburn they would telegraph the father whether they were able to see the assassin and if so whether the latter wanted to see his father again.
“If the boy wants to see me and the police will let me see him I will go there at once,” said the father through an interpreter last night. “I expected to hear from Waldek before this but I have not heard a word.”
Although the father says the body of the assassin will be brought here for burial, he says he has not made any arrangements of the interment. The father says he will bury the assassin in Cleveland if he has to buy a lot outside the cemetery and form a cemetery of his own.
Story 2 After being treated to a warm supper at 227 Niagara street at 9:30 o'clock last night, George and Albert Kelley, 14 and 6 years old, respectively, were turned over to the police of the Pearl Street Station. They said they had run away from their home in Rochester to see the Exposition.
Their father, James Kelley, who lives at 223 Jay street, Rochester, was notified that the boys are in safe hands and he is expected to come after them.
Story 3 Many of the exhibitors at the Exposition have arranged to begin packing and moving on Thursday night at midnight. Their contracts expire on Oct. 31 and they are not obliged to stay the week out. They have collected boxes and barrels and are ready to begin packing as soon as the clock strikes.
Story 4 Commissioner Rice of Idaho has returned from the state that is called the Gem of the Mountains with an exhibit of apples that are a revelation. There are about 30 commercial varieties on exhibition, but the wonder is not in their number but in their quality, size and color.
The largest are the Wolf River, the biggest apples found in the Horticulture Building. They average about 16 inches in circumference and are of a rich red color. Other notable varieties are the Grimes' Golden, Blue Pearmain, black Arkansas and Jonathan. The Jonathan is the handsomest apple in the building. It is the trump card which Commissioner Rice expects will win the prize for the handsomest and most perfect apple at the Exposition.
Commissioner Rice affects to believe that it is the apple that caused the great historical eviction from the Garden of Eden. The Jonathan is of medium size but it fairly glows with red ranging from garnet to ruby.
October 27: Story 1 The executive committee of the Board of Park Commissioners held a meeting at the Park Board rooms in the City Hall yesterday afternoon to consider what action the board will have to take to restore the park to shape after the Exposition is over.
The members of the committee discussed the embarrassed state of the Exposition finances and the improbability of the Pan-American Company being able to restore the park grounds to the shape in which it found them. Of course the Exposition contracted with the city to put the grounds back into their original shape, but if it is unable to pay its mortgage bonds there is little chance of it being able to expend several thousands of dollars on the park lands.
The Commissioners decided to consult with the Exposition authorities on the subject, and Commissioners Guenther, Reinecke and Wolff were appointed a committee to see the Exposition officials and consider what can be done.
Some five or six of the smaller buildings, the Art Gallery being the only large structure, are located on the park grounds. If the Exposition fails to remove these the Park Board will have to. What this would cost is not yet known. It is likely, however, the Park Board would not be hit very hard, as some of the buildings contain material worth almost as much as it will cost to remove them.
The members of the committee say they expect to meet the Exposition officials some time during the coming week...
Story 2 Henry Lewis, the auctioneer, well known by reputation all over this section of the country, has been engaged to auction Statler's Hotel on Nov. 4. Mr. Lewis is a capable auctioneer, and it is likely that the sale will be of much interest to the public and of corresponding profit to Mr. Statler. Mr. Lewis insists on one thing at his sales. The highest bidder must be given the goods for which he bids. He will have no “cappers.” Mr. Lewis is open for engagements.
Story 3 (Advertisement) The Pan-American under Henry Lewis' hammer. Auction at the Pan-American Exposition Thursday noon, Oct. 31, 1901. I have instructions from Mr. Frank Bostock to sell all of his buildings now on the Midway at the Pan-American Exposition, 16 in number, by public auction to the highest bidder. Terms cash or by agreement with Mr. Bostock. Special particles, Lot No. 1, Bostock's great wild animal area Bldg., dimensions 100 x 175 feet. Lot No. 2, Chiquita Bldg. 50 x 100 feet. Lot No. 3, Evolution of Man Bldg., 50 x 100 feet. Lot No.4, The Golden Chariots Bldg., and the balance smaller bldgs. These buildings have been erected at a cost of over $100,000, the finest and best lumber only having been used in their construction, with very little plaster, and the lumber will be suitable for houses or other similar purposes, will be sold in lots to suit everybody. There will be numberless other articles for sale such as animal skins from the Far East, organs, living wagons and lots of other goods to numerous to mention. Remember to be there and attend, as a sale of this kind will probably never occur again. Henry Lewis, practical auctioneer, 49 William st.
Story 4 A letter was received last week by the writer of this column which calls for the attention of all people interested in music in Buffalo. The paragraph which should be of interest here reads, “In a conversation with Mr. _____ at the Temple of Music a few days ago, he suggested that it would be a fine thing if the organ now in the Temple of Music could be kept in Buffalo for future free organ recitals, and we thought it would be desirable if it could be placed in Convention Hall, either by starting at once a popular subscription for that purpose, or possibly by having the city purchase the organ.”
It will be news to many to learn that the organ is for sale, as it was supposed that St. Louis Church of this city had purchased the organ. However, be that as it may, it will be a sad mistake if the unusual opportunity now presented of securing a beautiful instrument, and one that has excited the admiration and interest of thousands should be overlooked, and this instrument be allowed to leave our city, because our people were ignorant of the fact that it is for sale.
Since it has become know that the purchase was possible, propositions from a number of out of town churches have been received.
Convention Hall would be an excellent place for the organ and for public recitals. Since the change of stage made for the grand opera, the acoustic qualities of the hall have been materially improved. And it must be added that some movement of this kind is absolutely needed here.
The weekly organ recitals in Pittsburgh have been of incalculable advantage to the city. Since they were begun, the permanent orchestra was organized and now Victor Herbert's orchestra has become a great musical factor in the country. Other musical organizations visit there and receive ample recognition and support and the town or city is alive with men and women who see, hear, enjoy and support the good things of the day, knowing that with vigor, energy, work, ambition and justice, life is worth living and the generations to come will find a world made better by the doings of their forefathers.
Buffalo needs activity and ambition. We want a beautiful organ in a public hall. We want a permanent orchestra, and we do not want the assured complacency of self-satisfaction which is death to all progress.
October 28: Story 1 Mrs. Annie Taylor, who is the only human being who went over Niagara Falls and lives to tell of it, will relate her experiences during the frightful journey to all who care to listen on Farewell Day at the Exposition.
Arrangements have been completed whereby Mrs. Taylor will exhibit her barrel on a platform to be erected in the Esplanade from which she will speak. No charge will be made, and everybody who visits the Exposition on Farewell Day is invited to see the barrel and listen to Mrs. Taylor's story of her trip.
Story 2 Thomas Howlett of Batavia and Mrs. Howlett came to Buffalo last Wednesday and were taken by a soliciting agent, who was a woman, to a house on the East side, traveling, as Howlett supposes, by a Michigan street car. The next day the Howletts went to the Exposition and at the end of the day forgot where they had stayed. They left their handbags and would be grateful if their unknown landlady would send word to the NEWS as to where she is so that they can get their property.
Howlett does not remember the name of the street on which he stayed nor the name of the landlady but depends on the lady who escorted him and his wife to her house to make known where he can find her.
Story 3 There are four propositions concerning the wrecking of the Pan-American Exposition which Acting Director-General Carlton has submitted to wrecking companies.
The first contemplated merely
the removal of the buildings.
The second contemplates the restoration of the grounds to the status ante Exposition. The third combines the first and second propositions.
The fourth exempts the Stadium from the wreckage.
There is a wide-spread and growing sentiment in favor of saving the Stadium. At the very beginning of the season visitors would remark upon the noble proportions of the structure and deplore that it was only ephemeral.
Lately the sentiment has been crystallizing among lovers of sport in this city into the determination to save the building if possible. Its actual value to wreckers is not in the proportion of 1 to 100 as compared to its value to sporting men. It contains 1,940,233 feet of lumber, Norway pine and spruce, and is in pretty good shape to be made a permanent structure by the substitution of boards for staff on the exterior. But for that matter, the staff is good for some years to come.
“It is too bad that such a noble structure should be broken up,” said Acting Director-General Carlton to a reporter this morning. “It is the best place of the kind in the country for sporting events of the most popular kind. Its actual value for the lumber in it is not very much, and it should be saved. That is why we have made proposition No. 4.”
Some of the leading wrecking companies in this country are in communication with the Department of Works concerning the wrecking of the buildings. Mr. Carlton, however, professes to be ignorant of the form that their bids take.
“I don't know whether they will do the work for the lumber in the buildings and pay us a half million to boot or take the lumber as perquisites and charge us half a million for clearing them away, “he replied when asked concerning this point by the NEWS reporter.
The trees and shrubs in the grounds have been exempted from the wrecking proposition. The common trees like poplar and maples that have been set in the ground belong to the owners of the grounds by a clause in the lease.
Story 4 The name and address of every visitor to the Pan-American on the last day, Saturday, will be preserved in the archives of the Buffalo Historical Society, and boxes will be placed at the gates into which visiting or business cards may be dropped. These will be pasted in books and put in the Historical Society for preservation.
October 29: Story 1 At 7:12:30 o'clock this morning Leon Czolgosz, murderer of President McKinley, paid the extreme penalty exacted by the law for his crime. He was shocked to death by 1700 volts of electricity. He went to the chair in exactly the same manner as have the majority of all the other murderers in this State, showing no particular sign of fear but, in fact, doing what few of them have done, talking to the witnesses while he was being strapped in the chair.
“I killed the President because he was an enemy of the good people - of the good working people. I am not sorry for my crime.”
Words he supplemented a moment later mumbling them through half-adjusted face straps, “I am awfully sorry I could not see my father”...
Story 2 Already the note of preparation for the grand exodus of next week is sounding throughout the Pan-American grounds. Commissioners from many States are busy solving the problems of what to do with the buildings and exhibits that they will have on their hands after next Saturday.
Friday morning at 10 o'clock, the Pennsylvania building and its contents will be offered for sale at public auction. J.W. Thompson, president of the Illinois State Commission, announced this morning that the handsome Illinois State building will be sold complete.
Nicaragua’s fine exhibit is to be greatly enlarged and sent to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. The New York State building, of course, will revert to the Buffalo Historical Society.
Story 3 Letter to
Why not suggest to your very valuable paper, a friend of the poor and needy in many cases to my knowledge, a “free-for-all” day, so that the poor people of Buffalo may be able to see a sight of their lifetime? Now, from my personal knowledge, Mr. Editor, and I run a rooming house on an inexpensive scale, there are three of my roomers who have not been inside the grounds (though how much they would like to go I cannot explain) for the simple reason that they cannot afford it. In the first place one is a woman and her daughter. The mother goes out washing, housecleaning, etc., every day, getting work from the Fitch Crèche, though some days she is hardly able to crawl. The daughter, a young girl, is working hard every day, too. They do not have one penny to spend - hardly enough to buy clothing. The second is a woman with a baby, whose husband left her, and her poor mother, an aged woman, and she expects to be thrown out of employment any day now. Last, but not least, another woman with two children, whose husband is working hard every day for $8 a week and obliged to pay me $3 for rent on account of the Pan-American season. How in the name of fortune can any one of these possibly afford to visit the Exposition, though they have expressed a great desire to do so? I know I do not keep the only rooming house of this kind in Buffalo, and presume there are hundreds of others in just the situation I refer to. Why not let these poor but deserving people have one day of recreation in which to forget their poverty and one to remember possibly for a lifetime? ...
October 30: Story 1 More than 36,000 passengers were carried on the lines controlled by the International Traction Company for the quarter ending Sept. 30, 1901, if the figures shown in the gross receipts represent five-cent fares only. The figures indicate that the surplus of the company for the period of July, August and September this year is four times as great as the surplus of the corresponding period last year...
Story 2 August Luchow, proprietor of the Alt Nurnberg concession at the Pan-American Exposition, has issued invitations to a large number of his friends for a dinner with him in Alt Nurnberg tomorrow afternoon at 2 o'clock. Mr. Luchow and his able assistant and manager, F. A. Wald, have made their concession very popular during the period of the Exposition. Most of the distinguished guests of the management, and a very large proportion of those who have been guests of private citizens have been entertained at Alt Nurnberg.
The reputation of the cuisine and the service at Alt Nurnberg has been of the highest and its patronage of the best al summer. Not only as a sight to be seen, but as a delightful resort, has it maintained the most flattering position. The proprietor and his manager appreciate the patronage accorded them and the friendships formed in Buffalo and will give their guests a cordial greeting tomorrow in a dinner that will be remembered with pleasure as among the finest courtesies of this year of civilities.
Story 3 The executive committee of the Exposition directorate held a meeting yesterday afternoon at the committee rooms in Ellicott Square. Farewell Day and the subject of admissions to the grounds after the Exposition is closed were the principal topics of discussion.
A resolution was passed directing the treasurer of the company to forward a pass for Farewell Day to every stockholder whose subscription is fully paid up. About 9000 passes will be issued in this way. It was decided that after the Exposition is closed admissions to the grounds will be regulated the same as while it was in process of construction. Sightseers will have to pay 25 cents to get through the gates. Children will be charged the full price.
Invitations to all persons who have had any official connection with the fair have been sent out asking such persons to attend the closing ceremonies, which will begin in the Temple of Music at 11 o'clock Saturday night. If the plan is carried out, President Milburn, in the Temple of Music, will press a button which will shut off the lights of the Exposition forever.
The lights will be turned off promptly at midnight. The Midway will be relighted later. After Sunday, however, all those on the grounds who want light will have to buy it under a new arrangement.
In anticipation of the close of the Exposition, the souvenir dealers have been disposing of their stock at what appear to be ridiculously low figures. The prices, however, are not so low from the dealers' standpoint, as practically all of their stuff couldn't be given away after the fair is over, because it is marked “Pan-American, Buffalo, 1901.”
Story 4 Dr. A. L. Benedict of the division of ethnology has made a written proposal to turn over the Indian stockade and village at the Exposition to the Park Department as a permanent exhibit for the benefit of the city of Buffalo. He hopes to get the Historical Society and the Natural History Society interested, and through them arrange for the transfer of the huts and stockade. Dr. Benedict says the buildings are strongly built and of a character to stand for a long time.
October 31: Story 1 Before the Exposition closes Saturday night every pupil in the public schools will have seen the Fair, except in the few instances where the parents kept their children at home for fear of mishap. Supt. Emerson says he sufficient funds and street car tickets available to send every one of the 6000 poor children who were unable to raise the price of admission to the Exposition between now and Saturday. Should any deficiency occur F. H. Goodyear, the Larkin Soap Company and a third person whose identity is kept secret are ready to make it good.
When the schools closed yesterday 52,000 car tickets had been issued, which means 26,000 children visited the Fair. The average attendance of the children is 45,000 and, after the poorer children have viewed the Exposition, it is thought all of the 45,000 will have been to the fair.
Story 2 For the past two months the conductors and motormen who came to Buffalo to reap a harvest from the Exposition business have been leaving the employ of the local company to seek fields new. Like birds of flight, many have gone South for the winter, most of them to Charleston to take advantage of the fair that is to open there Dec. 4. Still others have gone to St. Louis in anticipation of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. These, however, are for the most part young men of migratory habits who follow the expositions, seeking employment, first in one city, then in another. About 200 of them have already left Buffalo.
Supt. Mitten, when seen this morning, said that he thinks the company will not have to lay off any of the men now in its employ. These include a great majority of the old employees of the company who worked for it before the Exposition boom began.
Story 3 Buffalo should buy the big organ in the Temple of Music at the Exposition. It cost $18,000. It may now be had for $10,000. Convention Hall should be its permanent home. This is the proposition of the NEWS for the disposition of the superb instrument. The argument for it is unanswerable.
Buffalo is a great city now, but small in comparison to the city that is soon to be. It is a noble city today in its business energy, its catholic spirit and its loyalty to inspiring traditions. It has given its children two free libraries of the first class, the Buffalo and the Grosvenor. The beautiful Albright Art Gallery is nearly enclosed and soon will be ready for the delight of the public. The stately building of New York at the Exposition becomes the home of the Buffalo Historical Society from this time forth.
Buffalo is unrivaled in her system of parks and their approaches and her streets are the envy of travelers from all over the world. She is rich in her schools and colleges, in her hospitals and asylums and public buildings. Her resources for the comfort and happiness and enlightenment of her citizens are so abundant that the lack of that one which will go far toward completing her municipal equipment, when secured, occasions wonder.
Buffalo has no provision for furnishing music to the people at a moderate charge. Band concerts are given in the summer at the parks, but they are impossible in the colder season and cannot exceed the rather narrow abilities of the best of such organizations to interpret the higher range of musical compositions.
Buffalo has the beginning
of a magnificent institution in Convention Hall. There is a place for the
people to gather for popular music. The best foundation for such programmes
is the organ. Nothing else can furnish the volume of harmony necessary
to give adequate expression to the great compositions. The orchestra and
the band and the soloists have their place, but the organ is indispensable.
The need not be argued to the intelligence of Buffalo. It is only necessary
to suggest that when Convention Hall is relaid with an inclined floor and
furnished with the hangings that will prevent the resonance common now
except when the auditorium is filled completely, and is supplied with an
organ powerful enough to match the large space of the main room, Buffalo
will have one of the finest halls for popular entertainment that adorns
any city in the country...
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